Example: dental hygienist

CALIFORNIA PRODUCTS LIABILITY LAW: A PRIMER

1 Revised: January 2012 (Revisions in bold) CALIFORNIA PRODUCTS LIABILITY LAW: A PRIMER By: David H. Canter Kevin P. McNamara Michael E. Jenkins Julia Gower Executive Assistant: Vanessa Flores HARRINGTON, FOXX, DUBROW & CANTER, LLP 1055 W. Seventh Street, 29TH Floor Los Angeles, CALIFORNIA 90017 TEL (213) 489-3222 FAX (213) 622-4321 Orange Office 1100 Town & Country Road, Suite 1020 Orange, CALIFORNIA 92668 TEL (714) 973-4595 FAX (714) 973-7923 San Francisco Office 655 Montgomery Street, Suite 1100 San Francisco, CALIFORNIA 94111 TEL (415) 288-6600 FAX (415) 288-6618 i TABLE OF CONTENTS Contents I. INTRODUCTION: GENERAL THEORIES OF LIABILITY .. 1 II. STRICT PRODUCTS LIABILITY : GENERAL RULES AND APPLICATION.

1 Revised: January 2012 (Revisions in bold) CALIFORNIA PRODUCTS LIABILITY LAW: A PRIMER By: David H. Canter Kevin P. McNamara Michael E. Jenkins

Tags:

  California

Information

Domain:

Source:

Link to this page:

Please notify us if you found a problem with this document:

Other abuse

Transcription of CALIFORNIA PRODUCTS LIABILITY LAW: A PRIMER

1 1 Revised: January 2012 (Revisions in bold) CALIFORNIA PRODUCTS LIABILITY LAW: A PRIMER By: David H. Canter Kevin P. McNamara Michael E. Jenkins Julia Gower Executive Assistant: Vanessa Flores HARRINGTON, FOXX, DUBROW & CANTER, LLP 1055 W. Seventh Street, 29TH Floor Los Angeles, CALIFORNIA 90017 TEL (213) 489-3222 FAX (213) 622-4321 Orange Office 1100 Town & Country Road, Suite 1020 Orange, CALIFORNIA 92668 TEL (714) 973-4595 FAX (714) 973-7923 San Francisco Office 655 Montgomery Street, Suite 1100 San Francisco, CALIFORNIA 94111 TEL (415) 288-6600 FAX (415) 288-6618 i TABLE OF CONTENTS Contents I. INTRODUCTION: GENERAL THEORIES OF LIABILITY .. 1 II. STRICT PRODUCTS LIABILITY : GENERAL RULES AND APPLICATION.

2 1 A. IN GENERAL.. 1 1. Elements of A Strict LIABILITY Action in CALIFORNIA : .. 1 2. Types of Defects.. 2 3. Evidentiary Matters.. 2 B. DESIGN DEFECT.. 3 1. Requirements.. 3 2. Inherently Unsafe .. 6 3. State of the Art Technology vs. Industry Custom.. 7 C. MANUFACTURING DEFECT: .. 7 D. INADEQUATE WARNINGS AND INSTRUCTIONS BY MANUFACTURER.. 8 1. General Rule.. 8 2. Elements.. 8 3. Necessity for Warning.. 9 4. Adequacy of Warning.. 12 5. Subsequent Warnings.. 13 6. Learned Intermediary Doctrine.. 13 E. TYPES OF PRODUCTS TO WHICH STRICT PRODUCTS LIABILITY APPLIES.. 14 1. In General.. 14 2. Unnatural Substances in Food.. 14 3. Safety Devices.. 14 4. Components and PRODUCTS Subject to Further Alteration Assembly, Installation.

