1 +PJOU &VSPQFBO 4 VQQPS U GPS 4 VTUBJOBCMF *OWFTUNFOU JO $JUZ "SFBT t +PJOU &VSPQFBO 4 VQQPS U GPS 4 VTUBJOBCMF *OWFTUNFOU JO $JUZ "SFBT. JESSICA . A new way of using EU funding to promote sustainable investments and growth in urban areas What is JESSICA ? JESSICA stands for Joint European Support for Sus- tainable Investment in City Areas. This initiative is be- ing developed by the European Commission and the European Investment Bank (EIB), in collaboration with the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB). Un- der new procedures, Member States are being given the option of using some of their EU grant funding, their so-called Structural Funds, to make repayable investments in projects forming part of an integrated plan for sustainable urban development.
2 These invest- ments, which may take the form of equity, loans and/or guarantees, are delivered to projects via Urban Devel- opment Funds and, if required, Holding Funds. + P J O U & V SP Q F B O 4 V Q Q P S U GP S 4 V T U B J O B C M F * OWF T U N F O U J O $ J U Z " S F B T t + P J O U & V S P Q F B O 4 V Q Q P S U GP S 4 V T U B J O B C M F * OWF T U N F O U J O $ J U Z " SF B T t What types of projects are eligible? What is an integrated plan for sustainable urban development ? Rules on the eligibility of project expenditure, us- An integrated plan for sustainable urban development ing JESSICA , are the same as those on the use of comprises a system of interlinked actions which seeks Structural Funds as a whole, and also need to take to bring about a lasting improvement in the economic, account of any specific national constraints.
3 Apart physical, social and environmental conditions of a from specific non-eligible items listed in the Reg- city or an area within the city. The key to the process ulations, such as housing in some of the Member is integration , meaning that all policies, projects and States, JESSICA may allow for more flexible manage- proposals are considered in relation to one another. ment of projects, respecting at the same time In this regard, the synergies between the elements of eligibility rules, provided always that the projects the plan should be such that the impact of the plan as being supported form part of integrated and a whole adds up to more than would the sum of the sustainable urban development plans. Ineligi- individual parts if implemented in isolation.
4 Ble expenditure components might, for example, be included as part of a larger, multi-sector urban In many Member States, city-wide and area-based de- project, provided sufficient additional funding is velopment plans that have been prepared and adopt- attracted from other private or public sources to ed in accordance with existing planning protocols are finance these ineligible components. likely to satisfy such a definition. Non-statutory plans and other policy documents approved following pub- When considering which projects could make use of lic consultation and appropriate community impact JESSICA funding, an integrated approach is neces- assessment might also provide an adequate basis for sary. JESSICA funds could be targeted specifically at integrated urban development.
5 Projects such as: t VSCBO JOGSBTUSVDUVSF JODMVEJOH USBOTQPSU XBUFS . wastewater, energy, etc; With almost EUR 30 billion in lending support to urban trans- port and renewal projects over the past 5 years, EIB has exten- t IFSJUBHF PS DVMUVSBM TJUFT GPS UPVSJTN PS PUIFS TVT- sive experience in preparing and financing urban development tainable uses; projects across Europe. Following the EC Council agreement 1. to place urban regeneration as a major common policy, EIB. t SFEFWFMPQNFOU PG CSPXOGJFME TJUFT JODMVEJOH TJUF will step up its involvement in the sector. At the request of a clearance and decontamination; project promoter, EIB will therefore also examine the possibil- ity of leveraging its own funding resources into urban develop- t PGGJDF TQBDF GPS *5 BOE PS 3 % TFDUPST ment projects supported by JESSICA .
6 T VOJWFSTJUZ CVJMEJOHT JODMVEJOH NFEJDBM CJPUFDI 1 The Leipzig Ministerial Informal meeting of 24/25 May 2007. and other specialised facilities;. t FOFSHZ FGGJDJFODZ JNQSPWFNFOUT . 2. t + P J O U & V SP Q F B O 4 V Q Q P S U GP S 4 V T U B J O B C M F * OWF T U N F O U J O $ J U Z " S F B T t + P J O U & V S P Q F B O 4 V Q Q P S U GP S 4 V T U B J O B C M F * OWF T U N F O U J O $ J U Z " SF B T t . How are JESSICA funds channelled? European COMMISSION. Structural Fund Grants OTHER INVESTORS MEMBER STATE or REGION. (Public & Private) via a designated Managing Authority Holding Fund optional CITIES. URBAN DEVELOPMENT FUND. International Investment (equity, loan or guarantee) Financing Institutions/. Loans Banks Including contributions of land and Projects forming part of an buildings Integrated Plan for Sustainable Urban Development What is an Urban Development Fund?
7 An Urban Development Fund (UDF) is a fund invest- ing in public-private partnerships and other projects included in an integrated plan for sustainable urban development. To be eligible for JESSICA funding, the UDF will need to demonstrate, amongst other things, sufficient competence and independence of manage- ment; a comprehensive business plan and budgets for undertaking qualifying projects; as well as sound financial backing. Whilst not specific on legal form, a UDF can be a separate legal entity, or be established as a separate block of finance within an existing fi- nancial institution. In such cases, JESSICA funds need to be separately accounted for and clearly segregated from the other assets of that financial institution.
8 UDFs can be established at either a national, regional or lo- cal/city level in response to integrated urban develop- ment plans, project pipelines and investor interests. 3. t + P J O U & V SP Q F B O 4 V Q Q P S U GP S 4 V T U B J O B C M F * OWF T U N F O U J O $ J U Z " S F B T t + P J O U & V S P Q F B O 4 V Q Q P S U GP S 4 V T U B J O B C M F * OWF T U N F O U J O $ J U Z " SF B T. When does it come into force? What is a Holding Fund? The EU Structural Funds' legislative package for the programming period 2007 to 2013 provides A Holding Fund is a fund set up to invest in more than the JESSICA operating framework 2. Operational one UDF. Whilst a Holding Fund is not a requirement procedures are now being drawn up and will take for JESSICA implementation, there are several bene- effect once Operational Programmes3 have been fits for Member States in having one: formally agreed with the European Commission.
9 T JU BMMPXT .BOBHJOH "VUIPSJUJFT UP EFMFHBUF TPNF PG . To qualify to use JESSICA , Member States must in- the tasks required in implementing JESSICA to appro- clude an urban agenda in their Operational Pro- priate professionals. These tasks include establishing grammes and, ideally, should also include a state- specific criteria for making investments in UDFs, ap- ment on the potential use of JESSICA in delivering praising and recommending appropriate UDFs to in- this agenda. Member States will then need to de- vest in, negotiating contractual arrangements with as cide what proportion of their Structural Funds well as monitoring and reporting on the performance they would like to channel using JESSICA . of UDFs.
10 JESSICA is not a new source of funding for Mem- t NFNCFS 4 UBUFT XJUI B MFTT EFWFMPQFE VSCBO JOWFTU- ber States, but rather a new way of using existing ment sector can still take advantage of JESSICA . Structural Fund grant allocations to support urban funding immediately, whilst UDFs and qualifying ur- development projects. It is up to Member States ban Investment projects are being established and and Managing Authorities to decide how much of implemented; and these Structural Funds to channel in this way. t IPMEJOH 'VOET BMMPX GPS +&44*$" GVOET UP CF DPNCJOFE . with other public and/or private sector resources for Investment in UDFs. 2 These are known as Regulations and, with respect to JESSICA , in- clude Council Regulation (EC) No 1083/2006, articles 36, 44 and 78.