1 Introduction to the PlanIT . Urban Operating System . Architecture Ju ne 20 1 6, V ers i on 1 8. Introduction to PlanIT UOS Architecture The content contained herein includes confidential (non-public) information including intellectual property relating to creations of artistic works, inventions, business policies, practices, methodologies, data, symbols, names, images and designs used in commerce and details of commercial relationships with third parties. All such information is the sole property of Living PlanIT Living PlanIT asserts its rights to the following Trademarks: PlanIT Edgeless Computing , PlanIT Urban Operating System , PlanIT UOS , PlanIT OS , PlanIT Crumbs , PlanIT PlaceApps , PlanIT Valley , PlanIT Assurance , PlanIT Labs.
2 Any reference to these names in this content shall be considered as an assertion of these Trademarks. 2016 Living PlanIT SA ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2 of 51. Introduction to PlanIT UOS Architecture Contents Introduction to PlanIT UOS .. 5. Urbanization and Emerging Technologies .. 5. PlanIT UOS in the Context of Future-proof Cities .. 5. Living PlanIT .. 6. PlanIT UOS Overview .. 6. PlanIT UOS Architecture .. 7. Sensor/ Actuator Network 8. Controls Layer .. 8. Supervisory Layer .. 8. Applications (PlaceApps) .. 9. Benefits of PlanIT UOS Architecture .. 9. PlanIT UOS in Practice .. 10. PlanIT UOS and the Distributed/ Cloud Architecture .. 11. Controls Layer Distribution .. 11. Controls Layer Cloud Deployment .. 12. Supervisory Layer Distribution.
3 12. Supervisory Layer Tiering .. 13. Supervisory Layer Cloud Deployment .. 13. Supervisory Layer Hybrid 13. Leading Ideas for a Sustainable Urban Future .. 13. PlanIT UOS Architecture Features & Considerations .. 14. Key Features .. 14. Unified, Shared Model .. 14. Data 14. Data Management .. 15. Data Access .. 15. Publish-Subscribe Interface (Near-Real-Time Data) .. 16. Business Rules Engine and Framework .. 16. Scalability .. 17. Security .. 17. 19. Multinode .. 19. 21. RTC (Real-Time Control).. 25. Modeling Services .. 27. 2016 Living PlanIT SA ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 3 of 51. Introduction to PlanIT UOS Architecture Information Traceability and Rights Management .. 27. PlanIT UOS Capabilities Summary .. 28. Deployment Models.
5 47. Appendix 2: UOS Prerequisites for Installers .. 48. Introduction .. 48. Overall Hosting Environment .. 48. SQL Server Installation Type .. 49. Network Access and Domain-based Machine 49. SSL Certificate .. 50. External User ID (OAuth 2/ Open ID Connect ID) .. 50. 2016 Living PlanIT SA ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 4 of 51. Introduction to PlanIT UOS Architecture Introduction to PlanIT UOS. Urbanization and Emerging Technologies By the year 2050 more than 66% of the world's population is projected to live in cities with a continuing population growth estimated to add billion people to the world's population by that same year, unabatedly consuming the bulk of the world's resources (United Nations 2014). The world of government is changing amid increasing pressure to deliver to citizens, services that are not only economically sound, but environmentally viable and socially responsible.
6 However, change must be bold and swift if local and regional governments are to meet the increasing demand for services in a way that engages all citizens. Therefore, a new form of communication and provision of integrated services underpinned by cyberspace are quintessential for the improvement of delivery and performance of future citizens. The emergence of Internet services and an always-on culture has simultaneously raised expectations for government delivery particularly amongst younger citizens. Solutions are urgently required to manage city resources efficiently while also providing a platform for citizen services as a key enabler to economic and social development. As with other sectors that have benefited from technological innovation, urban development and operations will be significantly improved through the application of converging methods and technologies including: Systems thinking design architecture and interoperability that enables elements of the system to collaborate with others to maximize the use of resources surplus energy produced from renewable sources stored in water systems and automotive platforms etc.
7 Product lifecycle design and management application of manufacturing methodologies and techniques commonplace in other industries that takes advantage of modeling and simulation to design for future operations which in turn informs and enhances the design and fabrication of complex assets simulation of urban physics, spatial relationships, materials, human ergonomics, logistics and environment to predict outcomes and make informed engineering and design choices that reduces lifecycle costs and enables the continued augmentation of environments to meet users' needs. The Industrialization of the Internet (sometimes referred to as Machine to Machine Communication / M2M or latterly the Internet of Things or IoT ) the Internet has evolved from simple information sharing, through communication and collaboration and is now entering the era of ubiquitous connected devices.
8 These devices may be simple sensors or actuators, materials, mobile devices such as smart phones or wearable medical appliances through complex machines and infrastructure. Control systems are commoditized and replaced by network hardware that connect, interrogate (sense), analyze and control (actuate) devices, in turn harvesting intelligence that enables continuous improvements in the efficiency and reliability of city and citizens services. PlanIT UOS in the Context of Future-proof Cities This white paper explains the PlanIT Urban Operating System ( PlanIT UOS or UOS ), the industrial Internet platform and principal infrastructure that is integral to successfully envisioning, retrofitting, building and managing cities in the 21st century ( Smart , Intelligent or Living Cities ).
9 This includes recognition of the need for continual evolution; the importance of clear metrics and analytics; the increased connection between urban dwellers and the buildings in which they live and work; a sense of possibility and openness; increased efficiency; generative structures that learn; agile infrastructures 2016 Living PlanIT SA ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 5 of 51. Introduction to PlanIT UOS Architecture that serve multiple functions and respond to environmental and other changes; and resilient systems that can recover without breaking down or malfunctioning and that resist obsolescence (Resilience Engineering Association 2014). Many experts and commentators cite Living PlanIT as being the leading contender in providing more considered solutions to the problem of smart urbanization.
10 We thus envision Living Cities as generative, inclusive, agile, dynamically evolving and resilient. PlanIT UOS provides the essential platform that enables networked sensors and actuators to be deployed at scale, coordinated through a unified and secure real-time control layer which also shares and collects data across the entire urban landscape. This time series data converges with PlanIT UOS. spatial analytics to be mined for further insight enabling continual incremental efficiencies and applications that enhance urban services to drive economic, social and environmental development and new forms of human interaction. PlanIT UOS also provides a set of data and application services that facilitates the leveraging of building and city facilities and information by applications known as PlaceApps , making them location and context-aware.