Transcription of Introduction to Basic Legal Citation
1 Introduction to Basic Legal Citation . PETER W. MARTIN. 2015 by Peter W. Martin Table of Contents PREFACE. 1-000. Basic Legal Citation : WHAT AND WHY? o 1-100. Introduction o 1-200. Purposes of Legal Citation o 1-300. Types of Citation Principles o 1-400. Levels of Mastery o 1-500. Citation in Transition o 1-600. Who Sets Citation Norms 2-000. HOW TO CITE .. o 2-100. Electronic Sources 2-110. Electronic Sources Core Elements 2-115. Electronic Sources Points of Difference in Citation Practice 2-120. Electronic Sources Variants and Special Cases o 2-200. Judicial Opinions 2-210. Case Citations Most Common Form 2-215. Case Citations Points of Difference in Citation Practice 2-220.
2 Case Citations Variants and Special Cases 2-225. Case Citations More Points of Difference in Citation Practice 2-230. Medium-Neutral Case Citations 2-240. Case Citations Conditional Items 2-250. Citing Unpublished Cases o 2-300. Constitutions, Statutes, and Similar Materials 2-310. Constitution Citations 2-320. Statute Citations Most Common Form 2-330. Statute Citations Conditional Items 2-335. Statute Citations Points of Difference in Citation Practice 2-340. Statute Citations Variants and Special Cases Session Laws Bills Named Statutes Internal Revenue Code Uniform Acts and Model Codes 2-350. Local Ordinance Citations 2-360.
3 Treaty Citations o 2-400. Agency and Executive Material 2-410. Regulation Citations Most Common Form 2-415. Regulation Citations Points of Difference in Citation Practice 2-420. Regulation Citations Variants and Special Cases 2-450. Agency Adjudication Citations i 2-455. Agency Adjudication Citations Points of Difference in Citation Practice 2-470. Agency Report Citations 2-480. Executive Orders and Proclamations Most Common Form 2-490. Citations to Attorney General and Other Advisory Opinions . Most Common Form o 2-500. Arbitration Decisions o 2-600. Court Rules o 2-700. Books 2-710. Book Citations Most Common Form 2-720. Book Citations Variants and Special Cases Institutional Authors Services Restatements Annotations o 2-800.
4 Articles and Other Law Journal Writing 2-810. Journal Article Citations Most Common Form 2-820. Journal Article Citations Variants and Special Cases Student Writing by a Named Student Unsigned Student Writing Book Reviews Symposia and the Like Tributes, Dedications and Other Specially Labeled Articles Articles in Journals with Separate Pagination in Each Issue o 2-900. Documents from Earlier Stages of the Same Case 3-000. EXAMPLES CITATIONS OF .. o 3-100. Electronic Sources o 3-200. Judicial Opinions 3-210. Case Citations Most Common Form Federal State 3-220. Case Citations Variants and Special Cases 3-230. Medium-Neutral Case Citations 3-240.
5 Case Citations Conditional Items o 3-300. Constitutions, Statutes, and Similar Materials 3-310. Constitutions 3-320. Statute Citations Most Common Form 3-340. Statute Citations Variants and Special Cases Session Laws Bills Named Statutes Internal Revenue Code Uniform Acts and Model Codes 3-350. Local Ordinance Citations 3-360. Treaty Citations o 3-400. Regulations, Other Agency and Executive Material ii 3-410. Regulation Citations Most Common Form 3-420. Regulation Citations Variants and Special Cases 3-450. Agency Adjudication Citations 3-470. Agency Report Citations 3-480. Citations to Executive Orders and Proclamations 3-490.
6 Citations to Attorney General and Other Advisory Opinions o 3-500. Arbitration Decisions o 3-600. Court Rules o 3-700. Books 3-710. Book Citations Most Common Form 3-720. Book Citations Variants and Special Cases Institutional Authors Services Restatements Annotations o 3-800. Articles and Other Law Journal Writing 3-810. Journal Article Citations Most Common Form 3-820. Journal Article Citations Variants and Special Cases Student Writing by a Named Student Unsigned Student Writing Book Reviews Symposia and the Like 4-000. ABBREVIATIONS AND OMISSIONS USED IN CITATIONS. o 4-100. Words in Case Names o 4-200. Case Histories o 4-300.
7 Omissions in Case Names o 4-400. Reporters and Courts o 4-500. States o 4-600. Months o 4-700. Journals o 4-800. Spacing and Periods o 4-900. Documents from Earlier Stages of a Case 5-000. UNDERLINING AND ITALICS. o 5-100. In Citations o 5-200. In Text o 5-300. Citation Items Not Italicized 6-000. PLACING CITATIONS IN CONTEXT. o 6-100. Quoting o 6-200. Citations and Related Text o 6-300. Signals o 6-400. Order o 6-500. Short Form Citations 6-520. Short Form Citations Cases 6-530. Short Form Citations Constitutions and Statutes 6-540. Short Form Citations Regulations 6-550. Short Form Citations Books iii 6-560. Short Form Citations Journal Articles o 6-600.
8 Context Examples o 6-700. Tables of Authorities 7-000. REFERENCE TABLES. o 7-100. Introduction o 7-200. Significant Changes in The Bluebook o 7-300. Cross Reference Table: The Bluebook o 7-400. Cross Reference Table: ALWD Guide to Legal Citation o 7-500. Table of State-Specific Norms and Practices TOPICAL INDEX. iv PREFACE Contents | Index This electronic publication was conceived in the summer of 1992. A small band of Cornell Law students, charged with identifying subjects on which computer-based materials would be particularly helpful, placed Citation at the top of the list. With their assistance I prepared the first edition of Introduction to Basic Legal Citation .
9 It was released on diskette that fall, one of the first hypertext publications of Cornell's Legal Information Institute (LII). Later reconfigured for the Web, where it still resides at: , the work has been updated regularly in the years since. Like that online version on which it is based, this e-book was most recently revised in the fall of 2015. It is indexed to the fifth edition of the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation and the new twentieth edition of The Bluebook. But it also rests firmly on the steadily evolving practice of judges writing opinions and lawyers writing briefs. A Few Tips on Using Introduction to Basic Legal Citation This is not a comprehensive Citation reference work.
10 Its limited aim is to serve as a tutorial on how to cite the most widely referenced types of Legal material, taking account of local norms and the changes in Citation practice forced by the shift from print to electronic sources. It begins with an introductory unit. That is followed immediately by one on "how to cite" the categories of authority that comprise a majority of the citations in briefs and Legal memoranda. Using the full table of contents one can proceed through this material in sequence. The third unit, organized around illustrative examples, is intended to be used either for review and reinforcement of the prior "how to" sections or as an alternative approach to them.