1 APPLICATION OF CONTENTSI. GENERAL GUIDELINESI ntroduction and Safety Considerations ..2 Surface Cleaning ..3 Tack Rags ..4 Taping and Masking ..5 Compressors and Compressed Air ..5 Sanding & Sandpaper ..6 APPLICATION Equipment ..8 Painting Environment ..15II. ABOVE WATERLINE SYSTEMSS urface Preparation and PrimingPreviously Painted Surfaces Compatibility ..16 Gelcoat & Fiberglass ..20 Aluminum ..23 Wood ..30 Steel ..33 PrimingPreviously Painted Surfaces Compatibility ..36 Fiberglass/Gelcoat ..38 Aluminum ..40 Steel ..44 Fairing & Surfacing ..46 Final Priming & Topcoating ..48 Brightwork ..51 III. BELOW WATERLINE SYSTEMSA pplication ..63 All Substrates ..64 Renewing Awlstar Gold Label ..64 Running Gear & Hardware ..65IV. TROUBLESHOOTINGT roubleshooting ..67V. PRODUCT DATA SHEETSW ipedown Solvents.
2 70 Metal Treatment Products ..73 Primers ..81 Fairing Compounds ..85 Surfacers/Topcoat Primers ..95 Topcoats ..108 Brightwork ..123 Reducers..139 Auxilliary Products ..145 Antifoulings..158 Awlwash/Awlcare ..160VI. OTHERP roduct Check Lists ..163 Products by Code ..166 Glossary of Terms ..168 Maintaining an Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat ..172 Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat ..174 APPLICATION CLEANINGA clean, dry surface is essential to the success of any coatingsapplication. Our systems include products and procedures which willenable you to obtain proper surface Clean beforesanding. Sanding often melts grease, waxand oils into the surface making it impossible to obtain a clean ScrubbingMany applicators scrub the surface they are going to paint withpowdered household scouring cleanser and a 3 MTMS cotch-Brite Padbefore any other prep work is performed.
3 This is an excellent practice ascareful observation of the rinse water will tell you when you have a cleansurface. Breaks, holes or beading of the rinse water indicates areaswhich need additional Cloth Cleaning Method1. The surface should be cleaned thoroughly of all dust, using a vacuumor clean dry compressed air to blow while wiping with clean, oil free,dry cotton Soak one cloth in Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: AwlprepT0008, Awlprep Plus T0115 orAwlprep 400 T0170; EU: SurfaceCleaner T0340). Use this cloth to wet the Use a dry second cloth to wipe the surface dry and lift thecontamination off the surface.* Work small areas (4 sq. ft or less) to keep the surface cleaner fromdrying before the second rag wipes it clean. * Repeat steps 2 and 3, changing rags frequently, until the surface isresidue :Wiping the surface with one wet cloth only smears contaminationaround.
4 Be sure the cloth used does not have any contaminates;clean cotton works the best. The surface must be dry before usingtack GUIDELINESINTRODUCTIONThis GUIDE is designed to supply the professional applicator with thenecessary information required to apply our products; it is not intendedas a How To GUIDE for the do-it-yourselfer. We encourage you to readthe entire GUIDE carefully, especially those sections on safety beforeapplying any Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) should be read by the applicatorbefore applying an Awlgrip Product. These documents contain extensiveinformation for safe handling of our products. Please contact your localdistributor or go to with APPLICATION systems information, the GUIDE contains acomplete section containing technical product datasheets for eachproduct. These product datasheets contain the basic mixing andapplication specifications for each product.
5 The appropriate productdatasheets should be reviewed before using a Awlgrip Premium Coating Systems are available worldwide. Localregulations may limit the availability of certain products in some parts ofthe world. In some cases packaging will differ depending on localspecifications and remember that the Awlgrip Premium Coating Systems aredesigned specifically for the pleasure craft industry and providechemically cured finishes that are resistant to abrasion, chalking,corrosion and chemical attack. Only a complete Awlgrip Coating Systemwill provide these notincorporate any thinner, additive, modifier, converter, primer orrelated product that is not specifically recommended by Awlgrip into anyAwlgrip Coating System. Such substitution can jeopardize the uniquecharacteristics of the Awlgrip Coating System resulting in poor cosmeticsand/or premature failure of the system and will void Awlgrip s CONSIDERATIONSA wlgrip is committed to providing you with state-of-the-art chemicalcoatings technology and systems.
