1 2011. HERITAGE FRUIT TREE. CATALOGUE . Welcome to the KAIWAKA ORGANICS 2011 Heritage FRUIT Tree CATALOGUE Koanga Institute Northern FRUIT Tree Collection The Northern FRUIT Tree collection is now based in the Hokianga overlooking the Waima River at the home of Gail and John Aiken. The collection of trees from the Northern region has been built up over the last 25 years or so and is a significant collection of around 200 varieties. This collection is really important these trees were brought here by various waves of settlers and the ones that have made it into the collection have managed well in the northern region despite the mild winters, hot summers, humidity and heavy soils! Gail manages the Northern FRUIT Tree collection and her job involves looking after the trees, trialling and evaluating them, evaluating new trees for the collection and providing propagation materials to our growers and to members of Koanga Institute.
2 She is also responsible for collecting and consolidating the stories and histories of the trees. The main focus for Koanga for the last two years has been re-establishing the collection in its new home a major task with so many trees to propagate. So far they have planted about 120 varieties and are working on establishing the remainder. They would be pleased to hear of trees that might be of interest for the Koanga Institute collection so if you know of such a tree then please contact Each year KAIWAKA ORGANICS is able to offer a selection of trees from the collection for sale to the public. IMPORTANT INFORMATION ORCHARD DESIGN. If you're planning a new orchard, we recommend Please read this carefully before you that you buy a copy of Kay Baxter's book DESIGN. place your order. Thanks!
3 YOUR OWN ORCHARD. This gives information ORDERING / ALLOCATION about the needs of each type of tree for the best Please use the form at the end to place your order. outcome. This can either be scanned and emailed, or posted. Daniel Tohill, who works from his office behind the Please do not fax it. shop, is also available to visit your property and When we have processed your order we will contact advise on an orchard design appropriate for your you to confirm it. We will do our best to fill your order, setting. with the trees and rootstocks that you order, but WORKSHOPS. some of the varieties have limited numbers. KAIWAKA ORGANICS runs a workshop programme that In some cases we may be able to offer alternatives if includes a number of workshops relevant to your we cannot supply the exact tree/s that you want.
4 Orchard. Check our website for details. PAYMENT PLANTING. As soon as your order has been confirmed we ask Most of us are planting into soil that will need some that you make your payment immediately. work to ensure that the roots will settle in happily. Payment may be made by cheque, cash, internet It is our experience that trees planted into well banking or credit card. Details are given on the form. prepared and fertilised ground, and with good COLLECTION drainage, do a lot better. Your tree order will be ready for collection from FERTILISER. KAIWAKA ORGANICS from mid to late of July. We strongly recommend using a few handfuls of We cannot give an exact date for pick up as the NATURE'S GARDEN FERTILISER mixed into the bare-rooted trees lose their leaves at different times soil and compost around the roots of the tree.
5 This is each year. Our growers like to leave the trees in the a highly potent and well-balanced formulation that ground until the leaves have dropped. will give your trees a really good start. It can also be We will contact you when your order is ready. used in your vegetable garden. Please make arrangements to collect the trees as soon as possible once you have been notified. This GROWERS. is to ensure that you receive your trees in optimal All of the trees in this Collection have been grown condition. this year either by Grant Liddle at his property in If you are unable to make it to the shop to collect Whatitiri, or by Andrew Land in the Hokianga. The your trees please don't hesitate to call us, and we grapes and figs are grown by Gail and John Aiken in can quote for delivery. This will include a packing as the Hokianga.
6 Well as a freight charge. All of the trees are grown organically. CLIMATE / SOIL CITRUS / SUBTROPICALS. The trees in this collection are best suited to the We sell citrus trees, subtropicals, and hedgerow Northland / Auckland bio-region. We supply them on plants from the KAIWAKA ORGANICS nursery rootstocks that are suitable for the types of soil throughout the year. They are not included in this common in this area, especially clay. Choose the CATALOGUE but they can be purchased when you rootstocks that best suit your situation. collect your order, or at any time. 1. THE KOANGA HERITAGE Hayward Wright (BR). N/Spy / 793. FRUIT TREE COLLECTION This is an apple that was gifted to the Institute by an old friend of Hayward Wright, who was one of NZ's most APPLES well-known plant breeders of Kiwifruit fame.
7 Apparently APPLE POLLINATION: this was one of his favourite early apples. All apples crop better when grown with other apples The skin is dark red, with golden russet. The flesh is white with a lot of red streaking through it. Full and sweet, an in the near vicinity, and all are partially self-fertile. As outstanding early apple. Ripe January February. a general rule the more apple varieties you have the more FRUIT on each tree, however usually three or four Freyburg (BR). apples is plenty. Crab apples, particularly Golden N/Spy / 793. Hornet are great for apple pollination. Freyburg has a very sweet, beautiful flavour, with yellow flesh, light green skin changing to honey yellow when ripe. ROOTSTOCKS: An excellent dessert apple. It is one of the most disease Please specify rootstocks with each apple tree that resistant in our conditions.
8 You order. Bred in New Zealand by JH Kidd, this is a cross between Dwarf Rootstocks are weaker and produce small Golden Delicious and Cox's Orange Pippin and crunchier trees growing up to 2 metres high, depending upon than Golden Delicious. Ripe after the early apples and before Captain Kidd. the variety. They are excellent for espaliering or cordoning, and easy to prune and manage. Devonshire Quarendon (BR). As a freestanding tree they must be staked. They 793. need regular watering in summer and regular feeding This is the classic toffee apple with a bright red skin, soft and mulching. They can be more susceptible to flesh and very good flavour. The tree is a reliable and Woolly Aphids. We find that regular watering and prolific cropper. This is a tree that was gifted to the Koanga Collection neem granules applied annually help with this.
9 Many years ago, along with many other significant old Northern Spy Rootstocks are the old ones we have trees, by Jim Cox of Tangiteroria. Jim spent his working found do best on Northland heavy clay soils, or in career in Northland as an entomologist and his spare time heavy soils all over NZ. Once established there is no collecting old FRUIT trees and their stories, so his need for watering or mulching. When pruned contributions are a very special part of our collection. carefully they can be kept to 4 metres high. Ripe in late January. 793 Rootstocks have been bred from Northern Spy. Cox's Orange Pippin (BR). They produce larger trees that do well on lighter clay N/Spy / 793. soils and also on very free-draining soils. One of the well-known old apples. This scion wood comes Like Northern Spy they do not need mulching or from an old prolific cropping tree in Wellsford.
10 Irrigation once established. 793 Rootstocks produce These have the old-fashioned apple flavour, quite winey vigorous trees that can grow up to 6 metres. and a little tart but juicy and sweet. The flesh is very dense MM106 Rootstocks are best on well drained soil compared to modern apples. Ripe early to mid season. and do not do grow at all on heavy clay soil. They Maxwell Quirk (BR). produce trees that grow to between and 793. metres. Generally resistant to Woolly Aphid. This is an apple that was gifted to the Institute many years ago by an Institute member. It most likely has Golden All of the apples are bare rooted (BR) and Delicious as one parent and it is a very good dessert they are listed in order of ripening. apple, similar to Golden Delicious in texture, sweetness and flavour but with a very different shape.