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ISO in brief

ISO in brief ISO is the International Organization for Standardization. ISO has a membership of some 160* national standards bodies from countries large and small, industrialized, developing and in transition, in all re- gions of the world. ISO's portfolio of over 18 600* standards provides business, government and society with practical tools for all three dimensions of sustainable development : economic, environmental and social. ISO standards make a positive contribution to the world we live in. They facilitate trade, spread knowledge, disseminate innovative ad- vances in technology, and share good management and conformity assessment practices. ISO standards provide solutions and achieve benefits for almost all sectors of activity, including agriculture, construction, mechanical engineering, manufacturing, distribution, transport, medical devices, information and communication technologies, the environment, energy, quality management, conformity assessment and services.

ISO in brief ISO is the International Organization for Standardization. ISO has a membership of some 160* national standards bodies from countries

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Transcription of ISO in brief

1 ISO in brief ISO is the International Organization for Standardization. ISO has a membership of some 160* national standards bodies from countries large and small, industrialized, developing and in transition, in all re- gions of the world. ISO's portfolio of over 18 600* standards provides business, government and society with practical tools for all three dimensions of sustainable development : economic, environmental and social. ISO standards make a positive contribution to the world we live in. They facilitate trade, spread knowledge, disseminate innovative ad- vances in technology, and share good management and conformity assessment practices. ISO standards provide solutions and achieve benefits for almost all sectors of activity, including agriculture, construction, mechanical engineering, manufacturing, distribution, transport, medical devices, information and communication technologies, the environment, energy, quality management, conformity assessment and services.

2 ISO only develops standards for which there is a clear market re- quirement. The work is carried out by experts in the subject drawn directly from the industrial, technical and business sectors that have identified the need for the standard, and which subsequently put the standard to use. These experts may be joined by others with relevant knowledge, such as representatives of government agen- cies, testing laboratories, consumer associations and academia, and by international governmental and nongovernmental organizations. An ISO International Standard represents a global consensus on the state of the art in the subject of that standard. * In June 2011. What's all the excitement about ?

3 ISO Focus+ magazine is now available free of charge ! a If your idea of stand- standards more. For business, And you can now read ISO Focus+. ards is still along the government and society. Read ISO available free of charge on the ISO. lines of making sure Volume 2, No. 5, May 2011, ISSN 1729-8709. Focus+ and learn how current Website at +. that screws t, it's standards can make your organi- and download it as a free PDF le. You'll soon be pink with excitement ! time to wise up. ISO zation more ef cient and improve standards mean your products and services. Gain business, cost advance intelligence on standards reduction, product now under development that will International Organization safety, risk man- be shaping markets tomorrow, for Standardization y ef ciency Building energ with ISO standaagement, sustain- rds providing tools for governments to ISO 22000 on the menu Central Secretariat a b i l i t y, e n e r g y achieve their policy goals and 15:07:48.

4 2011-05-04. ISO Focus_11-05_EN. indd 1. 1, ch. de la Voie-Creuse ef ciency, social responsibility, helping to transform social aspira- Case postale 56. and so much more. More than 18 600 tions into action. CH-1211 Gen ve 20. Contents 1 Overview ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- ----- 5. 2 The ISO Methodology to assess the economic benefits of standards --------------------- 11. 3 PT. Wijaya Karya (WIKA) Beton, Indonesia ---------------------------------------- -------------------------- 27. 4 NTUC Fairprice, Singapore ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- --------------- 47.

5 5 PTT Chemical Public Company Limited (PTTCH), Thailand --------------------------------------- 75. 6 Electrical Devices Joint Stock Company No. 1 (VINAKIP), Vietnam ------------------------- 93. 7 Festo Brasil, Brazil ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- ----------------------------- 115. 8 Gerfor, Colombia ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- ------------------------------- 143. 9 DanPer Trujillo and Civil Association Fr oA reo, Peru ---------------------------------------- --------- 161. 10 Lobatse Clay Works (PTY) Ltd, Botswana ---------------------------------------- ----------------------------- 199.

