1 A GUIDE TO. INSULATED . HVAC DUCT. SYSTEMS . EFFICIENT AIR DELIVERY. OCCUPANT COMFORT. IMPROVED AIR QUALITY. QUIET, COST EFFECTIVE. ENERGY CONSERVATION. COPYRIGHT 2003, NAIMA, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Contents Introduction ..1. General descriptions of types of INSULATED duct SYSTEMS ..2-5. How fibrous glass duct insulation improves the indoor environment ..6. Codes and Standards ..7-17. Fibrous glass duct SYSTEMS ..18-21. Sheet metal ducts with fibrous glass insulation liner ..22-25. Sheet metal ducts with fibrous glass insulation Fibrous glass insulation Flexible duct Insulating return air SYSTEMS , ducted and non-ducted ..37. GUIDE Specifications: 3-Part Masterformat . Fibrous glass Duct Work - Thermal/Acoustical Insulation ..38-40. Sheet Metal Ducts - Acoustical Lining Insulation ..40-42. Sheet Metal Ducts - Thermal Insulation Wrap ..42,43. Facts on fibrous glass duct ,45. FIBROUS glass INSULATED HVAC DUCT SYSTEMS . FIBROUS glass INSULATED HVAC DUCT SYSTEMS . and how they provide.
2 Quiet, efficient air delivery Improved indoor environmental quality Cost-effective energy conservation Enhanced occupant comfort Introduction Types of INSULATED air duct SYSTEMS Fibrous glass has been used as thermal and acoustical The five types of INSULATED air duct SYSTEMS described insulation in forced air heating, ventilating, and air- in this GUIDE can be used to meet all widely used conditioning SYSTEMS ever since these SYSTEMS became architects' or engineers' specifications, local codes, widely available following World War II. Today, fibrous owners' comfort control requirements, installed and glass duct SYSTEMS , duct liners, duct wraps, and life cycle cost criteria, or the contractor's crew skill commercial insulation boards contribute to indoor levels and shop fabrication resources. environmental quality (IEQ) and occupant comfort in residential, commercial, industrial, and public buildings of Combining types of fibrous glass insulation in duct all kinds.
3 These include homes, apartments, schools, SYSTEMS hotels, motels, medical facilities, theaters, shopping Often more than one of type of fibrous glass insulation centers, office and government buildings, factories, and treatment may be specified in a single HVAC duct many other types of structures where occupant comfort system . For example, in a variable air volume system , and indoor environmental quality are important criteria. sheet metal ducts with fibrous glass duct liner may be used on the high pressure side if design static pressure Fibrous glass insulation is used in air duct SYSTEMS for four exceeds the 2 in. (500 Pa) limits of the fibrous glass basic reasons: duct system ; the fibrous glass duct system may be used on the low pressure side; and INSULATED flexible ducts Temperature control - Delivery of heated or cooled air at may be used as run-outs from trunk ducts to diffusers. comfort levels suited to building occupancy requirements. Acoustical control - Absorption of noise generated by central air handling equipment and movement of air through the ducts, as well as cross-talk carried by ducts from one space to another.
4 Condensation control Prevents condensation in or on ducts when installed R-value recommendations are followed, reducing the likelihood of moisture damage to ceilings and other interior finishes. Energy conservation - Reduction of HVAC system operating costs by controlling heat loss or gain through air duct walls, helping SYSTEMS run more efficiently. HVAC SYSTEMS typically operate with internal air temperatures between 40 F (4 C) and 250 F (121 C). SYSTEMS operating outside this range are not considered in this GUIDE , except that fibrous glass insulation boards may be used in SYSTEMS operating at internal air temperatures between 0 F (-18 C) and 450 F (232 C). 1. FIBROUS glass INSULATED HVAC DUCT SYSTEMS . GENERAL DESCRIPTIONS. Fibrous glass duct system The fibrous glass duct system is used to conserve heating Duct board products are available with coated or faced and cooling energy and to control duct-borne noise in airstream surfaces. These products permit rigorous commercial, institutional, or residential heating, ventilating, cleaning of the duct surface where dust has been allowed and air-conditioning ductwork operating in the range of + 2 to collect in the duct due to lack of filtration or poor in.
5 (+ 500 Pa) static pressure, up to at least 5,000 fpm maintenance. Additionally, some of these products have ( m/sec) internal air velocity, and internal air higher maximum velocity ratings. temperature between 40 F (4 C) and 250 F (121 C). Ducts Duct SYSTEMS fabricated from fibrous glass duct board are only for indoor use and should be located in areas products qualify under UL 181 as Class 1 Air Ducts, where ambient temperature does not exceed 150 F (66 C). meeting the fire safety requirements of NFPA 90A and 90B. The fibrous glass duct system is normally made up of including limited combustibility. They also comply with all nominal four foot ( ) modules fabricated from 1, 11/2, widely used model codes. Duct board joint closures are or 2 in. (25, 38, or 51mm) thick, flat fibrous glass duct sealed using one of three UL 181A listed SYSTEMS . board stock having a factory-applied reinforced aluminum exterior air barrier finish. Duct system modules are fabricated using either specially designed hand tools or grooving and closure machines.
