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National Wildfire Coordinating Group NWCG Standards for ...

nwcg Standards for A publication of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group Helicopter Operations PMS 510 May 2019. nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations May 2019. PMS 510. The nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations (NSHO) establishes the Standards by which helicopter operations are to be conducted under the exclusive direction and operational control of federal, state and local agencies in the accomplishment of interagency fire suppression and natural resource aviation management. These Standards : Promote safe, cost-efficient and effective aviation services in support of agency and interagency goals and objectives. Define National , interagency helicopter management and operational procedures for helicopter users from participating agencies. Facilitate the ability of personnel from different agencies to work cooperatively on incidents or projects. Provide a framework within which areas, regions, states, and local units can provide supplemental, site-specific guidance.

The National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) provides national leadership to enable interoperable wildland fire operations among federal, state, tribal, territorial, and local partners.

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1 nwcg Standards for A publication of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group Helicopter Operations PMS 510 May 2019. nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations May 2019. PMS 510. The nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations (NSHO) establishes the Standards by which helicopter operations are to be conducted under the exclusive direction and operational control of federal, state and local agencies in the accomplishment of interagency fire suppression and natural resource aviation management. These Standards : Promote safe, cost-efficient and effective aviation services in support of agency and interagency goals and objectives. Define National , interagency helicopter management and operational procedures for helicopter users from participating agencies. Facilitate the ability of personnel from different agencies to work cooperatively on incidents or projects. Provide a framework within which areas, regions, states, and local units can provide supplemental, site-specific guidance.

2 The National Wildfire Coordinating Group ( nwcg ) provides National leadership to enable interoperable wildland fire operations among federal, state, tribal, territorial, and local partners. nwcg . operations Standards are interagency by design; they are developed with the intent of universal adoption by the member agencies. However, the decision to adopt and utilize them is made independently by the individual member agencies and communicated through their respective directives systems. Table of Contents Chapter 01 Introduction .. 1. Scope .. 1. Authority .. 1. Organization .. 1. Chapter 02 Personnel .. 2. Introduction .. 2. Training, Qualification and Currency Requirements .. 2. Helicopter Staffing 3. Helicopter Minimum Staffing Exceptions .. 3. nwcg Incident Position Descriptions .. 4. Non- nwcg Helicopter Management Personnel Roles and Responsibilities.

3 4. Chapter 03 Operational Planning .. 13. Introduction .. 13. Developing Objectives and Contingency Planning .. 13. Risk Management .. 13. Specific Special Use Missions .. 18. Flight Planning and Scheduling Process .. 19. Aircraft Cost-Comparison Analysis .. 20. Aviation Project and Mission Planning .. 21. Project Aviation Safety Plans .. 25. Chapter 04 Communications, Flight Following, and Resource Tracking .. 28. Introduction .. 28. Flight 28. Resource Tracking .. 30. Communication Systems .. 31. Aircraft Communication Systems .. 32. Helibase Communications .. 33. Incident Airspace Communications .. 41. Chapter 05 Vendor Personnel and Equipment Approval and Carding .. 46. Introduction .. 46. Approval and Documentation Process .. 46. Interagency and Procurement Document Standards .. 46. Responsibility for Checking Carding or Approval Prior to Use .. 47.

4 Interagency Helicopter Pilot Qualification Card .. 47. Helicopter Data Card .. 48. Mechanic Qualification Card .. 48. Service Truck Data Card .. 49. Aircraft Fuel Facility Inspection and Carding .. 50. Chapter 06 Helicopter Capabilities and Limitations .. 51. Introduction .. 51. Helicopter Performance and 51. Weight and Balance .. 52. nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations i High Density Altitude .. 52. Day/Night Flight Limitations .. 53. Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Flight Limitations .. 54. Wind 54. Helicopter Operating in Snow-Covered Areas.. 54. Helicopter Flight Over Congested and Densely Populated Areas .. 55. Supplemental Oxygen Requirements .. 56. Lockdown of Controls .. 56. Military Helicopter Limitations .. 56. Chapter 07 Helicopter Load Calculations and Manifests .. 57. Introduction .. 57. Responsibility for Completion of Load Calculations.

5 58. Determining Load Capability Using Appropriate HIGE/HOGE Aircraft Performance Charts .. 59. Manifests .. 66. Chapter 08 Helicopter Landing Areas .. 68. Introduction .. 68. Planning .. 68. Permanent Helibase .. 69. Temporary Helibases and Helispots .. 69. Site Ownership and Approval .. 71. Selection of and Specifications for Temporary Helibases, Helispots, and Unimproved Landing Sites .. 72. Approach/Departure 78. Required Equipment and Facilities .. 79. Markings for Aerial Identification .. 80. Dust Abatement .. 81. Procedures for Landings .. 82. Chapter 09 Equipment Requirements and Maintenance .. 84. Introduction .. 84. Interagency Fire Helicopter Equipment 84. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Requirements for Personnel .. 84. Survival Equipment .. 86. Crash Rescue Equipment for Helicopter Landing Sites .. 88. Standard Equipment for External Loads.

