1 M AKING THE D IFFERENCE. Research and Practice in Community Schools coalition for csommunity chools ABOUT THE COALITION FOR Community Schools . An alliance of more than 160 national, state and local organizations, the Coalition represents Community development and Community building; education; family support and human services;. government; health and mental health services; policy, training and advocacy; philanthropy; and school facilities planning and youth development organizations, as well as local, state and national networks of Community Schools . COALITION FOR Community Schools STAFF. Martin J. Blank, Staff Director Sheri Deboe Johnson, Partnerships Manager Bela P. Shah, Program Associate Noelani Schneider, Program Assistant The Coalition for Community Schools is staffed by the Institute for Educational Leadership.
2 ORDERING INFORMATION. Free copies of the report's executive summary are available. Bulk orders are available at a reduced full report and additional resource materials are available to download free of charge at Single copies of this report are available for $12 prepaid. $2 for shipping and handling will be added if billing is requested. All orders must be received in writing by fax, e-mail or mail. Contact: The Coalition for Community Schools c/o Institute for Educational Leadership 1001 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 310. Washington, DC 20036. T: (202) 822-8405. F: (202) 872-4050. E-mail: Copyright May 2003 by the Coalition for Community Schools , Institute for Educational Leadership. Parts of this document may be reproduced for noncommercial purposes without the express written permission of the publisher, as long as proper citation and attribution is made.
3 ISBN: 0-937846-11-2. M AKING THE D IFFERENCE. Research and Practice in Community Schools MARTIN J. BLANK. ATELIA MELAVILLE. BELA P. SHAH. COALITION FOR Community Schools . EDITING AND DESIGN BY KSA-PLUS COMMUNICATIONS. coalition for csommunity chools Mission Statement The Coalition's mission is to mobilize the assets of Schools , families and communities to create a united movement for Community Schools . Community Schools strengthen Schools , families and communities to improve student learning. (See Appendix E for a full list of partner organizations.). Steering Committee Ira Harkavy, Chair Clifford Johnson Center for Community Partnerships National League of Cities University of Pennsylvania Irv Katz Lisa Villarreal,Vice Chair National Collaboration for Youth California Center for Community -School Partnerships Peter Kleinbard University of California, Davis Fund for the City of New York Carlos Azcoitia Beth Lapin Chicago Public Schools School of the 21st Century.
4 Yale University Doris Baylor Karen Mapp Minneapolis YMCA Institute for Responsive Education Sheri Dunn Berry Helen Nissani National Community Building Network Family Support America Amanda Broun Mary Jo Pankoke Public Education Network Nebraska Foundation for Children and Families Lindsay Callahan Jane Quinn Foundation Consortium Children's Aid Society Joan Devlin Marilyn Smith American Federation of Teachers Communities In Schools Joy Dryfoos Sharon Adams Taylor Independent Researcher American Association of School Administrators Mark Emery Gerald Tirozzi Council of Chief State School Officers National Association of Secondary School Principals Warlene Gary Rachel Tompkins National Education Association The Rural School and Community Trust Mary Gray Martin J.
5 Blank, Staff Director National Center for Community Education Coalition for Community Schools Starla Jewell-Kelly National Community Education Association Preface At a time when education is receiving so much national attention, the Coalition for Community Schools is pleased to share the findings of Making the Difference: Research and Practice in Community Schools . Making the Difference demonstrates that Community Schools are an important solution to the task at hand improving student Schools are facing immense pressure to increase achieve- ment levels on their own, we believe it is time to recognize the power that com- munities, working with educators in Community Schools , bring to the challenge of educating all of our young people to high standards.
6 Making the Difference renews the historic vision of our Schools as centers of our communities places where everyone in a Community works in partnership to educate children. People across the country who are working hard to create com- munity Schools understand that bringing school and Community assets together will help young people succeed in school and life, and will make their families and communities report reflects the work of thousands of Community Schools nationwide. To our knowledge, this is the first time that Research from multiple fields and disciplines has been organized, together with Community Schools Research , to make a strong case for Community Schools . Making the Difference uses Research and evalu- ation data, along with local school experiences and common sense to illustrate why Community Schools are so important to the education and development of all our children.
7 We encourage you to use this report to build partnerships and strengthen support for creating and sustaining Community Schools . Ira Harkavy Chair, Coalition for Community Schools Lisa Villarreal Vice Chair, Coalition for Community Schools Martin J. Blank Staff Director, Coalition for Community Schools Acknowledgments The Coalition wishes to thank Martin J. Blank, Atelia Melaville and Bela P. Shah for their able work in researching and writing this assistance of Joy Dryfoos, a recognized authority in the field of Community Schools , and Jane Quinn, the assistant executive director for Community Schools at the Children's Aid Society, who serve as co-chairs of the Coalition's Research Work Group, was invaluable.
8 Many Coalition partners (see Appendix E) participated in the Research Work Group;. they reviewed multiple versions of this report and greatly strengthened the finished product. Numerous people working in Community Schools provided us with vast amounts of information and important principals, teachers, Community school coordinators and partners from the Schools and communities profiled in this report deserve particular recognition (see Appendix A).We also would like to express our appreciation to the following former principals and com- munity school coordinators who shared their valuable expertise with us:Terrie Lewis, East Elementary School CIS site director; Steven Edwards, East Hartford High School principal; Paul Hamann, Families on Track executive director; Lisa Clark, Howe Family Resource Center execu- tive director; Fred Kravarik, Marquette Elementary School principal; Nancy Sturgeon, North Middle School Community school coordinator; Ron Schumacker, North Middle School assistant principal for student support; and James E.
9 Short, St. Paul High School principal. Thanks go also to other friends who took the time and energy to provide us with their expert feedback on this report: Larry Decker, Florida Atlantic University; Joyce Epstein, Center on School and Community partnership , Johns Hopkins University; Nedra Feeley, Building Community Partnerships; Ronald Ferguson and Sarah McCann, Harvard University; Jean Grossman, Public/Private Ventures; Paul Heckman, University of Washington; Mike Kirst, Stanford University; Milbrey McLaughlin, Stanford University; Steve Parson,Virginia Tech; Lisbeth Schorr, Boundaries Task Force of the Harvard Project on Schooling and Children; Mike Timpane, Rand Corporation; and Joan Wynn, Chapin Hall Center for Children.
10 The Coalition for Community Schools appreciates the sustained support from our funders that has been crucial throughout the life of our work:The Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, the Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund and the Carnegie KnowledgeWorks Foundation, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, the Nellie Mae Education Foundation, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Polk Bros. Fund provided special support for the publication of Making the Difference. The Coalition also is grateful for the support of Elizabeth Hale, president of the Institute for Educational Leadership, and the commitment of the IEL staff and networks to our work. Table of Contents About This Report: Making the Case for Community An Enduring Vision.