Example: biology

pKa's of Organic Acids And Bases - UC Santa Barbara

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  Base, Acid, Organic, Of organic acids and bases

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Transcription of pKa's of Organic Acids And Bases - UC Santa Barbara

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

3 F9L1! >C?1AC! C"?8+0,N850,5&-,#*!&*#+! @E! F9EI! >C?1AC! V&*%#*!&*#+! I22! C92L! >C?1AF! M(8*)0#*!&*#+! @E! C9E@! >C?DG! :T)%#+#-)! @E! II9@O! >C?DGA@! !":(&-#-)! I! @E! @9CF! @! @E! O9LD! >C?DGA@! !":(&-#-)! I! @E! C9EE! @! @E! I29@F! >C?DGA@! J)%"8(3(8*#-)! I! @E! @9@I! @! @E! I29I@! >C?DGA@R! >8$%)#-)! I! @E! I9O@! @! @E! L9CD! C! @E! I29D2! >C?DGAC! R)0#-)! I! @E! @9IO! @! @E! O9@I! >C?DGAER! "">8$%)#*!&*#+! I! @E! I9C! @! @E! I9O! C! @E! L9D2! >C?DGCA@! M(8*,*8&4#-)! @E! @9L@! >C?LAC! M(8*)0,(! @E! IF9IE! >C?OG! U0,58(&4#-)! @2! I2912! >C?OG! !0#4)%"8(&4#-)! @E! O9L2! >C?OGA! I":4#-,"@"4)%",N8)%"&-)! I2! O9LO! >C?OGA! !0#4)%"8(&4#-)!,N#+)! @E! F91E! >C?I2G@! I7@"U0,5&-)+#&4#-)! I! @E! O9L@! @! @E! 191I! >C?I2G@! I7C"U0,5&-)+#&4#-)! I! I2! I29OF! @! I2! O92C! >C?IIGC! I7@7C"!0#&4#-,50,5&-)! I! @2! O9EO! @! @2! D9OE! >F?

4 FG@! U80&T#-)! @D! 291E! >F?FG@! U80#+&T#-)! @2! @9@F! >F?FG@AC! P&0'#%60#*!&*#+! @E! F92I! >F?FG@AE! :((,N&-#*!&*#+! @E! 191F! >F?FGFA@! E"G#%0,580#4#+#-&4#-)! @2! 29CE! >F?FAF! #$%&'"B64&0#*!&*#+! I! IL! C92C! @! IL! F9FF! >F?FAF! J&()#*!&*#+! I! @E! I9LC! @! @E! 192D! >F?FAE! AN&(,&*)%#*!&*#+! I! @E! @9@@! @! @E! C9LO! C! @E! IC92C! >F?EGC! @"U80#4#+#-&4#-)! @2! C9FE! >F?1G@! I"J)%"8(#4#+&T,(! @E! 19OE! >F?1 GFAC! :((&-%,#-! @E! L9O1! >F?1A@! C"P6%)-,#*!&*#+! @E! F9CF! >F?1A@! #$%&'">0,%,-#*!&*#+! @E! F91O! >F?1AC! :*)%,&*)%#*!&*#+! IL! C9EL! >F?1AC! @"AN,'6%&-,#*!&*#+! @E! @9E2! >F?1AF! J)%"84&(,-#*!&*#+! I! @E! C92D! @! @E! E9D1! >F?1AF! R6**#-#*!&*#+! I! @E! F9I1! @! @E! E91I! >F?1AE! J&(#*!&*#+! I! @E! C9F2! @! @E! E9II! >F?1A1! ""!&0%&0#*!&*#+! I! @E! @9OL! @! @E! F9CF! >F?1A1! ()'*"!&0%&0#*!&*#+! I! @E! C9@@! @! @E!

