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Brookfield

Brookfield Boston Chicago London Stuttgart Guangzhou Technical Papers on Viscosity Measurement/Control And Texture Analysis Reprints of Technical Papers are available free of charge. Please specify the appropriate key numbers on the attached business reply card or through our website. Contents General Interest .. 2. 3. Asphalt .. 3. Biological .. 6. Ceramics .. 7. Electronics .. 7. Foods .. 8. High Temperature .. 10. Oil/Gas Drilling .. 11. Brookfield ISO 9001 CERTIFIED Oil/Petroleum .. 11. Paints, Inks & Coatings .. 12. Paper Coatings .. 14. Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics .. 14. 11 Commerce Blvd. 15. Middleboro, MA 02346. Process Control .. 15. T: 508-946-6200 or 800-628-8139. ASTM Test Methods-Brook eld Viscometer .. 17. F: 508-946-6262. 091-C 15M (09/05). AR-34 Thixotropy Its Effects on Press Performance. The All Technical Papers and some of the ASTM meth- reversible ow condition whereby an ink will ow under ods listed herein are available free of charge from agitation and recover its original physical structure at Brookfield .

All Technical Papers and some of the ASTM meth-ods listed herein are available free of charge from Brookfield. Those ASTMs not available from Brookfield

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1 Brookfield Boston Chicago London Stuttgart Guangzhou Technical Papers on Viscosity Measurement/Control And Texture Analysis Reprints of Technical Papers are available free of charge. Please specify the appropriate key numbers on the attached business reply card or through our website. Contents General Interest .. 2. 3. Asphalt .. 3. Biological .. 6. Ceramics .. 7. Electronics .. 7. Foods .. 8. High Temperature .. 10. Oil/Gas Drilling .. 11. Brookfield ISO 9001 CERTIFIED Oil/Petroleum .. 11. Paints, Inks & Coatings .. 12. Paper Coatings .. 14. Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics .. 14. 11 Commerce Blvd. 15. Middleboro, MA 02346. Process Control .. 15. T: 508-946-6200 or 800-628-8139. ASTM Test Methods-Brook eld Viscometer .. 17. F: 508-946-6262. 091-C 15M (09/05). AR-34 Thixotropy Its Effects on Press Performance. The All Technical Papers and some of the ASTM meth- reversible ow condition whereby an ink will ow under ods listed herein are available free of charge from agitation and recover its original physical structure at Brookfield .

2 Those ASTMs not available from Brookfield rest, is best measured using a rotational viscometer. are marked by an asterisk (*) and may be obtained A. E. Price, Flexography, August 1963. directly from ASTM (see ). Please specify the appropriate key numbers on the attached business AR-68 Rheology of Power Law Fluids. Torque or shear reply card or use our website to order your copies. stress data measured with a rotational viscometer can be related to spindle speed or shear rate using the power law relationship = k . k n . William A. Hyman, I&EC. Fundamentals, Vol. 15, 1976. AR-69 Rheograms for Power Law Fluids Using Coaxial GENERAL INTEREST Cylinder Viscometers and a Template Method. Data from rotational viscometers with concentric cylinder spindle geometry can be easily modeled for shear AR-5 Measure Viscosity at Pumping Velocity. Accurate thinning and shear thickening power law uids.

3 P. viscosity measurement is best made at the pumping Haugen and M. A. Tung, Canada Inst. Food Sci. station with a rotational viscometer operated at two Technol. J. Vol. 9, No. 2, 1976. different speeds on samples taken from both the suction and discharge sides of the pump. A. M. AR-70 Rheological Properties of Aerated Poultry Waste Shaw, Chemical Engineering, January 1950. Slurries. A rotational viscometer was used to measure the pseudo-plastic viscosity of aerated poultry waste AR-15A Viscometer Comparison Chart. The chart slurries which is important in the proper design of compares viscosity measurements of Newtonian pumping systems to handle these products. Y. R. liquids when using ow cups, capillary tubes and Chen & A. G. Hashimoto, ASAE Vol. 19, No. 1. 1976. rotational viscometers. This convenient reference tool relates various viscosity units to centipoise for AR-71 Rheology of Livestock Waste Slurries.

4 A rotational Newtonian Fluids only. viscometer was used to analyze the rheology of livestock waste slurries, which must be known in order AR-15B Viscosity Conversion Guide. Table shows correl- to design ef cient systems to pump, mix and aerate ation for viscosity readings taken with different ow them. A. G. Hashimoto & Y. R. Chen, ASAE Vol. 19, cups (Zahn, Ford, Shell, ISO, DIN) to their equivalent No. 5, 1976. centipoise values. Applies to Newtonian uids. AR-72 Pipeline Transport of Livestock Waste Slurries. AR-15C Conversion Graph - Seconds Saybolt to A rotational viscometer was used to measure the Centipoise. Graph shows the conversion of viscosity of live stock waste slurries at various shear viscosity readings in Saybolt seconds to centipoise. rates; these data were compared to those acquired by Applies to Newtonian uids. pumping the material through a piping system.