6 Duct fittings such as tees, offsets, elbows, and transitions are also fabricated from these modules or from flat duct board stock. UL 181A closure SYSTEMS provide substantially air-tight sealing Reinforced aluminum foil/kraft laminate, air barrier, and vapor retarder Factory-molded male and female shiplap joints between sections Thermally effective fibrous glass insulation Internal surface treatments enhance cleanability Fig. 1. Fibrous glass duct module 2. FIBROUS glass INSULATED HVAC DUCT SYSTEMS . Sheet metal ducts lined with fibrous glass insulation Fibrous glass duct liners are manufactured to comply with Fibrous glass duct liner insulation is designed for ASTM C 1071, Standard Specification for Fibrous glass application to the interiors of commercial and residential Lining Insulation (Thermal and Sound Absorbing Material). sheet metal heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning ducts These products are available with coated or faced to attenuate noise generated by central air handling airstream surfaces.
7 Equipment, air movement within the ducts, and occupant cross-talk. It also serves to reduce heat loss or gain through sheet metal duct surfaces, and helps to prevent the formation of water vapor condensation both inside the duct and on its exterior surface. Fibrous glass duct liner insulation is fabricated along with the sheet metal work in the shop, providing quality workmanship under controlled conditions. Fibrous glass duct liner insulations are manufactured from glass fibers bonded with thermosetting resin. They are dimensionally stable, withstand abuse, and provide a cleanable, fire-resistant interior surface designed to minimize friction loss. Two forms are available: (1) Flexible blankets, supplied in roll form;. (2) Rigid boards, supplied in sheet form. Sheet metal ducts must be tightly sealed Available in thicknesses from 1/2 to 2 in. (13 to 51mm). Tough airstream surface resists shop, installation, and service damage Duct liner secured to sheet metal with adhesives plus metal fasteners Fig.
8 2. Sheet metal duct lined with fibrous glass insulation 3. FIBROUS glass INSULATED HVAC DUCT SYSTEMS . GENERAL DESCRIPTIONS. Sheet metal ducts with exterior fibrous glass exterior insulation Flexible Blanket Insulation Boards Fibrous glass duct wrap insulation is designed for Fibrous glass insulation boards are also available for application to the exteriors of commercial and residential application to the outside of sealed sheet metal ducts, sheet metal heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning ducts housings, and plenums. These are available unfaced, and plenums operating at temperatures between 40 F or with reinforced foil (FSK) or all-service jacket (ASJ). (4 C) and 250 F (121 C). Duct wrap insulation reduces vapor retarder facings, in a range of densities and heat loss or gain through duct walls, conserving energy thicknesses. Some are flexible enough to conform to and controlling moisture condensation. Fibrous glass duct curved surfaces such as large round or oval sheet wrap insulations are useful in situations where acoustical metal ducts.
9 Performance is not an issue. Fibrous glass insulation boards can be used in Fibrous glass duct wrap insulations are flexible, resilient, applications operating within the temperature range of 0 F. light-density blankets of glass fibers factory-laminated (-18 C) to 450 F (232 C). to vapor retarder facings. These products are easily cut Fibrous glass insulation boards are manufactured to and fitted to achieve a neat, thermally effective insulation comply with ASTM C 612, Standard Specification for blanket over the exteriors of rectangular, round, oval, or Mineral Fiber Block and Board Thermal Insulation. irregularly shaped ducts. Fibrous glass duct wrap insulations are manufactured to comply with ASTM C 1290, Flexible Fibrous glass Blanket Insulation USed to Externally Insulate HVAC Ducts. Sheet metal ducts must first be tightly sealed Reinforced foil/kraft laminate vapor retarder facing Resilient fibrous glass insulation, thicknesses from 11/2 to 4 in. (38 to 102mm).
10 Correct installation procedures assure installed R-values will be met Fig. 3. Metal duct with exterior insulation wrap 4. FIBROUS glass INSULATED HVAC DUCT SYSTEMS . Fibrous glass INSULATED flexible ducts Flexible ducts INSULATED with fibrous glass are an efficient, economical way to install connections between trunk ducts and room diffusers or registers. A spiral wire-reinforced inner air conduit is wrapped with resilient fibrous glass and jacketed with a flexible vapor retarder of reinforced foil or plastic film. These flexible products can conform to bends when connecting trunk ducts to diffusers, or when routing ductwork through obstructed areas. (NAIMA members do not manufacture flexible ducts, but do supply the flexible duct industry with fibrous glass insulation.). Fibrous glass INSULATED flexible ducts can be used in applications where internal air temperatures do not exceed 250 F (121 C). Fibrous glass INSULATED flexible ducts SYSTEMS are manufactured to comply with Air Diffusion Council Test Code FD-72-R1.