1 Pesticide Applicator core Training Manual Certification, Recertification and Registered Technician Training Part A. Required reading for: Private Pesticide applicators Commercial Pesticide applicators Registered technicians Part A and Part B. Required reading for: Private Pesticide applicators Pesticide Applicator core Training Manual Certification, Recertification and Registered Technician Training Part A. Required reading for: Private Pesticide applicators Commercial Pesticide applicators Registered technicians Part A and Part B. Required reading for: Private Pesticide applicators Julie Stachecki Johanningsmeier, editor 2002 revisions by Carolyn J. Randall 1. Contributors Chapter Reviewers: This Manual , Pesticide Applicator core Training Bradley L. Aaron, academic specialist, Environmental Manual : Certification, Recertification and Registered Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
2 Technician Training , Parts A and B was produced by Steve Allen, Countrymark Cooperative, Inc., Indianapolis, Michigan State University, Pesticide Education Program IN. in conjunction with the Michigan Department of Agriculture with Dr. Larry Olsen providing overall sup- Ned Birkey, Monroe county agriculture and natural port and leadership. The following team members gen- resources agent, Michigan State University Extension, erously gave their time and contributed their expertise Monroe, MI. by reviewing various segments of this Manual . Their Ben Darling, environmental engineer, site response man- input guided the creation and direction of this Training ager, Michigan Department of Agriculture, Lansing, MI. material. We would like to give them distinct recognition Mike Kamrin, professor, Environmental Toxicology, and thanks for their commitment to assisting the Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
3 Pesticide Education Program staff with this project. Dale Mutch, district crop integrated pest management agent, Michigan State University Extension, Hickory Corners, MI. Manuscript Reviewers: Sandy Perry, extension associate, Pesticide Education Program, Michigan State University Extension, East Jan Castanza, Urban Pest Management, DowElanco, Lansing, MI. Bowling Green, OH. Jeffrey Rohlena, Raven Industries, Sioux Falls, SD. Elaine Chittenden, collections manager, Grounds Maintenance, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI Robin Rosenbaum, Pesticide registration manager, Michigan Department of Agriculture, Lansing, MI. Gina Davis, Pesticide certification manager, Michigan Department of Agriculture, Lansing, MI Brian Rowe, Pesticide enforcement coordinator, Michigan Department of Agriculture, Lansing, MI. Tim Doppel, Atwood LawnCare, Inc. Sterling Heights, MI. Mark Swartz, groundwater manager, Michigan Doug Foytek, Aquatrol, Inc.
4 , Clarkston, MI Department of Agriculture, Lansing, MI. Lynnae Jess, extension associate, Pesticide Education Bob Wilkinson, agricultural engineer, Agricultural Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Dan Rajzer, Cass county agriculture and natural resource agent, Michigan State University Extension, Cassopolis, MI. Bob Mansfield, Citizens Elevator, Vermontville, MI Acknowledgements George McManus III, Benton Harbor, MI Materials from several sources were used to compile Carol Osborne, East Michigan Environmental Action this information with significant input from the national Council, Grosse Pointe, MI core Training manuals Applying pesticides Correctly: A Guide for Commercial and Private Pesticide Greg Patchan, Oakland county agriculture and natural Applicators, and Applying pesticides Correctly: resource agent, Michigan State University Extension, Private Applicator Supplement as well as Pest Pontiac, MI Management Principles for the Private Applicator by Natalie Rector, Calhoun county agriculture and natural University of Wisconsin.
5 Resource agent, Michigan State University Extension, We would like to express our thanks to the following Marshall, MI people for assisting in the production of this Manual : Paul Wylie, Allegan county agriculture and natural Larry G. Olsen, Pesticide education coordinator, resource agent, Michigan State University Extension, Michigan State University Extension; Leslie Johnson, Allegan, MI MSU Extension Outreach Communications; Dave Roberts, MSU Department of Botany and Plant Pathology; Gary Van Ee, MSU Department of Agri- cultural Engineering; Karen Renner, MSU Crop and Soil Science Department; Phil Korson, Cherry Marketing Institute; Tom Weise, Michigan Department of Natural Resources; Gary Thornton and Jim Bardenhagen, Michigan State University Extension; and Ken Dettmer, Graphicom, East Lansing, MI. 2. Table of Contents Contributors .. 2. Acknowledgements .. 2. How to use this Manual .
