1 FLASH APPEAL 2022. UKRAINE . HUMANITARIAN. PROGRAMME CYCLE. MARCH MAY 2022. 01. UKRAINE FLASH APPEAL 2022. Acknowledgements Get the latest updates This document is produced by the United Nations OCHA coordinates humanitarian action Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian to ensure crisis-affected people receive Affairs (OCHA) in collaboration with humanitarian the assistance and protection they need. It works to overcome obstacles partners in support of the national Government that impede humanitarian assistance of UKRAINE . It covers the three-month period from reaching people affected by crises, and provides leadership in mobilizing from March to May 2022 and is issued on assistance and resources on behalf of the 1 March 2022. humanitarian system COVER PICTURE. People passing by the former employment centre in Lysychansk, Luhanska Humanitarian Response aims to be the oblast. DRC/Oleksandr Ratushniak central website for Information Management tools and services, enabling information exchange between clusters and IASC.
2 The designations employed and the presentation of material in this report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United members operating within a protracted or Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authori- sudden onset crisis. ties, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Humanitarian InSight supports decision- makers by giving them access to key humanitarian data. It provides the latest verified information on needs and delivery of the humanitarian response as well as financial contributions. The Financial Tracking Service (FTS) is the primary provider of continuously updated data on global humanitarian funding, and is a major contributor to strategic decision making by highlighting gaps and priorities, thus contributing to effective, efficient and principled humanitarian assistance. 02. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
3 Table of contents 05 Crisis overview 08 Main humanitarian needs 10 Strategic objectives 11 Response strategy Annexes 14 Sector plans 14 Multi-Purpose Cash 16 Education 18 Food Security and Livelihoods 20 Health and Nutrition 24 Protection 27 Shelter and Non-Food Items 29 Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 31 Logistics 33 Emergency Telecommunications 34 Coordination Services 36 How to support this FLASH APPEAL 37 List of acronyms 03. UKRAINE FLASH APPEAL 2022. UKRAINE FLASH APPEAL 2022*. TOTAL POPULATION PEOPLE AFFECTED PEOPLE IN NEED PEOPLE TARGETED REQUIREMENTS (US$). M 18 M. Of whom IDPs 12M. Of whom IDPs 6M. Of whom IDPs $ * With the scale and direction of the ongoing military operation, 18 million people are projected to become affected, including up to million people projected to be newly internally displaced. Of the affected population, 12 million people are expected to need humanitarian assistance, and 6 million with the most urgent humanitarian needs will be assisted with the resources required under this FLASH APPEAL , including million IDPs covering the initial period of three months.
4 The FLASH APPEAL 2022 supersedes the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), as of 1 March. A revision of the 2022 HRP is envisaged in the coming months. BEL A R U S. Chernihiv RIVNENSKA RUSSIAN FED ERATION. VOLYNSKA CHERNIHIVSKA. Lutsk POL A ND Rivne SUMSKA Sumy ZHYTOMYRSKA Kyiv Zhytomyr Kharkiv POLTAVSKA. Lviv KHMELNYTSKA. Ternopil KYIVSKA. Khmelnytskyi KHARKIVSKA LUHANSKA. LVIVSKA Poltava TERNOPILSKA Cherkasy Vinnytsia Sievierodonetsk Ivano-Frankivsk CHERKASKA. SLOVAK IA IVANO- VINNYTSKA. Uzhhorod FRANKIVSKA Kropyvnytskyi Dnipro Kramatorsk ZAKARPATSKA CHERNIVETSKA KIROVOHRADSKA Luhansk Contact line . DNIPROPETROVSKA DONETSKA as of August Chernivtsi 2018. H U NG ARY Kryvyi Rih Donetsk M O L D OVA Zaporizhzhia MYKOLAIVSKA. Mariupol Mykolaiv ZAPORIZKA. Odesa Kherson KHERSONSKA. R OM A N IA ODESKA Sea of Azov AUTONOMOUS. REPUBLIC OF. CRIMEA. Simferopol Sevastopol Black Sea BU L GARIA. Projections based on scale Total people affected Displacements in oblasts and direction of the ongoing > 2M - 1M 500K.
5 Military operation 1M - 2M < M 250K. 100K. 04. CRISIS OVERVIEW. Crisis overview The security situation in UKRAINE ordnance-contamination, and the impact of COVID-19. deteriorated rapidly following the launch In these conflict-affected oblasts, some million people were already in need of humanitarian assis- of a Russian Federation military offensive tance prior to the latest escalation in on 24 February 2022. The armed violence escalated in at least eight oblasts (regions), The humanitarian community has prepared for and is including Kyivska oblast and the capital rapidly adapting to the unfolding situation, based on the Inter-Agency Contingency Plan updated in early city of Kyiv, as well as in the eastern 2022 ahead of the onset of the crisis. As anticipated oblasts Donetska and Luhanska which in a worst-case scenario, the violence has prompted were already affected by conflict. a steep escalation in needs and a significant expan- The intense military escalation has resulted in loss of sion of the areas in which humanitarian assistance is life, injuries and mass movement of civilian population required compared to the 2022 HRP.
