1 P. NC our le CN on ase .o lin co rg /p e s mp NCCN at u le ie rv t nt e GUIDELINES s/ ey su at FOR PATIENTS.. 2018 rv ey Oral Cancers NCCN HEAD AND NECK Cancers SERIES. NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK. Presented with support from: FOUNDATION. Guiding treatment . Changing Lives. Available online at . Oral Cancers LEARNING that you have cancer can be overwhelming. The goal of this book is to help you get the best care. It explains which cancer tests and treatments are recommended by experts in oral Cancers . The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN ) is a not-for-profit alliance of 27 leading cancer centers. Experts from NCCN have written treatment guidelines for doctors who treat oral Cancers . These treatment guidelines suggest what the best practice is for cancer care. The information in this patient book is based on the guidelines written for doctors. This book focuses on the treatment of oral Cancers . Key points of the book are summarized in the related NCCN Quick Guide.
2 NCCN also offers patient books on throat cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, and many other cancer types. Visit for the full library of patient books, summaries, and other resources. NCCN Guidelines for Patients : Oral Cancers , 2018 1. About These patient guidelines for cancer care are produced by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN ). The mission of NCCN is to improve cancer care so people can live better lives. At the core of NCCN are the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN. Guidelines ). NCCN Guidelines contain information to help health care workers plan the best cancer care. They list options for cancer care that are most likely to have the best results. The NCCN Guidelines for Patients present the information from the NCCN Guidelines in an easy-to-learn format. Panels of experts create the NCCN Guidelines. Most of the experts are from NCCN Member Institutions. Their areas of expertise are diverse. Many panels also include a patient advocate.
3 Recommendations in the NCCN Guidelines are based on clinical trials and the experience of the panelists. The NCCN Guidelines are updated at least once a year. When funded, the patient books are updated to reflect the most recent version of the NCCN Guidelines for doctors. For more information about the NCCN Guidelines, visit Dorothy A. Shead, MS Laura J. Hanisch, PsyD Erin Vidic, MA. Director, Patient Medical Writer/Patient Medical Writer Information Operations Information Specialist Rachael Clarke Alycia Corrigan Guidelines Data and Medical Writer Layout Coordinator NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK NCCN Foundation was founded by NCCN to raise funds for patient education FOUNDATION. Guiding treatment . Changing Lives. based on the NCCN Guidelines. NCCN Foundation offers guidance to people with cancer and their caregivers at every step of their cancer journey. This is done by sharing key information from leading cancer experts. This information can be found in a library of NCCN Guidelines for Patients and other patient education resources.
4 NCCN Foundation is also committed to advancing cancer treatment by funding the nation's promising doctors at the center of cancer research, education, and progress of cancer therapies. For more information about NCCN Foundation, visit 2018 National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. Based on the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines ). Head and Neck Cancers (Version , June 20, 2018). All rights reserved. NCCN Guidelines for Patients and illustrations herein may not be reproduced in any form for any purpose without the express written permission of NCCN. No one, including doctors or patients, may use the NCCN Guidelines for Patients for any commercial purpose and may not claim, represent, or imply that the NCCN Guidelines for Patients that has been modified in any manner is derived from, based on, related to or arises out of the NCCN Guidelines for Patients . The NCCN Guidelines are a work in progress that may be redefined as often as new significant data become available.
5 NCCN makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever regarding its content, use, or application and disclaims any responsibility for its application or use in any way. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) 3025 Chemical Road, Suite 100 Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462 NCCN Guidelines for Patients : Oral Cancers , 2018 2. Supporters Endorsed and sponsored in part by Head and Neck Cancer Alliance Support for People with Oral and Head and Neck Cancer (SPOHNC). As an organization that works to advance prevention, detection, treatment and rehabilitation of oral, head and SPOHNC is honored to support and endorse the new NCCN. neck Cancers , the Head and Neck Cancer Alliance strongly Guidelines for Patients. Together we can help to raise supports and endorses these NCCN Guidelines for Patients. awareness, educate and support patients with the necessary tools that will guide them while choosing their treatment options and managing their care. Together we are committed to offering oral, head and neck cancer patients and their loved ones the best support services available to live a better quality of life from diagnosis through recovery.