6 6. Part A: Commercial and private applicators and registered technicians Chapter 1 Principles of Pest Management .. 11. Pest Management Strategies .. 12. Integrated Pest Management .. 12. Techniques Used in Pest Management .. 14. Pest Control Failures .. 16. Chapter 2 Laws and Regulations .. 18. Federal Laws .. 19. Michigan Laws .. 23. Chapter 3 pesticides .. 30. Classification .. 31. Pesticide Formulations .. 34. Compatibility of pesticides .. 40. Chapter 4 Pesticide Labeling and Registration .. 44. EPA Approval of Pesticide Labeling .. 45. Parts of Pesticide Labeling .. 45. Three Methods of Rating Hazardous Materials .. 49. Chapter 5 pesticides in the Environment .. 54. Sources of Contamination .. 55. Pesticide Movement .. 56. Processes Affecting pesticides .. 57. Surface Water Contamination .. 58. Groundwater Contamination .. 58. Factors Affecting Surface and Groundwater Contamination.
7 60. Pesticide Effects on Nontarget Plants and Animals .. 63. Harmful Effects on Surfaces .. 64. Chapter 6 pesticides and Human Health .. 66. Pesticide Hazards .. 67. Exposure: How pesticides Enter the Body .. 67. Acute Toxicity and Signal Words .. 69. Acute Effects and First Aid .. 70. Insecticide Poisonings .. 71. Chronic and Other Delayed Effects .. 72. Allergic Effects .. 73. Heat Stress .. 73. Heat Cramps .. 74. 3. Chapter 7 Personal Protective Equipment .. 77. Personal Safety Considerations .. 78. Safety: Protect Yourself From pesticides .. 78. Choosing Chemical-resistant Materials .. 79. Protective Clothing .. 79. Laundering Pesticide -contaminated Clothing .. 81. Personal Care After Application .. 81. Chapter 8 Safe Pesticide Handling.. 83. Are You Prepared For Emergencies? .. 84. Safe Mixing and Loading Practices .. 84. Applying pesticides Safely .. 86. After Mixing, Loading and Application.
8 87. Safety Systems .. 88. Pesticide Storage .. 89. Prevent Pesticide Fires .. 91. Transportation of pesticides .. 91. Part B: Private applicators only Chapter 1 Laws and Regulations .. 99. Federal Laws .. 100. Michigan Laws .. 103. Chapter 2 Pests and Pest Management .. 105. Insects and Insectlike Pests .. 106. Insects .. 106. Insectlike Pests .. 108. Damage Caused by Insects and Insectlike Pests .. 109. Insect Pest Management Strategy .. 111. Plant Diseases .. 114. Pathogenic Plant Diseases .. 114. Diagnosis of Plant Disease .. 115. Managing Plant Disease .. 116. Weeds .. 118. Weed Classification .. 118. Development Stages .. 119. Life Cycle of Plants .. 119. Weed Management Strategy .. 119. Herbicides .. 121. Choosing a Type of Herbicide .. 121. Chemicals That Change Plant Processes .. 122. Vertebrate Pests .. 122. Controlling Vertebrates .. 123. Chapter 3 Calculating Dilutions and Site Size.
9 127. Diluting pesticides Correctly .. 128. Diluting Dry Formulations .. 128. Diluting Liquid Formulations .. 131. Mixing Concentrates for Airblast Sprayers or Mist Blowers .. 134. Converting Between Square Feet and Acres .. 134. Calculating Size of Target Sites .. 135. Regularly Shaped Sites .. 135. Irregularly Shaped Sites .. 136. Volume of Enclosed Spaces .. 137. 4. Chapter 4 Application Equipment .. 143. Sprayers .. 144. Sprayer Parts .. 147. Aerosol Generators and Foggers .. 152. Dusters and Granule Applicators .. 152. Animal Application Equipment .. 153. Bait Application Equipment .. 154. Specialized Application Equipment .. 154. Chapter 5 Calibration .. 158. Calibrating for Liquid Pesticide Applications .. 159. Calibrating Granule Applicators .. 165. GLOSSARY .. 169. Answers to Review Questions .. 179. APPENDIXES (This information is not included on the Michigan Department of Agriculture Pesticide Applicator certification examinations.)
10 187. A: Convenient Conversion 187. B: EPA Chemical Resistance Category Chart .. 191. C: SARA Title III List .. 192. D: Compatibility Test for Pesticide Tank Mixes .. 194. E: Resources .. 196. Michigan State University Extension Offices .. 196. Michigan Department of Agriculture .. 198. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality .. 199. Michigan Groundwater and Fresh Water Protection Act: Sources of Information and Assistance .. 200. Michigan Counties with Endangered Species Interim Bulletins Available for the Kirkland's Warbler 200. Pesticide Emergency Information (Telephone numbers) .. 201. 5. STOP! Read this important information! Part A should be read by all persons preparing to take How to use this Manual and become a the core Pesticide Applicator state certification, recertifi- certified Applicator or registered cation or registered technician exam. technician. Part B serves as supplemental information pertinent to Pesticide -related tasks performed by private applicators This Manual , Pesticide Applicator core Training Manual and should be read in addition to Part A by people certi- Certification, Recertification and Registered Technician fying or recertifying as private Pesticide applicators.