5 Y. R. AR-20 The Structure of Hevea Latex and Its Viscosity. Chen & A. G. Hashimoto, ASAE Vol. 19, No. 5, 1976. Hevea Latex, which is comprised of rubber particles AR-77 Approximate Rheological Characterization of and a dispersed phase in aqueous serum known Casson Fluids Template Method for the Brook eld as viscoids , exhibits signi cant viscosity change Synchro-Lectric Viscometer. Nomograph method when treated with ammonia, sodium sulphite, for analyzing Casson uid data with square root graph formaldehyde or distilled water. G. R. Verhaar. paper is appropriate when computerized software is Reprinted by permission of the Institution of the not available. Meyer R. Rosen and William W. Foster, Rubber Industry. JCT, Vol. 50, No 643, August 1978, pp. 39-48. AR-28 Various methods for measuring paint viscosity AR-80 Viscosity Measurements of Non-Newtonian Slurry are reviewed: Moving Fluid - ow cups, capillary Suspensions Using Rotating Viscometers.

6 Slurry tubes; Moving Element - falling ball/cylinder;. viscosities for various concentrations of calcium Rotating Element - rotational viscometer. Donald sulfate are measured with a rotational viscometer W. Brook eld, as presented at the Annual Meeting and analyzed using a shear thinning index method. of the Federation of Societies for Paint Technology, Subhas K. Sikdar & Fernando Ore, I&EC Process November 1960. Design & Development, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1979. 1 2. AR-82 Simple Conversion of Brook eld RVT Readings AR-122 Gelatin Testing - A Starting Point for Food Into Viscosity Functions. Conversion factors are Texture Analysis. The well-established Bloom presented for converting viscosity data taken with Test is described in detail for assessing the textural the Brook eld RV torque range viscometer and properties of gelatin. Industria Alimenticia, Jon standard RV spindles 1 through 7 into equivalent Hellyer and Robert G.

7 McGregor (Available in shear stress and shear rate data. P. Mitschka, English and Spanish), October, 2003. Rheologica Acta, Vol. 21. pp. 207-209, 1982. AR-123 Measuring Viscosity of Pastes. A detailed test AR-89 More Solutions to Sticky Problems. This popular method for measuring the viscosity of two different Brook eld publication explains how to make ointments is presented using T-bar spindles with viscosity measurements, determine appropriate Helipath Stand. American Laboratory News, Len equipment choices, and interpret data. Thibodeau, June 2004. AR-100 A Look at Viscometry. Terms used in making AR-126 Use of a Brook eld YR-1 Rheometer for viscosity measurements - absolute, kinematic, Characterization of Viscoelastic Properties. Yield apparent - are de ned and types of ow - stress data from the Brook eld YR-1 Rheometer Newtonian, non-Newtonian - are explained.

8 Compares favorably with viscoelastic data from Considerations for improving the reliability and the Stress Tech Rheometer for food materials like precision of viscosity measurements are offered. ketchup and mayonnaise. Lisa Papageorge, David W. Howard, Brook eld Eng. Labs., Inc.; Food Junhua Zhang, Jessica Powell and Javier Gayo, Technology, July 1991. North Carolina State University, Raleigh NC, December 6, 2002. AR-104 Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity of Black Liquor. This method for measuring viscosity AR-127 Viscoelastic Property Determination A New involves applying a thin lm of silicone oil to Application for Brook eld Viscometers. The prevent evaporation and skin formation on the Brook eld YR-1 Rheometer produces viscoelastic surface of black liquor contained in a chamber. P. properties of materials. D. Tanjore and Ramamurthy, A. R. P. van Heiningen, and G.

9 Kubes, Daubert, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, originally published: Tappi Journal, November 1993. NC, 2005. AR-111 Beyond Single-Point Viscosity Measurement. Related ASTM Test Methods (s (see ee page 17 for description). The non-Newtonian behavior of most uids requires D1417, D1986*, D2196. QC tests which involve multiple rotational speeds or shear rates in order to properly understand ow behavior. David A. Brook eld, American Laboratory News, March 1999. ADHESIVES. AR-113 Window of Opportunity for Automated Viscosity Related ASTM Test Methods (s (see ee page 17 for description). Analysis in Quality Control. Computerized D1084, D1337*, D1338*, D2556, D3236, D4800*. data analysis enables QC departments to make automated viscosity tests by measuring ow behavior at multiple rotational speeds. Robert G. McGregor, American Laboratory News, July 1999.))

10 ASPHALT. AR-117 Texture Testing Protocols Transfer into the AR-4 Flow Properties of Asphalt Emulsions. Asphalt Commercial Environment. Textural parameters emulsions exhibit power law behavior when tested including cohesiveness, springiness and hardness for viscosity vs. shear rate; rheological properties are de ned and explained pertaining to breadcrumb depend primarily on asphalt content, particle size/. quality. Jon Hellyer, European Food Scientist, distribution of the dispersed asphalt and surface December 2002. condition of the asphalt particle. D. V. Lyttelton and AR-118 Yield Testing to Ensure Product Consistency. R. N. Traxler, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Yield stress determination using the Brook eld YR-1 November 1948. Rheometer with vane spindles is described. Test data for paints, salsas and hair gels are presented. Related ASTM Test Methods (s (see ee page 17 for description).)


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