1 All papers, statistics and materials contained in the Country Profiles express entirely the opinion of the mentioned authors. They should not, unless otherwise mentioned, be attributed to the Secretariat of the United Nations. The designations employed and the presentation of material on maps in the Country Profiles do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any Country , territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. RREEPPUUBBLLIICC OOFF ZZAAMMBBIIAA PPuubblliicc AAddmmiinniissttrraattiioonn CCoouunnttrryy PPrrooffiillee Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) United Nations July 2004 Table of Contents Table of 1.
2 General Information ..3 Economy ..3 Public Public Sector Employment and 2. Legal Legislative Executive Judiciary Branch ..6 Local 3. The State and Civil NGOs and Civil 4. Civil Service ..10 Legal 5. Ethics and Civil Corruption ..13 6. e-Government e-Participation ..16 7. National Miscellaneous 1 Zambia Click here for detailed map Source: The World Factbook - ZambiaZambia became a republic immediately upon attaining independence in October 1964. The constitution promulgated on August 25, 1973, abrogated the original 1964 constitution. Government type Republic Independence 24 October 1964 (from UK) Constitution 2 August 1991; amended 28 May 1996 (click here) Legal system Based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory International Court of Justice jurisdiction Administrative divisions 9 provinces; Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western Source: The World Factbook - ZambiaThe new constitution and the national elections that followed in December 1973 were the final steps in achieving what was called a "one-party participatory democracy.
3 " The 1973 constitution provided for a strong president and a unicameral National Assembly. National policy was formulated by the Central Committee of the United National Independence Party (UNIP), the sole legal party in Zambia. The cabinet executed the central committee's policy. In December 1990, at the end of a tumultuous year that included riots in the capital and a coup attempt, President Kenneth Kaunda signed legislation ending UNIP's monopoly on power. In response to growing popular demand for multi-party democracy, and after lengthy, difficult negotiations between the Kaunda government and opposition groups, Zambia enacted a new constitution in August 1991. The constitution allowed for more than one presidential candidate who no longer had to be a member of UNIP.
4 The constitution was amended again in 1996 to set new limits on the presidency (including a retroactive two-term limit, and a requirement that both parents of a candidate be Zambian-born). Source: Department of State (Background Notes) - Zambia 2 ZZAAMMBBIIAA GGeenneerraall IInnffoorrmmaattiioonn People Zambia Botswana Tanzania 1 Population a Total estimated population (,000), 2003 10,812 1,785 36,977 Female estimated population (,000), 2003 5,438 909 18,661 Male estimated population (,000), 2003 5,374 876 18,316 Sex ratio (males per 100 females), 2003 99 96 98 Average annual rate of change of pop. (%), 2000-2005 Youth and Elderly Population b Total population under age 15 (%), 2003 47 40 45 Female population aged 60+ (%), 2003 5 5 4 Male population aged 60+ (%), 2003 4 4 4 Human Settlements c Urban population (%), 2001 40 49 33 Rural population (%), 2001 60 51 67 Urban average annual rate of change in pop.
5 (%), 00- 05 Rural average annual rate of change in pop/ (%), 00- 05 Education d Total school life expectancy, 2000/2001 5 1 Female school life expectancy, 2000/2001 5 1 Male school life expectancy, 2000/2001 1 Female estimated adult (15+) illiteracy rate (%), 2000 2 Male estimated adult (15+) illiteracy rate (%), 2000 2 Employment e Unemployment rate (15+) (%), 2000 .. 1 Female adult (+15) economic activity rate (%), 2000 .. 48 .. 2 Male adult (+15) economic activity rate (%), 2000 .. 70 .. 2 Notes: i 1990; ii 1991; iii Age 12+, Year beginning in August of year indicated Economy Zambia Botswana Tanzania 2 GDP a GDP total (millions US$), 2002 3,683 5,188 9,383i GDP per capita (US$), 2002 352 3,030 267i PPP GDP total (millions int.)
6 US$), 2002 8,431 14,112 19,589 PPP GDP per capita(int. US$), 2002 806 8,243 557 Sectors b Value added in agriculture (% of GDP), 2004 Value added in industry (% of GDP), 2004 Value added in services (% of GDP), 2004 Miscellaneous c GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth), 2004 Private consumption (% of GDP), 2004 Government consumption (% of GDP), 2004 Notes: i Estimate is based on regression; other PPP figures are extrapolated from the latest International Comparison Programme benchmark estimates.
7 Data refer to mainland Tanzania only; ii 2003 1 United Nations Statistics Division: a Statistics Division and Population Division of the UN Secretariat; b Statistics Division and Population Division of the UN Secretariat; c Population Division of the UN Secretariat; d1 UNESCO ; d2 UNESCO; e1 ILO; e2 ILO/OECD2 World Bank - Data and Statistics: 3a Quick Reference Tables; b Data Profile Tables ; c Country at a Public Spending Zambia Botswana Tanzania Public expenditures 3 Education (% of GNP), 1985-1987 .. a Education (% of GNP), 1995-1997 .. a Health (% of GDP), 1990 Health (% of GDP), 1998 Military (% of GDP), 1990 2i b Military (% of GDP), 2000 b Total debt service (% of GDP), 1990 Total debt service (% of GDP), 2000 Notes: i 1991; ii 1999 Public Sector Employment and Wages Data from the latest year available Zambia 1991-1995 Zambia 1996-2000 Sub-Saharan Africa average4 1996-2000 Non-Franco-phone Africa average4 1996-2000 Low income group average4 1996-2000 Employment (,000) Civilian Central Government5 (% pop.)
8 (,000) Sub-national Government5 (% pop.) (,000) Education employees (% pop.) (,000) Health employees (% pop.) (,000) .. Police (% pop.) .. (,000) Armed forces (% pop.) (,000) .. SOE Employees (% pop.) .. (,000) .. Total Public Employment (% pop.).
9 Wages Total Central gov't wage bill (% of GDP) Total Central gov t wage bill (% of exp) .. Average gov't wage (,000 LCU) 513 .. Real ave. gov t wage ('97 price) (,000 LCU) 1,929 .. Average gov t wage to per capita GDP ratio .. Source: World Bank - Public Sector Employment and Wages 3 UNDP - Human Development Report 2002a Data refer to total Public expenditure on education, including current and capital expenditures. b As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of military expenditure data over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see SIPRI (2001). 4 Averages for regions and sub regions are only generated if data is available for at least 35% of the countries in that region or sub region.
10 45 Excluding education, health and police if available (view Country Sources for further explanations). LLeeggaall SSttrruuccttuurree Legislative Branch Unicameral National Assembly (150 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms).6 women in parliament: 19 out of 158 seats: (12%).7 The legislative power of the Republic is vested in Parliament, which consists of the President and the National Assembly. The National Assembly consists of 150 elected members, 8 nominated members and the Speaker. Its main function is to enact laws. However, it has a major role on terms of providing checks and balances to the other organs of Government, particularly the Executive. Article 51 of the Constitution stipulates that the Cabinet and Deputy Ministers are collectively accountable to the National Assembly.