1 #24 28. Lesson5-1. A Door to the Past .. one of the .. Table for Two 7 .. Have you ever seen this stone? It is very special. It is called the Rosetta Stone, and in 1799, it was discovered in the village of Rosetta in Egypt. Now, the stone is on display at the British Museum in London, and it is one of the most popular exhibits there. Why is it so special? The stone's surface has three kinds of ancient writing on it. There are Egyptian hieroglyphs at the top. In the middle, there is demotic Egyptian writing, and ancient Greek writing is at the bottom.. Lesson 5 1 .. 1799 3 .. 73 . Lesson 5-1 A Door to the Past Words and Phrases Egypt . on display British Museum . exhibit Egyptian . hieroglyph demotic . Greek . one of the . It is one of the most popular exhibits there. 1 . one of the the most popular exhibits.
2 1 .. museum .. version . When I was 7 years old, I visited a famous museum in Taiwan with my family. I saw many old vases, which are collected by the emperor of China. It's a very historic museum, but I didn't know how precious they were. So, when I get a chance to visit there again, I have to study hard before I visit.. 74 . Lesson 5-1 A Door to the Past Table for Two .. Great Expectation .. Like two old friends catching up after a long absence from one another, they talked and talked for hours. At the end of the evening, my mother wrote her telephone number on the inside cover of Great Expectations and gave the book to my father. He said goodbye to her, gently kissing her on the forehead, and they walked off in opposite directions into the night.. 1799 .. 3 .. 75 . #24 28.. Lesson5-2 A Door to the Past.
3 3 . no one .. Table for Two 8 .. After the Rosetta Stone was discovered, the Greek writing on its surface was translated soon. However, no one could read the demotic or hieroglyphic writing. Scholars thought these writings had been translated into the Greek writing. Therefore, they attempted to translate the hieroglyphs by comparing them with the Greek writing. 3 . Lesson5 2 3 .. Words and Phrases translate . hieroglyphic . scholar . therefore . attempt . compare with ~ . 76 . Lesson 5-2 A Door to the Past no one . No one could read the demotic or hieroglyphic writing.. no one A or B A B .. no one . don t doesn t no one . nobody, nothing, .. translation .. version . Translating Japanese into English is really di cult but fun. During English class at school, I was always nervous because I worried and thought, "Is my translation correct?
4 " But my English teacher encouraged me to check my translation, so now I like translating. One of my friends wants to be a translator, so I hope her dream will comes true.. 77 . Lesson 5-2 A Door to the Past Table for Two 8 .. Neither one of them was able to sleep. Even after she closed her eyes, my mother could see only one thing: my father s face. And my father, who could not stop thinking about her, stayed up all night painting my mother s portrait.. 78 . #24 28.. Lesson5-3 A Door to the Past .. Table for Two 9 .. Hieroglyphs could be seen on many monuments, tombs, and statues. They were considered to be pictures of ideas and objects. Scholars had tried to decipher hieroglyphs for hundreds of years, but they were unsuccessful. The secrets of ancient Egyptian society were still locked within the stone. Although several people found clues, Jean-Francois Champollion, a French linguist, solved the puzzle.
5 Words and Phrases Words and Phrases monument tomb . consider decipher . 79 . Lesson 5-3 A Door to the Past unsuccessful .. clue . linguist .. Hieroglyphs could be seen on many monuments, tombs and statues.. could be seen could . can .. will must .. (clue) .. version . Math is di cult, but I can't ee from my math homework. So the clues to solve di cult math problems are to review my notes that I took in class and to check my textbook. Also, I think to keep studying hard is important, too.. 80 . Lesson 5-3 A Door to the Past Table for Two 9 .. The next day, my father traveled out to Brooklyn to visit his parents. He brought along the book to read on the subway, but he was exhausted after his sleepless night and began to feel drowsy after just a few paragraphs.. 81 . #24 28.. Lesson5-4 A Door to the Past .. Table for Two 10.
6 In 1808, Champollion obtained a copy of the Rosetta Stone and began to examine its hieroglyphs carefully. Even though this ancient form of writing had been regarded as a kind of picture writing, he thought it was a kind of alphabet. In 1822, after many years of hard work, Champollion discovered that this writing consists of both an alphabet and pictures. In fact, it has 24. letters and about 6,000 hieroglyphic symbols, which include humans and animals.. Words and Phrases obtain . examine regard . 82 . Lesson 5-4 A Door to the Past picture writing letter include .. Even though this ancient writing had been regarded as a kind of picture writing, he thought it was a kind of alphabet.. though .. :(symbol) .. version . My school's symbol is a maple leaf. My school has a long history and it's a Christian school.
7 It was built by Canadian missionaries. Canada is famous for the maple, so that's why my school symbol is a maple leaf. I want to know many other schools symbol marks.. 83 . Lesson 5-4 A Door to the Past Table for Two 10 .. So he slipped the book into the pocket of his coat, which he had put on the seat next to him, and closed his eyes. He didn t wake until the train stopped at Brighton Beach, at the far edge of Brooklyn.. 1808 .. 1822 .. 24 6,000 .. 84 . #24 28.. Lesson5-5 A Door to the Past .. Table for Two 11 .. What is hieroglyphic writing like? Actually, in some ways, it is similar to Japanese in that it combines the different types of characters into one system. In addition, the direction of the writing can be vertical or horizontal and there are no spaces between words. To know whether a piece of writing is written from left to right or right to left, you can look for pictures of humans or animals and see which way they are facing.
8 The Rosetta Stone enabled scholars to learn more about ancient Egyptian society. Deciphering the hieroglyphs on the stone unlocked the door to the past.. Words and Phrases in that ~ combine direction . 85 . Lesson 5-5 A Door to the Past vertical . horizontal enable . unlock .. The Rosetta Stone enabled scholars to learn more about ancient Egyptian society.. society .. version . We live in a huge society where we have di erent cultures and manners in each country. It's called a global society and many people around the world have a chance to communicate with other countries' people. Recently I started to read a book on Confucianism. It teaches me how to communicate with people in a huge society, so I want to study more.. 86 . Lesson 5-5 A Door to the Past Table for Two 11 .. When my father opened his eyes, he found that he was the only passenger on the train.
9 He reached for his coat, but it was no longer there. Someone had stolen it, and because the book was in the pocket, the book was gone, too. This meant that my mother s telephone number was also gone.. 87.