Example: air traffic controller

Parkinson's Treatment - RxFiles

Parkinson's Treatment Tips & Pearls June 2005 Objective Comparisons for Optimal drug TherapyThe RxFiles Academic Detailing ProgramSaskatoon City Hospital701 Queen Street, Saskatoon, SK S7K 0M7 Phone 306-655-8506 ; Fax 306-655-7980; to identify Parkinson's disease?Parkinsonism (PS) is a clinical diagnosis that requires 2 ofthe following 3: bradykinesia, rigidity & resting tremor (orthe THREE S's: slow, stiff & shaky). Postural instability isoften a late PD presentation. The majority ~85% of PS casesare idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Other PS variantsinclude multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclearpalsy and drug -induced PS.

PARKINSON'S DISEASE (PD) – Drug Comparison Chart 1,2,3,4,5,6 Brent Jensen BSP - www.RxFiles.ca June 05 Generic/TRADE (Strength & forms)Class/Mechanism of Action/ Pregnancy category 7 Side effects / Contraindications CI = Therapeutic Use / Comments / Drug Interactions DI …

Tags:

  Drug, Treatment, Category, Trade, Generic, Interactions, Comments, Pregnancy, Parkinson, Parkinson s treatment, Drug interactions, Pregnancy category

Information

Domain:

Source:

Link to this page:

Please notify us if you found a problem with this document:

Other abuse

Transcription of Parkinson's Treatment - RxFiles

1 Parkinson's Treatment Tips & Pearls June 2005 Objective Comparisons for Optimal drug TherapyThe RxFiles Academic Detailing ProgramSaskatoon City Hospital701 Queen Street, Saskatoon, SK S7K 0M7 Phone 306-655-8506 ; Fax 306-655-7980; to identify Parkinson's disease?Parkinsonism (PS) is a clinical diagnosis that requires 2 ofthe following 3: bradykinesia, rigidity & resting tremor (orthe THREE S's: slow, stiff & shaky). Postural instability isoften a late PD presentation. The majority ~85% of PS casesare idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Other PS variantsinclude multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclearpalsy and drug -induced PS.

2 Lewy body dementia has PSfeatures with dementia onset within the first year. drug benefits mustbe evaluated against any side effects to ensure benefitsoutweigh the risks. Individualize therapy!What medications can induce PS?Select medications can induce PS either acutely or within 3months of use (eg. amiodarone, amphotericin B, calciumchannel blockers, chemotherapy, lithium, meperidine,metoclopramide, neuroleptics, cholinergics, reserpine,SSRI's & valproate). After the offending drug is stopped itmay take up to 2-6 months for PS symptoms to levodopa still the most powerful med?Levodopa (LD) provides superior motor benefit, but isassociated with increased dyskinesias.

3 In early PD, LD use isoften delayed to preserve LD usefulness, but LD is veryvaluable in the elderly. Other early PD considerations areamantadine or selegiline. Initial Sinemet dose is usually100/25mg bid, increasing in ~1week if needed. An adequate trialdose is considered to be 200/50mg qid x 3 can I get the Sinemet to work faster?Chewing the tablets or drinking with carbonated beverageswill increase absorption (whereas high protein foods mayslow absorption). Clinically this is useful for patients withsevere early morning symptoms and/or painful to overcome troubling LD side effects?Nausea: ensure 75-200mg of carbidopa is being used withLD, LD with food or consider using domperidone 5-10mg po tid ac.

4 Hypotension: ensure adequate water & salt intake; considermidodrine , domperidone or fludrocortisone Sinemet CR best for my patient?There is no evidence that CR levodopa is better than regularrelease, but it is more costly. However, if early morning"off" episodes are occurring, giving CR at bedtime mayhelp. Taking with food increases absorption, but overall only70% is bioavailable (eg. dose by 20-30% if switching toCR from regular release, if an equivalent dose is desired).Are there drawbacks to dopamine agonists?Although not as potent as LD, younger patients may benefitfrom using dopamine agonists (DA) to delay LD tolerance anddyskinesia.

