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ISBN 978-92-1-126398-5 Report 2015 - Human Development

United Nations Development Programme One United Nations Plaza ISBN 978-92-1-126398-5 Human Development New York, NY 10017 Empowered lives. Resilient nations. Report 2015. Empowered lives. Work for Human Development Empowered lives. Resilient nations. Resilient nations. Human Development Report 2015 | Work for Human Development Human Development is all about enlarging Human choices across generations. Ultimately, work unleashes Human focusing on the richness of Human lives rather than simply potential, Human creativity and the Human spirit. the richness of economies. Critical to this process is work, But there is no automatic link between work and Human which engages people all over the world in different ways and Development and that some work, such as forced labour, takes up a major part of their lives.

The 2015 Human Development Report is the latest in the series of global Human Development Reports published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since 1990 as independent, analytically and empirically grounded discussions of major development issues, trends and policies.

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Transcription of ISBN 978-92-1-126398-5 Report 2015 - Human Development

1 United Nations Development Programme One United Nations Plaza ISBN 978-92-1-126398-5 Human Development New York, NY 10017 Empowered lives. Resilient nations. Report 2015. Empowered lives. Work for Human Development Empowered lives. Resilient nations. Resilient nations. Human Development Report 2015 | Work for Human Development Human Development is all about enlarging Human choices across generations. Ultimately, work unleashes Human focusing on the richness of Human lives rather than simply potential, Human creativity and the Human spirit. the richness of economies. Critical to this process is work, But there is no automatic link between work and Human which engages people all over the world in different ways and Development and that some work, such as forced labour, takes up a major part of their lives.

2 Of the world's billion can damage Human Development by violating Human rights, people, billion are in jobs, and others engage in care work, shattering Human dignity, and sacrificing freedom and creative work, and voluntary work or prepare themselves as autonomy. Some work, such as work in hazardous industries, future workers. also puts people at risk. And without proper policies, From a Human Development perspective, the notion of work work's unequal opportunities and rewards can be divisive, is broader and deeper than that of jobs or employment alone. perpetuating inequities in society. The jobs framework fails to capture many kinds of work that The fast changing world of work, driven by globalization of have important Human Development implications as with work and the digital revolution, presents opportunities, but at care work, voluntary work and such creative expression as the same time poses risks.

3 The benefits of this evolving new writing or painting. world of work is not equally distributed and there are winners The links between work and Human Development are and losers. Addressing imbalances in paid and unpaid synergistic. Work enhances Human Development by work will be a challenge, particularly for women, who are providing incomes and livelihoods, by reducing poverty, disadvantaged on both fronts. Creating work opportunities and by ensuring equitable growth. It also allows people to for both present and future generations would require moving participate fully in society while affording them a sense of towards sustainable work.

4 Dignity and worth. And work that involves caring for others Work can enhance Human Development when policies builds social cohesion and strengthens bonds within families expand productive, remunerative, satisfying and quality work and communities. opportunities enhance workers' skills and potential . Human beings working together not only increase material ensure their rights, safety, and well-being and specific well-being, they also accumulate a wide body of knowledge strategies are targeted to particular issues and groups of that is the basis for cultures and civilizations. And when all people. But it would also require pursuing an action agenda this work is environmentally friendly, the benefits extend for a New Social Contract, a Global Deal and Decent Work.

5 Women are disadvantaged in the world of work in both paid and unpaid work. In the realm of paid work they are engaged in the workforce less than men, they earn less, their work tends to be more vulnerable and they are underrepresented in senior management and decisionmaking positions. In terms of unpaid work they bear a disproportionate share of the housework and care work.". United Nations Development Programme Administrator Helen Clark Child labour is not an isolated problem and cannot be solved in isolation. The international community must realize that if we cannot protect our children, we cannot protect our Development .

6 We have to end violence against children.. 2 014 Nobel Peace Prize recipient Kailash Satyarthi The notion of creative work may be problematic and difficult to conceptualize, but that should not deter us from treating creativity as a key measure of Human Development . Today, we value our creativity as an essential component of Human Development .. 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature recipient Orhan Pamuk Just like women's invisible work in the household, women's work in community building and conflict resolution, which has significant Human Development implications often goes unacknowledged.. 2011 Nobel Peace Prize recipient Leymah Gbowee Work, not just jobs, contributes to Human progress and enhances Human Development .

7 But there is no automatic link between work and Human Development . Report lead author Selim Jahan The 2015 Human Development Report is the latest in the series of global Human Development Reports published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since 1990 as independent, analytically and empirically grounded discussions of major Development issues, trends and policies. Additional resources related to the 2015 Human Development Report can be found online at , including complete editions or summaries of the Report in more than 20 languages, a set of background papers and think pieces, commissioned for the 2015 Report , interactive maps and databases of Human Development indicators, full explanations of the sources and methodologies used in the Report 's composite indices, country profiles and other background materials as well as previous global, regional, and National Human Development Reports (NHDRs).

8 The cover reflects the basic message that work is a fundamental dynamic driver for enhancing Human Development . The background reflects figure in the Report , which shows, based on a panel of 156 countries covering 98 percent of the world population, that over the past 25 years more countries and more people have moved out of the low Human Development category (from 62 countries with more than 3 billion people in 1990 to 43. countries with a bit more than a billion people in 2014) and that at the same time more countries and more people have moved into the high and very high Human Development categories combined (from 47 countries with billion people in 1990 to 84 countries and more than billion people in 2014).

9 In the background the bottom band in light blue represents the first trend, and the green band at the top represents the second trend. In the foreground the circle of Human figures as workers in various activities, including creative work and voluntary work, not only is a reminder that their work contributes to the Human Development progress depicted in the background, but also reflects the dynamism of work and the mutual synergies of various kinds of work. Copyright 2015. by the United Nations Development Programme 1 UN Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission.

10 Sales no.: ISBN: 978-92-1-126398-5 . eISBN: 978-92-1-057615-4. ISSN: 0969-4501. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library and the Library of Congress. Printed in the United States by PBM Graphics, an RR Donnelley Company, on Forest Stewardship Council certified and elemental chlorine free papers. Printed using vegetable-based inks. [FSC LOGO WILL BE INSERTED HERE]. Editing and production: Communications Development Incorporated, Washington DC, USA. Cover design, information design and data visualization: Quinn Information Design, Phoenix Design Aid and Accurat For a list of any errors or omissions found subsequent to printing, please visit our website at Human Development Report 2015.