6 11 Pretoria Portland Cement Company Limited (PPC Cement), South Africa ------------ 217. 12 Siemens AG, Germany ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- ---------------------- 243. 13 Nanotron Technologies GmbH, Germany ---------------------------------------- ----------------------------- 261. 14 Article first published in the ISO Focus+, June 2010, on the ISO Methodology------ 283. 15 Resources ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- --- 303. Economic benefits of standards 3. BWP. BRL 1 COP. COU. EUR. IDR. PEN. ZWL, HNL, TPE, AFA, SGD. NOK,VND, SLL, EUR, SKK, AFN, GRD, MDL, CHE, SEK, XAG, AMD, ROL,CZK, ANG, MGA,RON, XDR, CSK, BGL, AWG, THB, CVE, GMD, PAB,BGN, NLG, MZE, MKD, SZL, HUF, ETB, VEB, PTE.

7 MT. ADF. DZ. VEF. BEF,ZAR. HKD, OA,BHD, TG, TL, SBD, AOK, PYG, SML, IQD, JMD, AON, UAH, VAL, JOD, BBD, PGK, LTL, KWD, AOR, LRD, LAK, CYP, EGP, NAD, LYD, MMK, RSD, GEL, HRK, FKP, NZD, CSD, LVL, MWK, GIP, SGD. SD. ALL. ZMK, IEP, LBP. HP, ZN, TND, BOB, BOV, SRD,SDP, TMM, YUD, GHC, ERN, TWD, BIF, SDG, TMT, YUM, CRC, NGN, TTD, KMF, SYP, DEM, BTN, USD, CDF, TRL, AED, SVC, TRY, BAM, MAD, NIC, XAU, USS, DJF, NIO, MRO, GBP, FIM, STD, USN, FRF, DKK, TOP, GNF, LSL, MZM, AUD, ZWD, AZM. MZN. BSD. EEK,ZWR. XPD, LUF, ISK. MO. MGF. BZD, RWF,THBBMD, CHF, BND, XAF, XOF, Overview KYD,XPF, CAD,XFO, XCD,XFU, FJD, CHW. GYD. VND Over the last decade, several studies have been conducted USD with the aim of determining the economic and other benefits of the use of standards.

8 These studies were un- CNY dertaken by ISO member bodies and other organizations and had mainly a macroeconomic focus. NOK. THB. CNY. BRL. Although each of the studies confirmed the expectation that the use of standards had positive effects and resulted in economic and other benefits, it is difficult to compare the results achieved by the different studies because each used different approaches to measure the impacts of standards. Development of the ISO Methodology For this reason, ISO developed, with the support of Roland Berger Strategy Consultants, a methodology for the assessment and quan- tification of the economic benefits of standards (the ISO Methodol- ogy ).

9 The objective of this methodology is to arrive at reasonable and reliable quantitative calculations of the impacts of standards on organizations. By being based on the application of the same methodology, it is expected that the results of the different studies can be compared to build a common stock of knowledge about economic benefits of standards. As explained in more detail in chapter 2, which introduces the core elements of the ISO Methodology, the methodology has a microeco- nomic focus : it covers primarily the assessment of individual organiza- tions, but can be extended to the analysis of whole industry sectors. Relevance of the results of studies about economic benefits of standards Demonstrating these benefits is important for standards bodies as the developers of standards.

10 It may assist them in attracting compa- nies to use standards or to convince them of the benefits of getting involved in the development of standards. It needs to be noted that the assessment of the impacts of standards is not limited to Interna- tional Standards developed by ISO, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) or other international standardization organizations. In fact, national and other external standards developed by stand- 6 Economic benefits of standards ards organizations to which participation is open with the resulting standards being publicly available, are included in the assessment. Not included in the assessment are company-internal specifica- tions, which are not publicly available and which are not developed through an open, consensus-based process that allows participation by interested stakeholders.


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