1 Example Outcomes Example Outcomes The following examples are taken from real Routines-Based Interviews, which produced the Informal goals below. The format for the Observable goals, which is used interchangeably with outcomes, and for the Criteria are from our model for early intervention in natural environments ( ). Child-Level Goals Informal goal Observable goal Criteria for accomplishment (We will know he or she can do this when ). Communicate his needs [Child] will participate in meals, play He uses four single words in one day, for 3 consecutive (drink, don't feel well, eat, times, hanging out, outside time) by days. more, play, TV, outside) communicating his needs.
2 Eating with combination of [Child] will participate in meals by eating He eats 3 portions (1/4-1/2 cup/portion) of food with a textures; vegetables, fruits foods having a combination of textures. combination of textures ( , pasta with sauce) in 1. week. Hand washing water rinsing [Child] will participate in toileting and He independently washes his hands, including rinsing, preparing for meals by washing his after toileting or on hearing that a meal is ready, 2 times hands, including rinsing them. a day for 5 consecutive days. Identifying objects (in a book, [Child] will participate in book reading, He correctly points to 5 named (i. e., Where's the on body), to see where he is dressing, bathing, and toileting by bunny?)
3 Objects in books or 5 named body parts in 1. cognitively pointing to named objects or body parts day. ( , Where's the bunny?). Transitions ( , from park) [Child] will participate in outings to the He moves on to the next activity ( , begins walk when he has to stop doing park and play times at home by moving home or to the car) with no fussing on 3 out of 5. something fun on to something else when he is told to. transitions in a week for 3 consecutive weeks. Making sounds (playing with [Child] will participate in playing with He makes 15 separate cooing or babbling sounds for 3. Chris, diaper, reading, play, his father, diaper change, reading time, consecutive minutes during any three of these times of feeding) play time, and feeding by making sounds.
4 Day in 1 day. Responding to Julie and Chris [Child] will participate in reading time, He makes a sound or looks at Julie or Chris within three during reading, play, meals play time, and meals by responding to his seconds of their trying to get his attention, once in each parents. of these times of day, for 3 consecutive days. Reach (playing on floor, bath, [Child] will participate in playing time on He reaches his arm towards a person or object once in R. A. McWilliam Page 1 4/28/2008. Example Outcomes swim class, music, feeding) the floor, bath, swim class, music, or any 3 of these times of day for 3 consecutive days. feeding by reaching for people or objects. Batting for toys and splashing [Child] will participate in play and bath He bats 5 times at toys in a 15 minute play time or (play, bath) times by batting toys and splashing, splashes 5 times during a bath time on 3 consecutive respectively.
5 Days. Grasp things in front of him [Child] will participate in music, bath, He grasps an object once at each of these 3 times of day (music, bath, feeding) and feeding by grasp objects in front of in a day, for 3 consecutive days. him. Rolling both ways, pushing up [Child] will participate in play time on He does each of these movements in 1 play time on 3. (play) the floor by rolling from his stomach to different days in 1 week. his back, rolling from his back to his stomach, and pushing up on his arms. Sitting unassisted (music, [Child] will participate in music, bath He sits without support in each of these times of day for bath, feeding) time, and feeding by sitting unassisted.
6 3 minutes in 1 day. Samantha communicate, esp. Samantha will participate in waking up She says, I love you 3 times in 1 week, when Sue I love you at wake up and time and meals by communicating. enters her room, and when she names 2 foods ( , not what to eat at meals in view) she wants in 1 week. Eat without stuffing Samantha will participate in meals by She puts one spoonful of food in her mouth, chews it, chewing and swallowing her food, one and swallows it, before putting the next spoonful in her mouthful at a time. mouth, 4 times in a meal for 5 consecutive meals. Cup drinking Samantha will participate in meals by She drinks 3 oz from a cup with no lid, with no spilling, drinking from a cup.
7 During every meal for 5 consecutive days. Eat with utensils Samantha will participate in meals by She uses a spoon or fork for 5 minutes in lunch AND. eating with utensils. dinner for 5 consecutive days. Potty training Samantha will participate in toileting by She indicates she needs to go ( , before an accident ). indicating she needs to go. 5 times in 1 week. Dressing independently Samantha will participate in dressing She puts on her shirt, pants, and socks or shoes, without time by putting on her clothes any help, for 5 days in 1 week. independently. Play with toys appropriately at Samantha will participate in hanging-out She plays appropriately (by parents' judgment) with 3.
8 Hanging-out times times by playing with toys appropriately. different toys for 3 minutes each in 1 week. Emily will extend arms at Emily will participate in dressing time by She pushes her arms through the sleeves of her shirt, dressing extending her arms. without help, 7 times in 1 week. R. A. McWilliam Page 2 4/28/2008. Example Outcomes Play without head banging Emily will participate in play times by She goes for the entire day without banging her head for (because of child care) playing without banging her head. 5 consecutive days. Communicate Mama, no, up, Emily will participate in meals, play She uses at least 3 different words at 3 separate times in cup, Dada, etc.
9 Time, and waking up time by using 1 day. words. Sit in car seat without self- [Child] will participate in car rides She plays with objects, points, sings, and talks, without stimulating with middle strap without self-stimulating. self-stimulating every day for 2 weeks. (for social reasons). Walk faster Emily will participate in outings by She can walk 1 yard in 2 seconds for 20 yards, with one keeping up with her parents while hand held, on three occasions per outing, once at the walking. grocery store, once at the mall, and once at church. Jenevae will move Jenevae will participate in toy play by She moves forward on her tummy 24 inches to obtain a independently (like crawling) moving independently.
10 Toy or person, twice a day for 3 consecutive days. Learn to play with more Jenevae will participate in toy play by She plays with 5 toys, using 3 different behaviors ( , complicated toys playing with toys that require different putting in, taking out, rolling, turning a handle, opening, behaviors. closing) with each toy, during 5 consecutive days. Say words Jenevae will participate in waking up, She says 1 identifiable word, not in imitation, during meals, and play time by saying words. waking up, 1 meal, and play time in 1 day. Pulling to stand Jenevae will participate in waking up, She pulls herself to stand in 2 of the 4 times of day play time, hanging out time, and outside identified for 5 consecutive days.