6 With that commitment comes aresponsibility of much greater consequence, a dedication to provide youwith the necessary safety information concerning the APPLICATION andhandling of these read the cautions and warnings on the Awlgrip labels are there for your benefit. The recommended safety equipmentensures the safe use of our products. If you have any questions, contact:ASIA:+65 62615033 AUSTRALIA: 13 11 26 ZEALAND: 0800 764 766 NORTH AMERICA:CHEMTREC (800) 424 9300 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS s) are available on and all product names mentioned in this publication are trademarks of,or licensed to, AkzoNobel. AkzoNobel TACK RAGSTack rags are used just before painting to remove the lightest dust or dirtfrom what would otherwise be considered a clean, ready to paint rags are used before final primer and topcoat applications .
7 Theyare usually not needed when applying fairing materials or tacking a primer or topcoat surface, use only Deluxe Tack Rags(#73009). They have the proper type and amount of resin to pick up dustwithout leaving contamination on the surface. Other tack rags can easilyleave a residue that causes fisheyes and cratering of the topcoat. Becareful not to use excessive hand pressure when using tack rags. A lightdusting is all that is necessary, let the resin do the work. Even DeluxeTack Ragscan leave a resin on the surface if used :TAPING AND MASKINGMATERIALSM asking Tapes:Masking tapes are produced in various grades. Review tapemanufacturers recommendations and then make your selection basedon your working conditions and technique. A minimum requirementis tape designed for use with urethane and epoxy problems with tapes not designed for use with these typesof coatings are poor solvent resistance, creeping, adhesive residueremaining on the surface and poor moisture striping, a thin plastic tape such as 3M Fine Line #218 isrecommended.
8 Pushing the edge of the tape to be painted down withfine sandpaper, a green Scotch-Brite pad and/or a plastic spreaderwill help insure a sealed edge and a fine, even, no creep Paper:Masking papers are manufactured in various grades. The solvents inurethane and epoxy coatings require a paper with excellent resistanceto solvent penetration. 3M s Scotchblok Masking Paper is :1. Do not use lightweight plastic masking materials that cling to the surface. This can leave tracks or marks on the paintfilm which cannot be Do not use plastic sheeting on a surface longer than two days. Condensation can form under the plastic causing blistering, bubbling or loss of gloss in the paint Do not use newsprint or newspapers; these can stain the paint ANDCOMPRESSED AIRC lean, oil-free, dry air is essential for operating spray equipment, airpower tools and blowing off surfaces prior to priming or supply lines should have oil and water separators.
9 For separators to be effective, air from the compressor must have time to cool beforereaching them. Usually a minimum of 30 ft. is required between thecompressor and the separators. Additional separators may be GRIT CROSSREFERENCE:The finish sanding grits in this book are for 3M Tri-M-ite Fre-Cut choosing 3M Gold, or Wetordry sandpapers, a finer grit choicewill be necessary to match the sanding scratch profile or depth of theTri-M-ite Fre-Cut .Example:Tri-M-ite Fre-Cut GoldImperial Wetordry 220280280400320400400500/600 Clears and dark topcoat colors tend to show sanding scratches morethan lighter colors. Using finer grits will help overcome this : Tri-M-ite Fre-Cut Imperial Wetordry 220280400320400500/600to sand before applying clears or dark topcoat : APPLICATION AND SANDPAPERRead all health and safety information contained in Material Safety DataSheets.
10 Always thoroughly clean the surface before sanding. See surfacecleaning on page When sanding or grinding, work in areas with adequate ventilation,maintaining a continuous flow of fresh Do not breathe sanding or grinding Keep sanding dust off skin and out of Wear a properly fitted chemical cartridge/mechanical filter respirator(such as 3M 6000 series or equivalent) during sanding, grindingand blowing Keep bystanders and unprotected workers out of sanding andgrinding sanding promotes adhesion for the next coat. Excessive sandingor using too coarse a grit can open pores in the surface or create asanding scratch profile too deep to be filled by the next product to beapplied. This can cause porosity holes in gelcoat and sand scratchprint are four basic types of sanding and throughout this book,references are made to each type.