6 The type of needs throughout the country and to neighbouring countries, and humanitarian activities required in Donetska and as well as severe destruction and damage to civilian in- Luhanska oblasts have also shifted as a result of the frastructure and residential housing. Public service pro- new extent of hostilities. vision - water, electricity, heating and emergency health For a rapid scale-up of principled and effective human- and social services - is under severe pressure, and itarian response in existing and new areas of UKRAINE people's access to health care is limited by insecurity. for a duration of the three months from March to May Primary services such as banking, social transfers and 2022, humanitarian partners require US$ billion to transport have been affected, as have basic services, help more than 6 million people in need. Immediate such as health, water, and electricity, and local admin- and urgent funding will be crucial for meeting existing istration.
7 With the continuation of the military operation and new humanitarian needs of millions of civilians and mounting insecurity, supply chains are likely to be caught in the middle of escalated hostilities. The fund- disrupted for a prolonged period of time. The ability of ing currently available for humanitarian operations in local authorities to sustain a minimum level of services UKRAINE is extremely limited, with the 2022 HRP funded has also been severely hampered, as employees have with less than $18 million ( per cent of requirements fled or can no longer access their workplace. as of 26 February 2022). The ongoing armed violence and rapidly deteriorating security environment throughout the country has put hundreds of thousands of people's lives at risk. The Most affected areas expansion of the conflict is projected to deepen and The escalating insecurity affects the capital and expand humanitarian needs among millions of Ukraini- a vast area of Donetska and Luhanska oblasts, as ans.
8 It is also exacerbating human suffering in eastern well as multiple new locations referred to as newly UKRAINE , an area which has already been exposed to impacted areas , including but not limited to Kyivska, eight years of armed conflict, isolation of communi- Kharkivska, Khersonska, Mykolaivska, Odessa, Sumy, ties, deteriorating infrastructure, multiple movement and Zhytomyrska oblasts. restrictions, high levels of landmine and unexploded 1. UKRAINE Humanitarian Needs Overview 2022. 05. UKRAINE FLASH APPEAL 2022. LYSYCHANSK, LUHANSKA OBLAST. An older woman standing amid debris from the nearby barn, which was heavily damaged by shelling. OCHA/Agron Dragaj Affected population badly affected. Health services already massively The intensity of the armed violence in UKRAINE is having weakened by the cumulative effects of years of conflict a severe humanitarian impact on the population. As a as well as the multiple waves of COVID-19 have result of insecurity, people are fleeing from their homes also deteriorated rapidly due to shortages of medical in high-risk and the most-exposed areas in search of supplies and personnel relative to the current scale of safety, many of whom were already displaced multiple needs.
9 Access to emergency medical services, includ- times by previous fighting. As of 27 February 2022, at ing reproductive health services, has become even least 368,000 people have already crossed into neigh- more challenging amid insecurity. Local authorities'. boring countries, according to UNHCR. Many more capacities to provide social protection services are continue moving towards UKRAINE 's borders. overstretched, partially due to the impact of the recent decentralization. The disruption of basic services, as Particularly vulnerable groups include older persons well as significant infrastructure and economic losses, and persons with disabilities, who may be unable to is not only exacerbating the pre-existing humanitarian flee or may stay in the impacted areas, resulting in situation, but also generating critical new humanitarian risks to their lives, struggles to meet daily needs and needs that must be addressed urgently. challenges in accessing humanitarian assistance.
10 Women and girls, already susceptible to various forms In Donetska and Luhanska oblasts, most of the vulnera- of gender based violence, particularly transactional ble population are older persons who, according to the sex, survival sex and sexual exploitation and abuse, demographics of the area and associated vulnerabilities will be even further at risk of gender based violence, in- analyzed and documented in the 2022 HNO and HRP, cluding conflict related sexual violence. The remaining constitute over 30 per cent of people in need (the high- population, even those currently not directly affected est proportion compared to other global emergencies), by security incidents and fighting, are facing reduced or with others being persons with disabilities, women and disrupted services, with water, heating, electricity sup- children. Due to the ongoing military offensive, males ply as well as transportation and telecommunications aged between 18 and 60 years old are banned from 06.