3 15 5. Real Property.. 16 6. Electricity.. 16 7. Aircraft Navigational Landing Charts. 8. Exception.. 17 F. PARTIES LIABLE UNDER STRICT LIABILITY THEORY.. 17 1. All Parties Placing PRODUCTS in the Stream of Commerce.. 17 2. Persons Not Subject to Strict PRODUCTS LIABILITY .. 19 ii 3. Successor Corporations.. 21 G. PARTIES TO WHOM MANUFACTURERS/SUPPLIERS ARE LIABLE.. 22 1. Lawful Consumer or User of Product.. 22 2. Innocent Bystanders.. 22 3. Commercial Purchaser Exception.. 22 H. ESTABLISHMENT OF IDENTITY OF MANUFACTURER OR SELLER.. 23 1. In General.. 23 2. Market Share .. 23 I. DEFECTS EXISTING AT THE TIME OF SALE VERSUS DEFECTS ARISING LATER.. 25 III. NEGLIGENCE IN PRODUCTS LIABILITY ACTIONS.. 25 A. ESSENTIAL FACTUAL ELEMENTS, CACI.

4 25 B. DUTY.. 26 1. Standard. CACI .. 26 2. Persons To Whom Duty Is Owed.. 26 C. BREACH .. 26 1. General Rules.. 26 2. Violation of Statute .. 30 3. Res Ipsa Loquitur .. 30 4. Evidence of Subsequent Remedial Measures or Repairs.. 31 IV. BREACH OF WARRANTY .. 32 A. RELEVANT STATUTES .. 32 1. Uniform Commercial Code (" ") .. 32 2. CALIFORNIA Commercial Code.. 32 3. Song-Beverly Act.. 32 4. Magnusson-Moss Warranty Act.. 32 5. Burden of Proof. To establish a breach of warranty.. 32 B. EXPRESS WARRANTY.. 33 C. IMPLIED WARRANTY .. 33 1. Merchantability.. 33 2. Fitness for a Particular Purpose .. 33 3. Custom or Usage of Trade.. 33 D. EFFECT OF EXPRESS WARRANTIES ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES.. 34 iii 1. CALIFORNIA Commercial Code.

5 34 2. Song-Beverly Act.. 34 E. PRODUCTS SUBJECT TO ACTIONS FOR BREACH OF WARRANTY.. 34 1. In General .. 34 2. Effect of Improper Use .. 34 3. Contracts for Labor and Materials.. 34 F. TRANSACTIONS NOT SUBJECT TO WARRANTY.. 34 1. Transactions That Are Not Sales of Goods.. 34 2. Blood transfusions.. 35 G. PRIVITY OF CONTRACT.. 35 1. Former Law .. 35 2. Express Warranties .. 35 3. Implied Warranty of Merchantability.. 35 4. Implied Warranty of Fitness.. 35 H. NOTICE OF BREACH .. 35 1. "Reasonable Time" Defined .. 36 2. Exception .. 36 I. DISCLAIMERS AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES.. 36 1. Implied Warranties.. 36 2. Inadequate Disclaimers .. 36 J. WAIVER, EXCLUSION, OR MODIFICATION OF WARRANTIES .. 37 V. OTHER CLAIMS RELATING TO PRODUCTS LIABILITY .

6 37 A. Fraud and Deceit .. 37 B. Death Actions.. 37 C. Conspiracy.. 37 D. Unfair Competition Law ("UCL").. 37 VI. CAUSATION.. 38 A. IN GENERAL.. 38 B. EVIDENCE.. 38 C. RES IPSA LOQUITUR.. 38 VII. POTENTIAL DEFENSES AND CROSS-CLAIMS .. 39 A. PRODUCT MISUSE OR MODIFICATION.. 39 iv B. UNAVOIDABLY UNSAFE PRODUCTS .. 39 1. Public Policy.. 39 2. Drugs and Vaccines.. 40 C. ADEQUATE WARNING .. 40 1. Failure to Install Feasible Safety Devices on Dangerous Machines.. 40 2. Product Sold in Bulk to Distributor .. 40 D. COMPARATIVE FAULT .. 40 1. Pure Comparative Fault Applies in CALIFORNIA .. 41 2. Fault of Others.. 41 3. Jury 42 E. COMPARATIVE 43 1. General Rules and Theories.. 43 2. Persons Against Whom Indemnity May Be Sought.

