1 best 's Rating of lloyd 's 2017 . September 2017 . Credit Report lloyd 's September 2017 best 's Financial Strength Rating Based on best 's opinion of the financial strength of lloyd 's, the lloyd 's market is assigned One Lime Street a best 's Financial Strength Rating of A (Excellent) and an issuer credit Rating of a+. Each Rating London EC3M 7HA has a stable outlook. The market is assigned the Financial Size Category of Class XV. United Kingdom Rating Rationale Web: AMB#: 85202 best 's ratings of lloyd 's reflect its stable and strong risk-adjusted capitalisation and good AIIN#: AA-1122000 financial flexibility, together with its excellent business profile and recent strong underwriting performance. lloyd 's benefits from strong and stable risk-adjusted capitalisation, supported by a robust risk- based approach to setting member level capital.
2 The exposure of central resources to insolvent members has fallen significantly over the past 10 years and is now at a very low level. When setting the member level capital requirement, lloyd 's applies a 35% economic capital uplift to each syndicate's solvency capital requirement. This level of uplift has been retained for 2017 , but should it change, best will review the implications for risk-adjusted capitalisation and react accordingly. lloyd 's financial flexibility remains good, enhanced by the diversity of its capital providers, which include corporate and non-corporate investors. lloyd 's operating performance has been good in recent years, supported by strong technical performance as demonstrated by an average five-year combined ratio of 90% (2012-2016). The combined ratio deteriorated in 2016 to 97% (2015: 89%), primarily due to a higher major loss burden and a reduction in reserve releases.
3 Major losses accounted for approximately 9% of net earned premiums in 2016, which is in line with the market 's 10-year average. Assuming average catastrophe experience, technical performance in 2017 is expected to be in line with 2016. lloyd 's benefits from an excellent position in the global insurance and reinsurance markets. The collective size of the lloyd 's market and its unique capital structure enable syndicates to compete effectively with large international insurance groups under the well-recognised lloyd 's brand. However, an increasingly difficult operating environment poses challenges to lloyd 's competitive position. In particular, the growth of regional (re)insurance hubs, combined with the comparatively high cost of placing business at lloyd 's, is reducing the Analytical Contacts: Mathilde Jakobsen, London flow of business into the London market .
4 There has been a proactive response by lloyd 's +44 20 7397 0266 to these threats. Improved access to international business is being supported by the Vision 2025 strategy and the establishment of regional platforms, and lloyd 's continues to implement initiatives to improve efficiency and reduce operating costs. best will Catherine Thomas, London continue to closely monitor lloyd 's ability to defend its strong competitive position against +44 20 7397 0281 the prevailing market headwinds. David Drummond, London Upward Rating movements are considered unlikely in the short term. Longer term, positive +44 20 7397 0327 Rating pressure could arise if lloyd 's business profile and operating performance remain strong in spite of challenging market conditions. John Andre, Oldwick +1 (908) 439-2200 Ext. 5619 An increase in risk-adjusted capitalisation from the current strong level could lead to positive Rating pressure, if best expected risk-adjusted capitalisation to be maintained at this SR- 2017 -830.
6 Although lloyd 's syndicates operate as individual businesses, the collective size of the market allows them to compete effectively with major international groups under the well-recognised lloyd 's brand and with the support of the Central Fund. Since 2001 especially, the lloyd 's market has withstood strong competition from Bermuda and other international markets and enhanced its business profile by the resilience of its operating performance and capitalisation in difficult economic conditions. It has proved attractive to international investors in recent years, as demonstrated by numerous acquisitions of lloyd 's managing agents. Furthermore, while a number of traditional lloyd 's businesses have established alternative underwriting platforms, they have remained committed to the lloyd 's market . Excluding reinsurance to close syndicates, but including special-purpose arrangements (SPA), there were 96 syndicates at 1 January 2017 , down from 98 at 1 January 2016.
7 Four new syndicates and one SPA entered the market while two syndicates merged into other syndicates and two syndicates and three SPAs ceased at the end of 2016. The competitive position of lloyd 's and the London market is increasingly under threat from the growth of local and regional (re)insurance hubs and a preference by clients to place business locally. In response to this threat, lloyd 's launched its Vision 2025 in May 2012, aiming to be the global centre for specialist insurance and reinsurance . Described as a new strategic direction, Vision 2025 has at its heart profitable, sustainable growth, particularly from emerging and developing economies. This vision is reviewed annually in the context of global economic developments and the state of the insurance industry. Progress towards the vision, together with the further steps that the lloyd 's market must take to achieve it, is set out in lloyd 's latest three- year plan, lloyd 's Strategy 2017 -2019, published at the end of March 2017 .
8 A more urgent threat to the competitive position of lloyd 's is the United Kingdom's decision, taken in a referendum held in June 2016, to leave the European Union (EU). In late March 2017 , the government gave formal notice, under Article 50 of the EU's Lisbon Treaty, of the country's intention to withdraw from the EU. Under these guidelines, this gave the EU two years in which to negotiate and conclude an agreement with the , setting out the arrangements for its withdrawal, taking account of the framework for its future relationship with the EU. Membership of the EU gives businesses in any member state the right to trade throughout the EU. Depending on the outcome of the exit (so-called Brexit ) negotiations, leaving the EU could restrict the access of lloyd 's to European insurance business. Since the referendum, lloyd 's has devoted significant resources to assessing the options for it to continue to access EU markets.
9 Within days of Article 50 being invoked, lloyd 's announced that it would establish a European insurance Company in Brussels that would be ready to write business from 1 January 2019, subject to regulatory approval. best will monitor closely lloyd 's on-going ability to access EU insurance business. 2. Credit Report lloyd 's is a significant writer of catastrophe and reinsurance business and is also a leading player in its core marine, energy, aviation and specialty markets. Direct business continues to form the larger proportion of lloyd 's overall underwriting portfolio, with insurance representing of gross premium in 2016 (2015: ) and reinsurance accounting for the balance. Exhibit 1 shows lloyd 's calendar- Exhibit 1. year premium in 2015 and 2016, Calendar Year Gross Written Premium by Main split by the principal lines of Business Class (2015-2016).
10 Business. The market 's overall gross (GBP Millions). written premium (GWP) increased 2015 2016 % change by nearly 12% in 2016 to GBP 29,862. Reinsurance 8,593 9,408 million from GBP 26,690 million in 2015. A significant driver of this Property 6,893 7,988 increase was movements in average Casualty 5,764 7,131 rates of exchange, particularly Marine 2,245 2,470 for the dollar against sterling Energy 1,414 1,110 following the result of the Motor 1,120 1,047 referendum to leave the EU. Aviation 587 627 Life 74 81 At constant exchange rates there was modest growth in GWP in Total calendar year premium income 26,690 29,862 Note: Figures include brokerage and commission. 2016. As in previous years premium Source: lloyd 's Annual Report 2016. volumes were lower than syndicates originally planned, as premium rates again weakened across most lines as the year progressed.