1 GUIDE SPECIFICATION FOR. PLANT-PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS. PART 1: GENERAL. REFERENCES. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS. SUBMITTALS. Preconstruction Submittals Shop Drawings precast CONCRETE Unit Data Design Data Test Reports Certificates DESIGN. Standard precast CONCRETE Unit Design Non-Standard precast CONCRETE Unit Design Franchise precast CONCRETE Units Joints and Sealants CONCRETE Mix Design CONCRETE Proportions Durability and Performance Requirements CONCRETE Compressive Strength Water Cement Ratio Air Content QUALITY ASSURANCE. NPCA Plant Certification Qualifications, Quality Control and Inspection Qualifications Quality Control Inspection HANDLING, STORAGE AND DELIVERY. Handling Storage Delivery Final Acceptance PART 2: precast CONCRETE UNITS. MANUFACTURERS. MATERIALS. Cement Silica Fume Fly Ash and Pozzolans Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag Water Aggregates Aggregate Selection Aggregates for Lightweight CONCRETE Admixtures Air-Entraining Accelerating, Retarding, Water Reducing [Moderate to High].
2 Pigments Corrosion Inhibitors Reinforcement Reinforcing Bars Deformed Billet-steel Deformed Low-alloy steel Reinforcing Wire Plain Wire Deformed Wire Welded Wire Reinforcement Plain Wire Deformed Wire Epoxy-Coated Reinforcement Reinforcing Bars Wire and Welded Wire Reinforcement Galvanized Reinforcement Inserts and Embedded Metal Structural Steel Plates, Angles, etc. Hot-dipped Galvanized Proprietary Items Joint Sealants and Joint Gaskets Rubber Gaskets for Circular CONCRETE Sewer Pipe and Culvert Pipe External Sealing Bands for Noncircular Sewer, Storm Drain and Culvert Pipe Preformed Flexible Joint Sealants for CONCRETE Pipe, Manholes, and Manufactured Box Sections Elastomeric Joint Sealants Pipe Entry Connectors Grout Nonshrink Grout Cementitious Grout MANUFACTURE. Forms Reinforcement Embedded Items CONCRETE CONCRETE Mixing CONCRETE Placing Cold Weather Concreting Hot Weather Concreting CONCRETE Curing Curing by Moisture Retention Curing with Heat and Moisture Surface Finish Formed Non-Architectural Surfaces Unformed Surfaces Special Finishes Architectural Finishes Stripping precast CONCRETE Units From Forms Patching and Repair Repairing Minor Defects Repairing Honeycombed Areas Repairing Major Defects Shipping precast CONCRETE Units PART 3: EXECUTION.
3 INSTALLATION. Site Access Installation Watertightness FIELD QUALITY CONTROL. Job Site tests Vacuum Testing Hydrostatic Testing **. NOTE: This GUIDE SPECIFICATION covers the requirements for plant manufactured precast CONCRETE products. Comments and suggestions regarding this SPECIFICATION are welcome and should be directed to the NPCA Technical Services Department. Please visit the NPCA Web site at Brackets are used in the text to indicate designer choices or locations where text must be supplied by the designer. **. PART 1: GENERAL. REFERENCES. Where applicable, the latest editions of the following standards shall form a part of this SPECIFICATION to the extent referenced. The publications are referenced to in the text of this GUIDE SPECIFICATION by the basic designation only. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges GUIDE Specifications for Structural Design of Sound Barriers Standard SPECIFICATION for Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling and Testing ACI INTERNATIONAL (ACI).
