1 AMERICAN ACADEMY OF Pediatric Dentistry . Policy on the Dental home Review Council Council on Clinical Affairs Latest Revision 2015. Purpose subsequent periodicity of reappointment is based upon risk The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) sup- assessment. This provides time-critical opportunities to im- ports the concept of a Dental home for all infants, children, plement preventive health practices and reduce the child's adolescents, and persons with special health care needs. The risk of preventable Dental /oral Dental home is inclusive of all aspects of oral health that result from the interaction of the patient, parents, dentists, Dental Policy statement professionals, and nondental professionals. Establishment of the The AAPD encourages parents and other care providers to Dental home is initiated by the identification and interaction help every child establish a Dental home by 12 months of of these individuals, resulting in a heightened awareness of age.
2 The AAPD recognizes a Dental home should provide: all issues impacting the patient's oral health. This concept is Comprehensive, continuously-accessible, family- derived from the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) centered, coordinated, compassionate, and culturally- definition of a medical home which states Pediatric primary effective care for children, as modeled by the health care is best delivered or supervised by qualified child ,2,4,12. health ,2 Comprehensive oral health care including acute care and preventive services in accordance with AAPD. Methods periodicity This Policy was originally developed by the Council on Clin- Comprehensive assessment for oral diseases and ical Affairs and adopted in 2001. This document is an update conditions.
3 From the last revision in 2012. This Policy is based on a Individualized preventive Dental health program based review of the current Dental and medical literature related to upon a caries-risk assessment 14 and a periodontal the establishment of a Dental home . An electronic search was disease risk assessment15. conducted using the terms: Dental home , medical home in Anticipatory guidance regarding growth and dev- pediatrics, and infant oral health care; fields: all fields: limits: elopment. within the last 10 years, humans, English. Papers for review Plan for acute Dental trauma. were chosen from this list and from references within selected Information about proper care of the child's teeth articles. Expert opinions and best current practices were relied and gingivae.
4 This would include the prevention, di- upon when clinical evidence was not available. agnosis, and treatment of disease of the supporting and surrounding tissues and the maintenance of Background health, function, and esthetics of those structures The AAP issued a Policy statement defining the medical home and tissues. in Since that time, it has been shown that health care Dietary counseling. provided to patients in a medical home environment is more Referrals to Dental specialists when care cannot di- effective and less costly in comparison to emergency care rectly be provided within the Dental home . facilities or Strong clinical evidence exists for the Education regarding future referral to a dentist knowl- efficacy of early professional Dental care complemented with edgeable and comfortable with adult oral health caries-risk assessment, anticipatory guidance, and periodic issues for continuing oral health care.
5 The establishment of a Dental home may follow Referral at an age determined by patient, parent, and the medical home model as a cost-effective and higher quality Pediatric dentist. health care alternative to emergency care Children who have a Dental home are more likely to receive appropriate preventive and routine oral health care. Refer- ABBREVIATIONS. ral by the primary care physician or health provider has been AAP: American Academy of Pediatrics. AAPD: American Academy recommended, based on risk assessment, as early as six months Pediatric Dentistry . of age and no later than 12 months of Furthermore, ORAL HE ALTH policies 29. REFERENCE MANUAL V 39 / NO 6 17 / 18. The AAPD advocates interaction with early intervention 9. Casamassimo P, Holt K, eds.
6 Bright Futures in Practice: programs, schools, early childhood education and child care Oral Health. Pocket Guide, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: programs, members of the medical and Dental communi- National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource ties, and other public and private community agencies to Center; 2014. ensure awareness of age-specific oral health 10. American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Pediatric Dentistry . Oral health risk assessment timing and estab- References lishment of the Dental home . Pediatrics 2003;111(5): 1. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Pediat- 1113-6. ric Workforce. Scope of practice issues in the delivery of 11. US Dept of Health and Human Services. Healthy People Pediatric health care. Pediatrics 2013;131(6):1211-6.
7 2020: Oral health of children and adolescents. Available 2. American Academy of Pediatrics. The medical home . at: Pediatrics 2002;110(1Pt1):184-6. /topic/oral-health/objectives . Accessed September 1, 3. American Academy of Pediatrics Ad Hoc Task Force on 2015. the Definition of the Medical home . The medical home . 12. American Academy of Pediatrics. Ensuring culturally Pediatrics 1992;90(5):774. effective Pediatric care: Implications for education and 4. American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Children health Policy . Pediatrics 2004;114(6):1677-85. with Disabilities. Care coordination: Integrating health 13. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry . Guideline on and related systems of care for children with special periodicity of examination, preventive Dental services, health care needs.
8 Pediatrics 2005;116(5):1238-44. anticipatory guidance/counseling, and oral treatment for 5. Kempe A, Beaty B, Englund BP, Roark RJ, Hester N, infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatr Dent 2015;. Steiner JF. Quality of care and use of the medical home 37(special issue):123-31. in a state-funded capitated primary care plan for low- 14. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry . Guideline income children. Pediatrics 2000;105(5):1020-8. on caries-risk assessment and management for infants, 6. Savage MF, Lee JY, Kotch JB, Vann WF Jr. Early prevent- children, and adolescents. Pediatr Dent 2015;37(special ive Dental visits: Effects on subsequent utilization and issue):132-9. costs. Pediatrics 2004;114:e418-23. 15. American Academy of Periodontology.
9 Periodontal di- 7. Allareddy V, Nalliah RP, Haque M, Johnson H, Tech SRB, seases of children and adolescents. J Periodontol 2003;. Lee MK. Hospital-based emergency department visits 74(11):1696-704. with Dental conditions among children in the United 16. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry . Dental home States: Nationwide epidemiological data. Pediatr Dent resource center. Available at: 2014;36(5):393-9. advocacy/dentalhome/ . Accessed September 1, 2015. 8. Nowak AJ, Casamassimo PS. The Dental home : A pri- mary oral health concept. J Am Dent Assoc 2002;133. (1):93-8. 30 ORAL HE ALTH policies .