7 44 3. Good Faith Settlements.. 45 F. ASSUMPTION OF THE RISK.. 46 1. Primary Assumption of Risk .. 46 2. Secondary Assumption of Risk .. 47 3. No Assumption of the Risk in Certain Cases .. 47 4. Express Contractual Assumption of Risk.. 47 G. COMMONLY KNOWN DANGERS .. 48 1. CALIFORNIA Civil Code, Section 48 2. CALIFORNIA Civil Code, Section Repealed in 2002.. 49 H. SOPHISTICATED USER DEFENSE.. 49 1. Jury 49 2. Availability.. 49 3. Time of Injury.. 50 I. SPOLIATION OF EVIDENCE.. 50 1. As a Tort Cause of Action.. 50 2. As an Affirmative Defense or Basis for Sanctions or Other Relief .. 52 J. WORKER'S COMPENSATION: EXCLUSIVE REMEDY.. 53 1. General Rule.. 53 2. Statutory Exception to the Worker s Compensation Exclusive Remedy Rule.

8 54 v K. PREEMPTION BY FEDERAL 55 1. The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.. 55 2. The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act.. 56 3. Safety Appliance Acts .. 56 4. Boiler Inspection Act .. 57 5. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act .. 57 6. Federal Boat Safety Act.. 57 7. Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act.. 57 8. Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety 57 L. STATUTORY COMPLIANCE.. 57 M. GOVERNMENTAL IMMUNITY.. 58 N. DEFENSES IN BREACH OF WARRANTY ACTIONS.. 58 1. No Sale.. 58 2. Absence of Privity of Contract .. 58 3. Failure to Notify Seller of Breach.. 59 4. Disclaimer.. 59 VIII. DAMAGES .. 59 A. IN 59 B. DAMAGES IN NEGLIGENCE CASES.. 60 1. Compensatory DamageS.. 60 2. Enhanced Injury Damages (Crashworthiness).

9 60 C. DAMAGES IN STRICT LIABILITY CASES.. 61 1. No Pure Economic Loss.. 61 2. Punitive Damages.. 61 D. DAMAGES IN BREACH OF WARRANTY ACTIONS.. 61 1. Damages for Injuries to the Person and Property .. 61 2. Economic or Commercial Loss.. 62 3. Lost 62 4. Punitive .. 62 E. DAMAGES IN FRAUD AND DECEIT 62 1. Measure of Damages.. 63 2. Punitive .. 63 vi F. JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY IN COMPARATIVE FAULT CASES (PROPOSITION 51).. 63 1. General .. 63 2. Effect of Proposition 51 ( CALIFORNIA Civil Code, Section 1431, et seq.).. 63 3. Proposition 51 Is Applicable to Parties at Fault.. 63 4. Allocation of .. 65 5. Set-off From Award of Economic Damages in Amount of Worker's Compensation Benefits.. 67 G. COLLATERAL SOURCE RULE.

10 68 H. PROPOSITION 213 NOT .. 68 I. PUNITIVE DAMAGES.. 68 1. Oppression, Fraud or Malice Required.. 68 2. Pleading and Proof.. 69 3. Limitations.. 70 IX. PRELIMINARY PROCEDURAL MATTERS .. 72 A. PERSONAL JURISDICTION OVER DEFENDANTS.. 72 1. Domestic Defendants.. 72 2. Foreign .. 74 B. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS.. 74 1. Exception: the Discovery Rule .. 74 2. No Statute of Repose in .. 75 X. DISCOVERY .. 75 A. ELECTRONICALLY STORED INFORMATION (ESI).. 75 1. Definitions.. 75 2.. 76 3. Subpoenas and .. 76 4. Protective 76 5. Inadvertently Produced .. 76 B. INSURANCE POLICIES ARE .. 76 1. Objections to Discovery Requesting Insurance Application .. 77 C. DISCOVERY RE: EXPERTS.. 77 1. In Federal Court.. 77 2. In State Court.


Related search queries