4 ACI Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight, and Mass CONCRETE ACI Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Structural Lightweight CONCRETE ACI GUIDE for Selecting Proportions for No-Slump CONCRETE ACI 304R GUIDE for Measuring, Mixing, Transporting, and Placing CONCRETE ACI 305R Hot Weather Concreting ACI 306R Cold Weather Concreting ACI 309R Consolidation of CONCRETE ACI 318 Building Code Requirements for Structural CONCRETE ACI 350 Code Requirements for Environmental Engineering CONCRETE Structures and Commentary ACI Accelerated Curing of CONCRETE at Atmospheric Pressure AMERICAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION (ACPA). ACPA CONCRETE Pipe Handbook ACPA Design Manual ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM). ASTM A 36 SPECIFICATION for Carbon Structural Steel SPECIFICATION for Steel Wire, Plain, for CONCRETE ASTM A 82 Reinforcement SPECIFICATION for Fabricated Deformed Steel Mats for ASTM A 184 CONCRETE Reinforcement SPECIFICATION for Steel Welded Wire Reinforcement, ASTM A 185 Plain, for CONCRETE SPECIFICATION for Steel Wire, Deformed, for CONCRETE ASTM A 496 Reinforcement SPECIFICATION for Steel Welded Wire Reinforcement, ASTM A 497 Deformed, for CONCRETE SPECIFICATION for Deformed and Plain Billet-Steel Bars ASTM A 615 for CONCRETE Reinforcement SPECIFICATION for Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain ASTM A 706 Bars for CONCRETE Reinforcement SPECIFICATION for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized)
5 Steel Bars ASTM A 767 for CONCRETE Reinforcement ASTM A 775 SPECIFICATION for Epoxy-Coated Reinforcing Steel Bars SPECIFICATION for Epoxy-Coated Steel and Welded ASTM A 884 Wire Fabric for Reinforcement Standard SPECIFICATION for CONCRETE Sewer, Storm ASTM C 14 Drain, and Culvert Pipe Standard Practice for Making and Curing CONCRETE ASTM C 31 Test Specimens in the Field ASTM C 33 SPECIFICATION for CONCRETE Aggregates Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical ASTM C 39 CONCRETE Specimens Test Method for Organic Impurities in Fine ASTM C 40 Aggregates for CONCRETE Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores ASTM C 42 and Sawed Beams of CONCRETE Standard Test Method for Surface Moisture in Fine ASTM C 70 Aggregate SPECIFICATION for Reinforced CONCRETE Culvert, Storm ASTM C 76 Drain and Sewer Pipe Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of CONCRETE (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point ASTM C 78 Loading).
6 ASTM C 94 SPECIFICATION for Ready-Mixed CONCRETE Standard Test Method for Materials Finer than 75- m ASTM C 117 (No. 200) Sieve in Mineral Aggregates by Washing Standard Test Method for Lightweight Particles in ASTM C 123 Aggregate Standard Terminology Relating to CONCRETE and ASTM C 125 CONCRETE Aggregates Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse ASTM C 136 Aggregates Test Method for Density (Unit Weight), Yield, and Air ASTM C 138 Content (Gravimetric) of CONCRETE Standard Test Method for Clay Lumps and Friable ASTM C 142 Particles in Aggregates ASTM C 143 Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic Cement CONCRETE ASTM C 150 SPECIFICATION for Portland Cement Standard Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed ASTM C 172 CONCRETE Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed ASTM C 173 CONCRETE by Volumetric Method Practice for Making and Curing CONCRETE Test ASTM C 192 Specimens in the Laboratory Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed ASTM C 231 CONCRETE by the Pressure Method SPECIFICATION for Air-Entraining Admixtures for ASTM C 260 CONCRETE SPECIFICATION for Lightweight Aggregates for Structural ASTM C 330 CONCRETE SPECIFICATION for Reinforced CONCRETE Low-Head ASTM C 361 Pressure Pipe Test Method for Time of Setting of CONCRETE Mixtures ASTM C 403 by Penetration Resistance SPECIFICATION for Joints for Circular CONCRETE Sewer ASTM C 443 and Culvert Pipe.
7 Using Rubber Gaskets SPECIFICATION for precast Reinforced CONCRETE ASTM C 478 Manhole Sections Standard SPECIFICATION for Chemical Admixtures for ASTM C 494 CONCRETE Test Methods for CONCRETE Pipe, Manhole Sections, ASTM C 497 or Tile Standard SPECIFICATION for Reinforced CONCRETE Arch ASTM C 506 Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe Standard SPECIFICATION for Reinforced CONCRETE ASTM C 507 Elliptical Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe Test Method for Total Evaporable Moisture Content of ASTM C 566 Aggregate by Drying ASTM C 595 SPECIFICATION for Blended Hydraulic Cements Standard Practice for Capping Cylindrical CONCRETE ASTM C 617 Specimens SPECIFICATION for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use as a Mineral Admixture in ASTM C 618 CONCRETE Standard SPECIFICATION for Reinforced CONCRETE D- ASTM C 655 Load Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe Test Method for Resistance of CONCRETE to Rapid ASTM C 666 Freezing and Thawing SPECIFICATION for CONCRETE Made by Volumetric ASTM C 685 Batching and Continuous Mixing Test Method for Rebound Number of Hardened ASTM C 805 CONCRETE Standard Terminology Relating to CONCRETE Pipe and ASTM C 822 Related Products ASTM C 825 SPECIFICATION for precast CONCRETE Barriers Practice for Minimum Structural Design Loading for ASTM C 857 Underground precast CONCRETE Utility Structures SPECIFICATION for Underground precast CONCRETE Utility ASTM C 858 Structures SPECIFICATION for External Sealing Bands for CONCRETE ASTM C 877 Pipe.
