1 2018 2019 TRANSCRIPT SUMMARIZATION POLICIES. How Grades Are Converted the value of grades earned at different colleges. Each law school sets its own rules for interpretation of applicants'. Grades are converted to a standard system in order to grade-point averages; members of law school admission furnish law schools with a uniform basis for comparing committees understand that a particular grade earned at one applicants (see Grade Conversion Table below). college may not have the same meaning as the identical grade LSAC-member schools have selected a common set of at another. In all cases, a copy of each transcript is sent to law numerical values to represent the various grading systems used schools along with LSAC's Law School Report.
2 By US/Canadian institutions. LSAC makes no attempt to assess Grade Conversion Table LSAC. Conversion Grades as Reported on Transcripts Four Passing Three Passing*. Scale A to F 1 to 5 100 0* Grades Grades A+ 1+ 98 100 Highest Passing Highest Passing A 1 93 97 Grade ( ) Grade ( ). A 1 90 92. AB. B+ 2+ 87 89 Second Highest Middle B 2 83 86 Passing Grade ( ) Passing Grade ( ). B 2 80 82. BC. C+ 3+ 77 79 Third Highest Lowest Passing C 3 73 76 Passing Grade ( ) Grade ( ). C 3 70 72. CD. D+ 4+ 67 69 Lowest D 4 63 66 Passing Grade ( ). D 4 60 62. DE or DF. E and F 5 Below 60 Failure ( ) Failure ( ). *In some instances, a school's three-passing-grade system or numerical grading scale might be converted differently than shown here.
3 Grades Excluded From Conversion Passing grades from systems of one or two passing grades ( , Pass/Fail, Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory, Credit/No Withdraw, Withdraw/Pass only if the issuing school Credit, or Honors/Pass/Fail, High Pass/Pass/Fail), and those considers the grade nonpunitive; for which conversion rules cannot be formulated, including courses for which a transcript gives only narratives or Incomplete only if the issuing school considers the descriptions. Credits for the work in these courses are totaled grade nonpunitive; and reported separately as unconverted credits (see last section, next page). The only exception to this policy is for a Those given for remedial courses only if the transcript clearly reported grade below C-minus from a two-passing-grade indicates they are remedial; grading system ( , Credit/D/Fail) when the issuing institution includes this grade in their calculation of a GPA.
4 Those awarded after the first undergraduate degree was received; Grade symbols that have multiple meanings at the issuing school and the issuing school's registrar is unable to confirm Those assigned for noncredit courses. Noncredit courses are whether course credit was attempted (such as NC=either No defined as courses where the student has not registered for Credit Attempted or No Credit Awarded, etc.). The total credit, attempted credit, or would not have been assigned number of credits usually assigned to the particular type of credit even if any type of passing grade ( , A, B, C, Pass) had course will appear on the applicant's academic summary, been received. Physical Education, Practical Art, Practical Music, but will not be included in the GPA calculation.
5 And ROTC courses that are assigned credit will be included in the academic summary, even if the issuing institution does not Official withdrawal grades that signify failure (such as include these courses in its calculation of a GPA; WF=Withdraw/Fail, WU=Withdrew Unsatisfactory, WNP=Withdrew Not Passing) if the issuing school considers the grade nonpunitive. The total number of credits assigned to these grades will appear on the applicant's academic summary, but will not be included in the GPA calculation;. The original grade for a repeated course when the transcript If you question a transcript notation of academic action, you does not show both the grade and the units for the original should contact the institution directly and resolve the matter as attempt.
6 The total number of credits assigned to these soon as possible. Please note that a discrepancy between your grades will appear on the applicant's academic summary, answer to a law school application academic record question but will not be included in the GPA calculation; and notations on your transcript(s) could result in a misconduct and irregularities investigation. Those removed from the official transcript due to an institution's academic forgiveness only if the grade is not Advanced Placement (AP) or College Level displayed on the transcript. A line drawn through course Examination Programs (CLEP). information or a grade does not eliminate the course from GPA calculation; and AP or CLEP courses are summarized and included in the GPA if the undergraduate school transcript shows grades and credits A No Credit grade that does not signify failure and for which for them.
7 (See Unconverted Credit Hours below for transcripts no attempt at credit was made ( , NC=No Credit/Withdraw, showing credits but no grades.). or NC=No Credit Attempted). Grade-Point Average (GPA). Failing Grades LSAC calculates a GPA for each year and a cumulative GPA for Any grade notation that signifies failure (such as No Credit, each undergraduate institution that issued a transcript for you. No Credit/Fail, Not Passing, Incomplete, Incomplete/Fail, A cumulative GPA that includes all undergraduate work is also Unofficial Withdrawal Failing, Withdrawal/Fail, Unsatisfactory, calculated and reported. A cumulative GPA for a school within Fail, etc.) is converted to zero on the scale and is included in an institution cannot be calculated.
8 The calculation of the GPA, even if the issuing school considers In the following atypical instances, no cumulative GPA. the grade to be nonpunitive. Failure is defined as credit calculation will occur, as reporting one for someone who only attempted, but not earned. If a transcript is not clear about had a few hours of US/Canadian classes could be misleading. credit attempted, LSAC staff will contact the registrar at the issuing school to confirm whether course credit was attempted. An applicant has Incomplete and Withdraw grades considered punitive by the received their undergraduate degree from an issuing school will be included in the conversion. The only institution located outside the US, its exception to this policy is for No Credit, Official Withdrawal/Fail, territories/associated states, or Canada, and has also repeated courses, and Incomplete grades specifically explained completed less than 60 graded credits of US/Canadian under the Grades Excluded From Conversion section above.
9 Undergraduate-level work prior to the awarding of the international degree;. Repeated Courses received their undergraduate degree from a All grades and credits earned for a repeated course will be US/Canadian institution that does not issue grades and included in the GPA calculation if the course units and grades credits, only narratives, and has also completed less appear on the transcript. A line drawn through course than 60 graded credits of other US/Canadian information or a grade does not eliminate the course from GPA undergraduate-level work prior to the awarding of the calculation if the course units appear on the transcript. US/Canadian degree;. Academic Renewal/Academic Forgiveness a total of less than 60 graded credits of US/Canadian undergraduate-level work on their file and may or may All grades reflected on your transcript for forgiven courses will not have an institution identified as their be included in the calculation of the GPA even if the institution undergraduate degree-granting school.
10 Issuing the transcript excludes the courses from its own calculations. Credits for forgiven courses not reflecting the In calculating a GPA, LSAC uses the grades and credits for grade earned will appear on the academic summary but will not every course that can be converted to the scale, although be included in the GPA calculation. If the transcript reflects the institution issuing the transcript may exclude some of the neither the grade nor the credit attempted for a forgiven courses from its own calculations. Courses excluded from the course, credit will be assigned. If a transcript is not clear about academic summary are not included in the GPA calculation. the total number of credits attempted and the course There may be some variation in GPAs calculated by LSAC and information is not readily available on the institution's website, those calculated by colleges or students; however, the variation the total number of credits for a similar course will be assigned.