6 The Oral Cancer Foundation The foundation is pleased to support and endorse the NCCN population, and provide real time support for them from both an Guidelines for Patients. These guidelines provide another emotional support and science based treatment perspective, tool for patients to make sound science-based decisions we understand that sound factual knowledge is empowering. from as they navigate the treatment options and journey It ultimately is a key component of decision making that through the cancer experience. As an organization that works yields better long-term outcomes. We appreciate having to provide vetted information to patients and caregivers, another powerful tool in the armamentarium available to them. sponsor research, advocate for issues that impact this patient With generous support from Andr Marc DuPont in honor of Edward King Lisle Marie Nabell, MD. Robert Foote, MD, FACR, FASTRO Dr. and Mrs. David Pfister Ying Hitchcock, MD Sharon Spencer, MD.
7 Bharat B. Mittal, MD Weining Zhen, MD. NCCN Guidelines for Patients : Oral Cancers , 2018 3. NCCN Guidelines for Patients : Oral Cancers , 2018 4. Oral Cancers Contents 6 How to use this book 46 Dictionary 7 Part 1 48 Acronyms Oral cancer basics Explains oral Cancers and staging. 49 NCCN Panel Members for Head and Neck Cancers 15 Part 2. treatment planning 50 NCCN Member Institutions Describes how doctors plan treatment . 52 Index 23 Part 3. treatment guide: Stages I and II. Presents treatment options for early Cancers . 28 Part 4. treatment guide: Stages III, IVA, and IVB (T1 T4a). Presents treatment options for advanced Cancers . 33 Part 5. treatment guide: Stages IVB (T4b) and IVC. Presents treatment options for very advanced Cancers . 37 Part 6. Making treatment decisions Offers tips for choosing the best treatment . NCCN Guidelines for Patients : Oral Cancers , 2018 5. How to use this book Who should read this book? Your doctors may suggest other options based on your health and other factors.
8 If other options are treatment for oral Cancers is the focus of this book. given, ask your treatment team questions. Patients and those who support them caregivers, family, and friends may find this book helpful. It is a good starting point to learn what your options may be. Help! What do the words mean? In this book, many medical words are included. Are the book chapters in a These are words that your treatment team may say certain order? to you. Most of these words may be new to you. It may be a lot to learn. Early chapters explain concepts that are repeated in later chapters. Starting with Part 1 may be helpful. Don't be discouraged as you read. Keep reading and It explains what oral Cancers are and how they are review the information. Ask your treatment team to staged. explain a word or phrase that you do not understand. Part 2 lists what health care is needed before Words that you may not know are defined in the text treatment . Some types of health care help your or in the Dictionary.
9 Acronyms are also defined when doctors plan treatment . Other health care is for first used and in the Glossary. Acronyms are short issues besides cancer treatment . words formed from the first letters of several words. One example is DNA for deoxyribonucleic acid. Not everyone receives the same treatment . In Parts 3 5, treatment options are listed based on the cancer stage. Tips for making treatment decisions are presented in Part 6. Does this book include all options? This book includes information for many people. Your treatment team can point out what applies to you. They can also give you more information. While reading, make a list of questions to ask your doctors. The treatment options are based on science and the experience of NCCN experts. However, their recommendations may not be right for you. NCCN Guidelines for Patients : Oral Cancers , 2018 6. 1. Oral cancer basics 8 Lips and mouth 10 A disease of cells 11 Cancer's threat 12 Cancer stages 12 treatment types 14 Review NCCN Guidelines for Patients : Oral Cancers , 2018 7.
10 1 Oral cancer basics Lips and mouth You've learned that you have oral The alveolar ridge is the gums around the cancer. It's common to feel shocked and base of your teeth. confused. This chapter reviews some basics that may help you learn about oral The retromolar trigone is the gums behind cancer. your wisdom teeth. The hard palate is the roof of your mouth. Lymph nodes Lips and mouth Throughout your body including your mouth is a clear fluid called lymph. Lymph gives cells food Before learning about oral Cancers , it is helpful to and water. It also contains germ-fighting blood cells. know about the lips and mouth. These parts of the Lymph drains from tissue into vessels that transport it body are needed for talking and eating. The lips keep to the bloodstream. See Figure 2. As lymph travels, food in the mouth and help to pronounce words. it passes through small structures called lymph The mouth starts to break down food for the body to nodes. Lymph nodes remove germs from lymph.