1 MONITORING AND. evaluation : AN. OVERVIEW . NODDY JINABHAI. Planning, MONITORING and evaluation for Results-Based Strategies Based on GHAP. Managing for Results Approach . By Rosal a Rodriguez-Garc a and Jody Z. Kusek, GHAP, The World Bank, March 1, 2007, with valuable contributions from GHAP and WBI colleagues at the World Bank. Module Outcomes AIM : Utilize M&E data to improve decision making and implementation performance SKILLS: By the end of the course, participants should be able to z Integrate the M&E System in the Strategic Action Plans z Understand the rationale for effective M&E based on the UNAIDS.
2 Tool Kit and the Results Based M&E System z Explain the elements of a comprehensive UNAIDS M&E system, z Understand elements of an M&E logical framework, with key indicators, targets and data sources z Contribute to an M&E operational plan and budget, z Contribute to a tailored, functional M&E system z Stress the epidemiological and economic foundations of M&E. z Identify and disseminate proven, evidence-based HIV/AIDS. practices Benefits of MONITORING & evaluation MONITORING and evaluation (M&E) helps programme implementers to: determine the extent to which the programme/project is on track and to make any needed corrections accordingly.
3 Make informed decisions regarding operations management and service delivery;. ensure the most effective and efficient use of resources;. evaluate the extent to which the programme/project is having or has had the desired impact. Difference between MONITORING and evaluation MONITORING means tracking the key elements of programme performance on a regular basis (inputs, activities, results). In contrast, evaluation is the episodic assessment of the change in targeted results that can be attributed to the programme/project intervention, or the analysis of inputs and activities to determine their contribution to results.
4 STRATEGY RESULTS CYCLE. Formulate/Revise HIV/AIDS Strategy Analyze HIV/AIDS. Evaluate and National Changes in Response Data Outcomes Annual Action Plan, costing, funding Identify Key National Implementation Outcomes & Priorities & process MONITORING (indicators, resource Select Interventions tracking). Resource Needs, Select Funding Principal Program Strategies Planning Process based on the Strategy Results Cycle Purpose Methodology/process Key persons & stakeholders Links with other strategies Finalize Roadmap/timetable Disseminate Use plans Monitor results HIV/AIDS situation Evaluate impacts Current response Capacity.
5 Available & needed Data sources Data collection Analyze & use Expected results Strategic programs Workplan Responsibilities Resources Source: Adapted from P. Lumumba Osewe, WBI, World Bank. Presentation in St. Lucia, 2006. Global HIV/AIDS M&E Framework & Illustrative Data Assessment Inputs Activities Outputs Outcomes Impact & Planning (Resources) (Interventions, (Immediate (Intermediate (Long-term Services) Effects) Effects) Effects). Situation Analysis Staff Trainings # Staff Trained Provider Behavior Social Norms Response Analysis Funds Services # Condoms Distributed Risk Behavior HIV prevalence Stakeholder Needs Materials Education # Clients Served Service Use STI Incidence Resource Analysis Facilities Treatment # Tests Conducted Clinical Outcomes AIDS Morbidity Collaboration plans Supplies Interventions Quality of Life AIDS Mortality Econ.
6 Impact Program Population-based Biological, Program-based Data Development Behavioral & Social Data Data In addition to MONITORING programs, conduct process and outcome evaluations Source: D. Rugg, G. Peersman, G. & M. Carael in Advances in Global HIV/AIDS MONITORING and evaluation : New Directions in evaluation , UNAIDS, 2004. The Logical Approach of the Results Chain Goal Long-term, widespread improvement (Long-term in society Impacts). Big picture (country longer term Strategy strategy). RESULTS PLANNING.
7 Effects or behavior changes resulting Outcomes from a strategic program Outputs Products and services that Programming need to be delivered to achieve the expected outcomes Activities What actually was done with the available resources to produce the intended outputs Inputs Critical resources (expertise, equipment, supplies) needed to Source: Binnenen and Kusek&Rist, 2004. implement the planned activities Apply the Results Chain to HIV/AIDS Strategy Planning For a Results-based Strategy ask: 1. What is the aim of longer term improvement in HIV/AIDS?
8 (national goal) = impact and outcomes 2. What improvements are aimed at by the end of the strategy period? = intermediate outcomes 3. How will one know success - which outcome targets need to be met? = intermediate outcomes and final outputs 4. What strategic programs and critical interventions should be the focus of the national response? = outputs 5. What financial, human, material, and technical resources are needed? = inputs Note: Refer to definitions in previous slide Applying the Logic of the Results Chain to HIV/AIDS.
9 IMPACTS Reduced HIV Incidence and Prevalence. HIV prevalence is the bedrock of surveillance, MONITORING , and evaluation (longer-term goal). gy te ra Increased Coverage. Access and use St OUTCOMES of services and behavior changes (strategy objectives and results). Products and Services. First ng level results needed to achieve the OUTPUTS. mi outcomes (program outputs). ram og Critical resources. Includes Pr money, people, equipment, supplies INPUTS and know how (program inputs). Measuring the Performance of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy Once the results and outcomes of the strategy are identified, how should performance be measured?
10 Z Performance of the HIV/AIDS strategy is measured through outcome indicators. z For each indicator identify: - a baseline (what is the value now), and - performance targets (what value should one aim to achieve) over the time period of the strategy. Information Triangle INTERNATIONAL. OVERVIEW , TRENDS, ANNUAL NATIONAL. COMPARISONS REPORT PROVINCIAL. INFORMATION MONTHLY REPORT DISTRICT /. AGGREGATED DATA WEEKLY TALLY INSTITUTION. DETAILED DAILY PATIENT RECORDS CLINIC. DATA. INFO. Surveillance & Research Surveillance comprises: biological, behavioural and social impact surveillance.