1 plain english guide to the Part 75 Rule Environmental Protection Agency Clear Air Markets Division 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW. Washington, DC 20460. June, 2009. TABLE of CONTENTS. Page SECTION : What is the purpose of this guide ? ..1. What is Part 75 and who must comply with it? ..1. What is a cap and trade program? ..4. Why is continuous monitoring necessary?..5. How is the Part 75 rule structured?..5. What other Federal regulations interface with Part 75?..7. SECTION : OVERVIEW OF PART 75 MONITORING. Register the Affected Unit(s) with EPA .. 9. Select a Monitoring Methodology ..9. Install and Certify Monitoring Systems ..13. Monitor and Record Emissions Data ..13. Conduct Quality Assurance/Quality Control Procedures ..15. Maintain Records ..15.
2 Report Emissions ..16. SECTION : BASIC CONTINUOUS MONITORING. What is a continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS)?..18. Primary and Backup Monitoring Systems ..21. How must a CEMS be operated? ..22. How are emissions and heat input rates determined from CEMS data? ..22. When are corrections for stack gas moisture content required? ..23. What if a unit has multiple stacks or shares a stack with other units?..26. What are the missing data procedures for CEMS? ..26. SECTION : APPENDIX D METHODOLOGY FOR GAS-FIRED. AND OIL-FIRED What is a gas-fired or oil-fired unit?..27. What is the Appendix D monitoring method? ..28. i Page How is the fuel flow rate measured?..28. What are the fuel sampling requirements of Appendix D?..29. How is the SO2 mass emission rate calculated?
3 31. How is the unit heat input rate calculated? ..31. Which sulfur content, GCV and density values are used in the calculations?..32. What are the on-going quality-assurance requirements of Appendix D? ..34. What are the missing data procedures for an Appendix D unit? ..35. SECTION : APPENDIX E METHODOLOGY FOR GAS-FIRED. AND OIL-FIRED PEAKING UNITS ..36. What is a peaking unit? ..36. How is an Appendix E correlation curve derived? ..37. How are hourly NOx emissions determined? ..38. What are the fuel sampling requirements of Appendix E? ..39. What are the on-going quality-assurance requirements of Appendix E?..39. What are the missing data procedures for an Appendix E unit? ..41. What happens if an Appendix E unit loses its peaking unit status?.
4 41. SECTION : LOW MASS EMISSIONS METHODOLOGY ..42. Description of the What is a low mass emissions (LME) unit?..42. How does a unit qualify for LME status? ..43. How are emissions and heat input calculated for an LME unit? ..45. How are site-specific default NOx emission rates determined for an LME unit ?..47. Which site-specific default NOx emission rates are used for reporting? ..49. What are the recordkeeping and reporting requirements for LME units? ..50. What are the on-going QA/QC requirements for LME units?..51. What happens if a low mass emissions unit loses its LME status?..52. SECTION : PART 75 MONITORING SYSTEM CERTIFICATION. PROCEDURES ..53. How are Part 75 monitoring systems certified? ..53. Step 1 Submit an Initial Monitoring Plan.
5 53. Step 2 Submit Certification Test Step 3 Conduct Certification Step 4 Submit Certification Application ..58. ii Page Step 5 Receive Agency Approval or Disapproval ..59. What reference test methods and standards are used for certification testing ? ..59. What performance specifications must be met for certification?..60. What is meant by the span value , and why is it important? ..63. Recertification and Diagnostic SECTION : QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL. (QA/QC) PROCEDURES ..67. Does Part 75 require periodic quality QA/QC testing after a monitoring system is certified?..67. What are the on-going QA test requirements in Part 75 for units reporting emissions data year-round? ..67. Are there any exceptions to these basic QA test requirements?