5 DA's have less motor complications, but morehallucinations, somnolence & edema than LD. If DAs arenot titrated both slowly and up to the therapeutic dose, sideeffects occur without much clinical anticholinergics in the elderly a good idea?Although useful for tremor predominant PD but unproven superiority,mild PD symptoms, drooling and dystonia, use in the elderlyfrequently causes constipation, confusion, andhallucinations. If stopping anticholinergics, taper to preventPD exacerbations. Using lower doses minimizes to manage a psychotic PD patient?It is important to rule out drug induced general decrease the dose, or discontinue the drug in thefollowing order: anticholinergic, selegiline, amantadine, DA &then levodopa.

6 Consider quetiapine after other offending drugsare stopped. It may take 1-4 weeks for psychosis to resolve.(Alternately clozapine but requires weekly blood tests, expensive & lacks coverage for this indication SK.)How to manage behavior in a PD patient?Antidepressants (eg. tricyclics,SSRI's) may be required fordepression, but rare cases of SSRI's worsening PD are to manage wearing off effects in PD patient?Consider smaller & more frequent LD dosing (liquid formsan option), an addition of Sinemet CR, combination DA &LD, entacapone, amantadine, selegiline, apomorphine SC orpossibly decreasing protein in the diet may help.

7 (IF addingDA or entacapone a decrease in LD dose may be needed.)How to manage dyskinesia in a PD patient?Dyskinesias are best prevented by avoiding large doses of LDearly in the disease. Treat if bothersome; consider lowering LDdose (CR form hard to adjust dose), add amantadine, add/ /switch to aDA, possibly stop entacapone or selegiline or consider about alternative therapies?Lack evidence for benefit for vitamins, herbs or chelation;however, broad beans Cowhage do contain LD. PS documented withmanganese, but only "shakes" from lead or mercury. PD seems tohave a genetic predisposition with environmental factors playinga role.

8 Benefits of Coenzyme Q10 in PD requires further would like to acknowledge the following contributors and reviewers: Dr. Alex Rajput (SHR-Neurology),Dr. Tejal Patel (RQHR-Pharmacy) & the RxFiles Advisory Committee. B. Jensen BSP, L. Regier BSP, BADISCLAIMER: The content of this newsletter represents the research, experience and opinions of the authors and not those of the Board or Administration of Saskatoon HealthRegion (SHR). Neither the authors nor Saskatoon Health Region nor any other party who has been involved in the preparation or publication of this work warrants or represents that theinformation contained herein is accurate or complete, and they are not responsible for any errors or omissions or for the result obtained from the use of such information.

9 Any use of thenewsletter will imply acknowledgment of this disclaimer and release any responsibility of SHR, its employees, servants or agents. Readers are encouraged to confirm the informationcontained herein with other sources. Copyright 2005 RxFiles , Saskatoon Health Region (SHR) Parkinson's DISEASE (PD) drug Comparison Chart 1,2,3,4,5,6 Brent Jensen BSP - June 05 generic / trade (Strength & forms)Class/Mechanism of Action/ pregnancy category 7 Side effects /Contraindications CI = Therapeutic Use / comments / drug interactions DIINITIAL &MAX DOSEUSUAL DOSERANGE$ /30dLevodopa/benserazidePROLOPA =P50 , 100/25, 200/50mg capLevodopa/carbidopa 8 SINEMET/ generic =S100/10 ,100/25 ,250/25 mg IR tab.

10 100/25,200/50mg CR tab:70% bioavailable vs immediate release Oral liquid form 9,10manufactured by some pharmaciescarbidopa/levodopa/entacapone STALEVO 11-not in yet50= 25/100/200150= tab(don't cut these doses in half)(PARCOPA: rapid dissolving form oflevo/carbidopa avail in USA only 12,DUODOPA: levo/carbidopa gel forIntraduodenal infusion avail. in Europe13)Dopamine precursor:Levodopa (LD): most potentmed available for PD{regular tab/cap: peak level at~30minutes & ~4hr duration}Benserazide & carbidopaare peripheral dopaminedecarboxylation inhibitorswhich nausea from levodopa.( 75mg carbidopa 14 blocksenzyme; may need up to 200mg)C -allCommon: GI: nausea, vomiting,anorexia; CNS: headache, confusion,dizziness, hallucinations, moodchanges, nightmares, insomnia,depression; rash, alopecia, discoloredurine, dark saliva/sweat & unresponsiveness & freezing,fluctuations (wearing off, on-off),dyskinesia (chorea, peak dose,diphasic & dystoniaoff period; hand/foot in AM).


Related search queries