Testing For Competence Rather ThanFound 3 free book(s)
tional competence, and linkages to family and ... set of goals, rather than a narrow set of skills. Assess-ments are aligned with early learning standards, with program goals, and with specific emphases in the curriculum. ... The use of formal standardized testing and norm-
WORKING WITH ADOLESCENTS: PRACTICE TIPS AND …ncsacw.acf.hhs.gov
COMPETENCE; Perception that one has abilities and skills: ... volatile emotions, risk-taking and boundary-testing, exploration and assertion of personal identity, navigation of peer relationships, and ... rather than waiting until concerns begin to emerge later in adolescence.
Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development: Instructional ...files.eric.ed.gov
Vygotsky (1962) introduced the concept of ZPD to criticize the psychometric-based testing in Russian schools. The traditional testing reflected only the current level of learners’ achievement, rather than learner’s potential for development in future .The zone of actual development(ZAD)does not sufficiently describe development. Rather, it