6 90. Inspection and Maintenance of Swivels .. 91. Specialized External Load Equipment .. 99. Ground-Based Tank Systems for Helicopter Dipping and 102. Chapter 10 Personnel Transport .. 104. Introduction .. 104. Qualified Personnel .. 106. Personnel Transport Using Military Helicopters .. 106. Special Law Enforcement Operations .. 106. Special Search and Rescue Operations .. 106. Load Calculations and Manifests .. 107. Loading Procedures .. 108. nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations ii Chapter 11 Cargo Transport .. 112. Introduction .. 112. Qualified Personnel .. 113. Load Calculations and Manifests .. 113. Aircrew Member on Board during External Load Missions .. 113. Hazardous Materials Transport and Handling .. 113. Cargo Transport with Military Aircraft .. 114. Cargo Preparation .. 114. Equipment Inspection .. 115. Cargo Inspection .. 115. Loading and Rigging Procedures.

7 116. Hookup Methods .. 124. General Requirements for External Load Missions .. 127. Procedures for Hover Hookups .. 129. Cargo 131. Cargo Freefall .. 131. Chapter 12 Fire Protection and Crash Rescue Procedures .. 134. Introduction .. 134. On-Site Accident Preparedness Planning .. 134. Types of Emergencies .. 136. Classes of Fire .. 138. Extinguishing Capacity .. 139. Extinguishing Agents .. 139. Extinguishers Types Most Commonly Used .. 140. Requirements .. 141. Sequence of Actions .. 143. Fatalities .. 146. Extrication and Evacuation .. 146. Preservation of the Accident Scene .. 147. Chapter 13 Fueling Operations .. 148. Introduction .. 148. Responsibilities .. 148. Fuel and Oil Pollution 148. Types of Fuel .. 149. Identifying Types of 150. Contamination Testing .. 151. Fueling Hazard .. 152. Safety Precautions .. 154. Rapid Refueling .. 155. Vendor Fueling Operations.

8 155. Government Fueling Operations .. 157. General Guidance and 158. Inspections and Quality Control .. 162. Fuel Spills .. 163. nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations iii Chapter 14 Helicopter Maintenance .. 167. Introduction .. 167. Inspection .. 167. Pilot Functioning as a Mechanic .. 167. Mechanic Approval .. 168. Unscheduled Maintenance .. 170. Chapter 15 Helibase and Helispot Management and Operations .. 171. Introduction .. 171. Coordination with Project Aviation Manager or ASGS and AOBD .. 171. Helibase Briefing and Debriefing .. 171. Helibase Personnel and Organization .. 173. Helibase Setup and Layout .. 174. Helispot Considerations .. 180. Dipsite Considerations .. 183. Additional Considerations .. 185. Chapter 16 Law 187. Introduction .. 187. Personnel Duties and Responsibilities, Qualifications, Certification and 187. Operational Planning.

9 187. Flight Following, Resource Tracking and Communications .. 188. Personnel and Equipment Approval and Carding .. 188. Helicopter Capabilities and Limitations .. 189. Helicopter Load Calculations and Manifests.. 189. Helicopter Landing Areas .. 189. Equipment Requirements and Maintenance .. 189. Personnel Transport .. 190. Cargo Transport .. 190. Fire Protection and Crash Rescue .. 191. Fueling Operations .. 191. Helicopter Maintenance .. 191. Helibase and Helispot Management and Operations .. 191. Administration .. 192. Chapter 17 Search and Rescue Operations .. 193. Introduction .. 193. Personnel Duties and Responsibilities, Qualifications, Certification and 193. Operational Planning .. 193. Flight Following and Communications.. 194. Personnel and Equipment Approval and Carding.. 194. Helicopter Capabilities and Limitations.. 194. Helicopter Load Calculations and Manifests.

10 194. Helicopter Landing Areas .. 195. Equipment Requirements and Maintenance .. 195. Personnel Transport .. 195. Cargo Transport .. 196. Fire Protection and Crash Rescue .. 196. Fueling Operations .. 196. Helicopter Maintenance .. 196. Helibase and Helispot Management and Operations .. 196. nwcg Standards for Helicopter Operations iv Appendix A Helicopter Management Forms and Checklists .. 197. Introduction .. 197. Applicability .. 197. Electronic HCM Forms .. 197. Aircraft Contract Daily Diary, OAS-137 or HCM-1 .. 203. CWN Pre-Use Checklist, HCM-2 .. 204. Aircraft Fuel Facility Inspection Log, HCM-3 .. 205. Helicopter Turbine Engine Power Assurance Check, HCM-4 .. 206. Turbine Engine Performance Trend Analysis, HCM-5 .. 208. Helicopter Information Sheet, HCM-6 .. 209. Helicopter Crew Information Sheet, 210. Interagency Helicopter Load Calculation, OAS-67/FS 5700-17.