6 69. Are there any special considerations when performing these basic QA tests ?..70. What are the on-going QA test requirements for ozone season-only reporters ? ..72. What performance specifications must be met for the routine QA tests required by Part 75? ..73. Are there any notification requirements for the periodic QA tests? ..75. What are the essential elements of a Part 75 QA/QC program? ..75. SECTION : MISSING DATA SUBSTITUTION PROCEDURES ..77. Does Part 75 require emissions to be reported for every unit operating hour ?..77. How are emissions data reported when a monitoring system is not working ?..77. What are the Part 75 missing data procedures for CEMS?..79. What are the missing data procedures for Appendices D, E, and G? ..81. What is conditional data validation?
7 83. SECTION : PART 75 REPORTING What are the basic reporting requirements of Part 75? ..85. How does EPA evaluate the electronic reports? ..86. Part 75 Audit Program ..87. Page iii APPENDIX A: Part 75 Monitoring Requirements for Common Stack and Multiple Stack Configurations ..89. APPENDIX B: On-Going QA Test Requirements for Ozone Season-Only APPENDIX C: iv ACRONYMS. AGA - American Gas Association API - American Petroleum Institute ARP - Acid Rain Program ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM - American Society of Testing and Materials BAF - Bias Adjustment Factor CAIR - Clean Air Interstate Regulation CAMD - Clean Air Markets Division CAMR Clean Air Mercury Regulation CDV - Conditional Data Validation CEM - Continuous Emission Monitoring CEMS - Continuous Emission Monitoring System CFR - Code of Federal Regulations CO2 - Carbon Dioxide DAHS - Data Acquisition and Handling System DP - Differential Pressure DR - Designated Representative ECMPS Emissions Collection and Monitoring Plan System EDR - Electronic Data Reporting EGU - Electric Generating Unit v EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
8 ETS - Emissions Tracking System GCV - Gross Calorific Value GHR - Gross heat Rate GPA - Gas Processors Association Hg - Mercury ISO - International Organization for Standardization LME - Low Mass Emissions MCR Maximum Controlled Emission Rate MDC - Monitoring Data Checking MER - Maximum Potential Emission Rate (MER). MPC Maximum Potential Concentration NBP - NOx Budget Trading Program NIST - National Institute of Standards and Technology NSPS - New Source Performance Standards NOx - Nitrogen Oxides O2 - Oxygen OOC - Out-of-Control PLC - Programmable Logic Controller PMA - Percent Monitor Data Availability PNG - Pipeline Natural Gas QA/QC - Quality Assurance/Quality Control vi RA - Relative Accuracy RATA - Relative Accuracy Test Audit RM - Reference method SIP - State Implementation Plan SO2 - Sulfur Dioxide TTFA - Targeting Tool for Field Audits WAF - Wall Effects Adjustment Factor UNITS of MEASURE.
9 Btu - British thermal unit dscfh - Dry standard cubic feet per hour dscf/mmBtu - Dry standard cubic feet per million Btu lb/hr - Pounds per hour lb/mmBtu - Pounds per million Btu lb/scf - Pounds per standard cubic foot mmBtu/hr - Million Btu per hour ppmv - Parts per million by volume scfh - Standard cubic feet per hour scf CO2/mmBtu - Standard cubic feet of CO2 per million Btu tons/hr - Tons per hour tons/scf - Tons per standard cubic foot INTRODUCTION. What is the purpose of this guide ? vii EPA has developed this plain - english guide as a road map to help interested parties navigate through the complex Part 75 continuous emission monitoring rule. This guide may be useful to people responsible for complying with the rule, regulatory agencies assessing compliance with the rule, and others who want a general understanding of the emissions monitoring approach used in emissions trading programs.
10 This guide , although quite comprehensive, does not replace the Part 75 rule. Rather, it provides a general overview of Part 75 and is intended to clarify the regulation. To gain a more complete understanding of the rule, it is necessary to carefully read and study Part 75, as well as the associated guidance documents issued by EPA, such as the Part 75 Emissions Monitoring Policy Manual , Part 75 Administrative Processes , and the ECMPS Reporting Instructions ). For further information on EPA's emissions trading programs, continuous emissions monitoring, Part 75, and related topics, visit the EPA Clean Air Markets Division (CAMD). website at: What is Part 75 and who must comply with it ? The Part 75 rule, which is found in Volume 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), was originally published in January, 1993.