8 Manholes and precast Box Sections Practice for Minimum Structural Design Loading for Monolithic or Sectional precast CONCRETE Water and ASTM C 890 Wastewater Structures Practice for Installation of Underground precast ASTM C 891 CONCRETE Utility Structures SPECIFICATION for precast CONCRETE Water and ASTM C 913 Wastewater Structures SPECIFICATION for precast Reinforced CONCRETE Crib ASTM C 915 Wall Members ASTM C 920 SPECIFICATION for Elastomeric Joint Sealants SPECIFICATION for Resilient Connectors Between Reinforced CONCRETE Manhole Structures, Pipes, and ASTM C 923 Laterals Practice for Testing CONCRETE Pipe Sewer Lines by ASTM C 924 Low-Pressure Air Test Method SPECIFICATION for Pigments for Integrally Colored ASTM C 979 CONCRETE Standard SPECIFICATION for Nonreinforced CONCRETE Specified Strength Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer ASTM C 985 Pipe SPECIFICATION for Joints for CONCRETE Pipe, Manholes, and precast Box Sections Using Preformed Flexible ASTM C 990 Joint Sealants Test Method for Flexural Toughness and First-Crack Strength of Fiber-Reinforced CONCRETE (Using Beam ASTM C 1018 with Third-Point Loading).
9 Practice for Inspection of Underground precast ASTM C 1037 CONCRETE Utility Structures Standard Test Method for Temperature of Freshly ASTM C 1064 Mixed Portland Cement CONCRETE Standard SPECIFICATION for Packaged Dry, Hydraulic- ASTM C 1107 Cement Grout (Nonshrink). Standard SPECIFICATION for Fiber-Reinforced CONCRETE ASTM C 1116 and Shotcrete Standard SPECIFICATION for Admixtures to Inhibit Chloride-Induced Corrosion of Reinforcing Steel in ASTM C 1582 CONCRETE Standard Test Method for CONCRETE Pipe Sewerlines ASTM C 1214 by Negative Air Pressure (Vacuum) Test Method Standard SPECIFICATION for precast CONCRETE Septic ASTM C 1227 Tanks Standard Practice for Use of Unbonded Caps in Determination of Compressive Strength of Hardened ASTM C 1231 CONCRETE Cylinders Standard SPECIFICATION for Use of Silica Fume for Use as a Mineral Admixture in Hydraulic-Cement ASTM C 1240 CONCRETE , Mortar, and Grout Standard Test Method for CONCRETE Sewer Manholes by the Negative Air Pressure (Vacuum) Test Prior to ASTM C 1244 Backfill Standard Test Method for Potential Alkali Reactivity of ASTM C 1260 Aggregates (Mortar-Bar Method).
10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Length ASTM C 1293 Change of CONCRETE Due to Alkali-Silica Reaction Test Method for Obtaining Average Residual-Strength ASTM C 1399 of Fiber-Reinforced CONCRETE Standard SPECIFICATION for precast Reinforced CONCRETE Box Sections for Culverts, Storm Drains and ASTM C 1433 Sewers Standard SPECIFICATION for Storm Drain Resilient Connectors Between Reinforced CONCRETE Storm ASTM C 1478 Sewer Structures, Pipes and Laterals Standard SPECIFICATION for Manufacture of precast Reinforced CONCRETE Three-Sided Structures for ASTM C 1504 Culverts, Storm Drains Standard Test Method for Flexural Toughness of Fiber Reinforced CONCRETE (Using Centrally Loaded ASTM C 1550 Round Panel). Standard SPECIFICATION for Mixing Water Used in the ASTM C 1602 Production of Hydraulic Cement CONCRETE Standard Test Method for Measurement of Solids in ASTM C 1603 Water Standard Test Method for Slump Flow of Self- ASTM C 1611 Consolidating CONCRETE Standard SPECIFICATION for precast CONCRETE Grease ASTM C1613 Interceptors Standard Test Method for Rubber Property.