1 Office of Pesticide Programs September 2017. Quick Guide for Disinfectant Products for Drinking Water Use by Public Water Systems Understanding Your Responsibility under FIFRA and How FIFRA Approval Relates to SDWA. Purpose: primary enforcement responsibility to implement and enforce these regulations (called primacy ). EP! The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has maintains oversight of the states', tribes' and territories'. developed this Quick reference Guide to provide clarity Drinking water programs, including independent federal for applicants seeking approval for Disinfectant Products enforcement authority. The SDWA generally imposes for Drinking water use.
2 Pesticide Products that bear a requirements on PWSs, not on product manufacturers. Drinking water disinfection label claim are regulated under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide As a result, there is no Disinfectant product approval, registration or license under the SDWA. However, some Act (FIFRA). These Products may also be used by public states, tribes or territories may have such requirements. water systems (PWSs) that are regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). Registration of a pesticide product or regulatory compliance of a pesticide device under FIFRA does not Comparing the Two Statutory Programs, mean that it meets the requirements of other FIFRA and SDWA: environmental and public health protection statutes, The objective of FIFRA is to protect human health and the including the SDWA, or vice versa.
3 Furthermore, FIFRA. environment through regulation of pesticide registration does not mean that the product meets state, distribution, sale and use. All pesticides distributed or tribal or territorial laws regarding Drinking water sold in the must be registered (licensed) by EPA, Products for use by PWSs. unless exempt. Registration ensures that pesticides are properly labeled and that, if used in accordance with How to Use this Guide : their approved labeling, they will not cause unreasonable The graphic on page 2 illustrates general steps for adverse effects on the environment or human health. obtaining product approval for Drinking water disinfection use by PWSs.
4 Note that it is not intended to The SDWA is the primary federal law that protects public convey the steps in a strict chronological order. Drinking water supplies throughout the nation. Under Depending on the applicant's specific needs, certain the SDWA, Congress directs EPA to set national Drinking steps may take place sooner than others. For more water standards to protect public health but allows details on each step of the process, see pages 3 and 4. states, tribes and territories to seek EPA approval for Quick Guide for Disinfectant Products for Drinking Water Use by PWSs 1. Understanding Your Responsibility under FIFRA and How FIFRA Approval Relates to SDWA.
5 If the product is intended to be used for SDWA Drinking water disinfection by PWSs, then proceed as outlined below: FIFRA. S-1) Is the product recognized Consult with EPA F-1) Is the product a pesticide or a device? Device in the Surface Water Drinking Water Treatment Rules and Ground Offices Water Rule ( , chlorine, Pesticide F-2b) Follow EPA Internal chloramine, chlorine dioxide, EPA State/Tribe/Territory Coordination guidance from ozone, or UV)? Coordination Pesticide F-2a) Contact the appropriate product Team Yes No to request a pre-application meeting to Registration S-2b) Consult with identify requirements for product registration.
6 Manual S-2a) For information on PWS state, tribe or territory for devices. requirements for disinfection, on review procedures refer to 40 CFR , 40 CFR for Drinking water F-3) Review Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) efficacy , CFR , Guidance technologies data guidance in OCSPP Guideline for Drinking Manual for Compliance with (Water Supply water uses. Consult with the Antimicrobials Division (AD). the Filtration and Disinfection Guidance 90). for efficacy protocol development and/or protocol Requirements, Stage 1 and 2 modifications prior to testing. disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rules and UV. Disinfection Guidance Manual.
7 S-3) If required by the F-4) Prepare registration package according to the state, tribe or territory, Pesticide Registration Manual and submit to OPP. submit application to state, tribe or territory for product F-5) Await registration decision. F-6) Upon approval of FIFRA registration, proceed with any required state pesticide registration process. 1 This process is applicable for new and existing Products seeking a Drinking water use label for PWS disinfection. 2 FIFRA registration should be obtained before submission to state, tribe or territory. United States 2. Office of Pesticide Programs Environmental Protection Agency FIFRA: F-1) Applicants should first determine whether the F-2b) While devices are subject to certain EPA.
8 product is a pesticide or device. Unless exempt, regulatory requirements, they do not require pesticide Products and devices that make registration as pesticide Products . A device is antimicrobial claims of efficacy are subject to subject to the FIFRA prohibition against certain EPA regulatory requirements. FIFRA misbranding and must be produced in an EPA- defines a pesticide as any substance or mixture registered establishment. of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest. The Additional information on pesticide devices and term pesticide includes antimicrobials ( , the associated FIFRA requirements is available sterilants, disinfectants , sanitizers) in addition to on EP!
9 's website including the Pesticide various other substances used to control pests. Registration Manual. A pesticide device is defined in FIFRA as an F-3) For Products that claim efficacy against a public instrument or contrivance (without a chemical health pest, an applicant must submit data substance) that is used to destroy, repel, trap or demonstrating that efficacy in order to obtain a mitigate any pest such as insects, weeds, product registration. General efficacy testing rodents, animals, birds, mold/mildew, bacteria guidance for Drinking water uses is available in and/or viruses. Devices include ultraviolet light OCSPP Guideline Applicants should systems, ozone generators, water filters, etc.
10 Consult with OPP AD Efficacy Evaluation Team on They do not include equipment used for the efficacy protocol development and/or protocol application of pesticides when sold separately modifications prior to conducting efficacy from the pesticide. testing. F-2a) Unless exempt, Products that contain a F-4) Once an applicant has completed the data and substance or mixture of substances and make a labeling requirements for the product (as agreed pesticidal claim must be registered by EPA prior upon at the pre-application meeting), the to sale or distribution. Applicants seeking applicant should prepare a registration package registration of an antimicrobial pesticide should according to the Pesticide Registration Manual contact the appropriate product Team within the and submit the package to the Agency for Office of Pesticide Programs' (OPP) review.