1 Department of Health Child abuse and neglect education module Responsibility, recognising and reporting A resource for the interdisciplinary team Child abuse and neglect education module : Responsibility, recognising and reporting A resource for the interdisciplinary team Published by the State of Queensland ( Queensland Health), March 2013. This work is licensed under a Government Information Licensing Framework Restrictive Licence. In essence, use of this material is limited according to agreed permissions and restrictions imposed by System Policy and Performance Division, Department of Health. State of Queensland ( Queensland Health) . For more information contact: Deputy Director-General, System Policy and Performance Division, Department of Health PO Box 48, Brisbane Qld 4001. Telephone: 3234 0461.
2 Email: For a Restrictive Licence Agreement contact: Intellectual Property Officer Department of Health PO Box 48, Brisbane Qld 4001. Telephone: 3234 1479. Email: Photo: Thinkstock image library Contents Target 4. Reflective 4. Format for developing a case 4. Personal 4. Section 1: 5. Overarching 5. National 5. Queensland whole-of-government 6. Relevant 7. Reporting 7. Legal 9. 10. Section 2: 11. Definition of harm, abuse and 11. Recognising Child abuse and 13. Forming a reasonable suspicion of Child abuse and 15. Responding to children, parent/s and 16. 17. Section 3: 18. Making a 18. 22. Additional 23. Right to 24. Appendix A: Case Scenario 26. Scenario 26. Scenario 27. Child abuse and neglect education module : Responsibility, recognising and reporting Introduction Target group This module is available to all health professionals, specifically those who deliver services to children, young people and adults who have parental/carer responsibilities in relation to children and young people.
3 It will develop your capabilities, including responsibilities, the ability to recognise, and to build the confidence to report suspicion of Child abuse and neglect . This module is not intended to support the development of advanced practice. Reflective exercise In this module , you will be asked to answer questions about case scenarios. This will help you apply your learning to an actual clinical situation. You may develop your own scenario based on a clinical situation you have encountered or use one of the scenarios in Appendix A. If you wish to develop your own scenario, please use the format below. If, while writing your scenario, it appears there is insufficient detail relevant to the module , please use one of the scenarios provided in Appendix A. Format for developing a case scenario Please write down as much detail as you can about the following: Who was involved (children, adults, colleagues or agencies)?
4 What were the presenting issues (from the perspective of all key people)? When did you first become aware of this situation and what was the timeline of events (as far as you know) before, during and after your involvement? Where were you were working (the agency's role, your role within the agency and other disciplines represented)? Personal considerations Responding to children and young people who have been harmed or who are at risk of harm can be demanding and emotionally upsetting. No one is immune to the impact of its occurrence or exposure. In this module , you may be exposed to content, scenarios and reactions that you may relate to ( own experiences as a Child and/or as a parent). If this is the case, it is important you seek assistance and support from your colleagues, manager or contact the Employment Assistance Scheme (EAS).
5 Please refer to your Hospital and Health Service EAS policy for details about accessing this service should you need support as a result of the content in this module . 4. Department of Health Section 1: Responsibility Objectives Once you have completed Section 1 you will be able to: 1. Describe your legislative and/or duty of care responsibility to report your suspicion of Child abuse and neglect . 2. Describe your specific discipline's professional and/or competency standards, code of conduct and/or ethical behaviours in relation to Child protection. 3. Describe the legislative and policy provisions in relation to unborn children who may be at risk of harm following their birth. 4. Describe the legislative protections you have in reporting your suspicion of Child abuse and neglect . 5. Apply the above points to a specific practice scenario.
6 Overarching principles As adults we have an obligation to ensure our children are protected and cared for so they can grow and develop to their full potential. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasises children have their own rights and entitlements, and because of their youth they need extra protection. In line with Australia's obligations as signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child the following principles apply: all children have a right to grow up in an environment free from neglect and abuse their best interests are paramount children and their families have the right to participate in decisions affecting them improving the safety and wellbeing of children is a national priority the safety and wellbeing of children is primarily the responsibility of their family, who should be supported by their community and government Australian society values, supports and works in partnership with parents, families and others in fulfilling their caring responsibilities for children children's rights are upheld by systems and institutions policies and interventions are evidence based.
7 National framework The same principles underpin the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) endorsed National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009 2020. The framework guides how the Australian Government will work with non-government organisations to ensure children and young people are safe and well. Child abuse and neglect is recognised as one of Australia's most serious concerns a collaborative approach is required by all levels of government and non-government organisations to improve the lives and opportunities of children and their families. 5. Child abuse and neglect education module : Responsibility, recognising and reporting Queensland whole-of-government approach The Queensland Government is committed to protecting children and young people from harm. The department partners with the Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services (DCCSDS); Queensland Police Service (QPS).
8 And Department of education , Training and Employment (DETE) in a number of forums to ensure the safety and wellbeing of children and young people. Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services The Child Protection Act 1999 is the overarching legislation relating to the protection, welfare and best interests of children and young people, and is administered by DCCSDS. The role of Child Safety Services (CSS) is to: investigate reports that allege a Child has been harmed or is at risk of harm ensure an ongoing provision of services to children who have been assessed as experiencing, or being at risk of experiencing, significant harm in the future act as the lead agency in facilitating a whole-of-government response to Child protection issues including the SCAN. and ICM. The Director-General (also the Chief Executive) and all Child safety officers from CSS are authorised officers under Section 149 of the Child Protection Act 1999.
9 They have the power to investigate allegations of harm or alleged risk of harm to a Child , and assess the Child 's need of protection or take appropriate action under the Child Protection Act 1999. The information exchange' provisions contained in Chapter 5A of the Child Protection Act 1999 provides an entitlement for certain service providers ( health, Child safety, community services, education and police officers) to share or exchange confidential information about a Child where it is done so in accordance with the Act to meet the protection and care needs of children and promote their wellbeing. Queensland Police Service Queensland police officers have legal provisions within the Child Protection Act 1999 for Child protection investigations and responses, given the possibility of the commission of a criminal offence related to the alleged harm to a child1.
10 Section 159O of the Child Protection Act 1999 says all health professionals are allowed to provide confidential information directly to Queensland police officers if it is relevant to the protection or wellbeing of a Child . Department of education , Training and Employment Senior guidance officers are core member agency representative of SCAN teams across Queensland . They assist state and non-state school principals with the referral of cases to an ICM or SCAN team meeting subject to the respective referral criteria. 1 Section 14(2) of the Child Protection Act 1999. 6. Department of Health Relevant legislation The legal responsibilities of health professionals in Queensland are outlined in the following Sections of the relevant Acts: Public Health Act 2005. Sections 158, 191 and 192 (mandatory reporting). Sections 195, 196 (protection from liability and confidentiality of notifiers).