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

8 &*#+! I! @E! F92E! @! @E! L9O2! >E?OGAC! #$%&'"F"?8+0,N80,(#-)! I! @E! I9 LIL! @! @E! O911@! >E?OGAC! L"?8+0,N8560#-)! I! @2! @9E1! @! @2! L9@1! >E?OGAF! V"M(6%&4#*!&*#+! I! @E! @9IC! @! @E! F9CI! >E?OGC! ?#$%&4#-)! I! @E! 192F! @! @E! O9DE! >E?I2G@A@! K#&4#-,5#4)(#*!&*#+! I! @E! I9L! @! @E! @9@! C! @E! L9L! F! @E! O9O! >E?I2G@AC! V"M(6%&4#-)! I! @E! @9ID! @! @E! O9IC! >E?I2G@AC! M(8*8(&(&-#-)! @E! C9IE! >E?I2G@AF! M(8*8($)0#-)! I! @E! @9OL! @! @E! L9CL! >E?I2A@! @"J)%"8('6%&-,#*!&*#+! @E! F9L2! >E?I2A@! C"J)%"8('6%&-,#*!&*#+! @E! F9DD! >E?I2A@! U)-%&-,#*!&*#+! @E! F9LF! >E?I2A@! !0#4)%"8(&*)%#*!&*#+!!!! @E! E92C! >E?IIG! +"J)%"8(5800,(#+#-)! @E! I29C@! >E?IIG! U#5)0#+#-)! @E! II9I@C! >E?IIGA@! E":4#-,5)-%&-,#*!&*#+! I! @E! F9@D! @! @E! I29D11! >E?IIGA@! P)%&#-)! 2! I9LC! >E?IIGA@! G,0/&(#-)! I! @E! @9C@! @! @E! O9LI! >E?IIGA@!

9 +"U0,58(3(8*#-)! I! @E! @9CE! @! @E! I29IO! >E?IIGA@! Z&(#-)! I! @E! @9@O! @! @E! O9DF! >E?IIGA@R! J)%"#,-#-)! I! @E! @9IC! @! @E! O9@D! >E?I@G@A@! A0-#%"#-)! I! @E! I9D2E! @! @E! L91O! C! @E! I29D1! >E?ICG! I":4#--,"@7@"+#4)%"8(50,5&-)! @E! I29IE! >E?ICG! K#)%"8(4)%"8(&4#-)! @E! I29CE! >E?ICG! C"J)%"8("I"'6%&-&4#-)! @E! I2912! >E?ICG! @"J)%"8(!@"'6%&-&4#-)! IO! I29LE! >E?ICG! C"U)-%&-&4#-)! ID! I29EO! >E?ICG! U)-%8(&4#-)! @E! I291C! >E?IFGA! >",(#-)! @E! IC9O! >E?IFG@! >&+&/)0#-)! I! @E! I292E! @! @E! I29OC! >1?C>QGF! 1">'(,0,5%)0#+#-)! @2! C91L! >1?CGCAD! U#*0#*!&*#+! @E! 29CL! >1?F>(@A! @7C"K#*"(,0,5")-,(! @E! D9FF! >1?FG@AC! E"?8+0,N8(8$#-)! @E! @9IC! >1?FG@AE! @7F"K#-#%0,5")-,(! IE! C9O1! >1?FG@AE! C71"K#-#%0,5")-,(! IE! E9IE! >1?FGF! U%)0#+#-)! @2! F92E! >1?EP0@G! C7E"K#'0,4,&-#(#-)! @E! @9CF! >1?E>QA! @">"(,0,5")-,(!

10 @E! L9FO! >1?E>QA! C">"(,0,5")-,(! @E! L9LE! >1?E>QA! F">"(,0,5")-,(! @E! O9IL! >1?E>Q@G! @7F"K#*"(,0,&-#(#-)! @@! @92E! >1?EGA! @"U80#+#-)*&0',N&(+)"8+)! @2! C9L2! >1?EGA@! G#%0,')-T)-)! 2! C9OL! >1?EGA@! U#*,(#-#*!&*#+! I! @E! I92D! @! @E! E9@E! >1?EGA@! C"U80#+#-)*&0',N8(#*!&*#+! @E! F9LE! >1?EGA@! F"U80#+#-)*&0',N8(#*!&*#+! @E! F9O1! >1?EGAC! @"G#%0,5")-,(! @E! D9ID! >1?EGAC! C"G#%0,5")-,(! @E! L9@L! >1?EGAC! F"G#%0,5")-,(! @E! D9IE! >1?EGEA! @":4#-,"F""8+0,N85%)0#+#-)! I! @2! @9@D! @! @2! D9O1! >1?EGEA@! [&-%",5%)0#-! @! @2! 19EO! C! @2! O9CI! >1?1P0G! @"P0,4,&-#(#-)! @E! @9EC! >1?1P0G! C"P0,4,&-#(#-)! @E! C9EL! >1?1P0G! F"P0,4,&-#(#-)! @E! C9L1! >1?1>QG! @">"(,0,&-#(#-)! @E! @91E! >1?1>QG! C">"(,0,&-#(#-)! @E! C9F1! >1?1>QG! F">"(,0,&-#(#-)! @E! F9IE! >1?1BG! @"B(6,0,&-#(#-)! @E! C9@2! >1?1BG! C"B(6,0,&-#(#-)! @E! C9E2!)]


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