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s-w.co/WH6-24 Maya and Aztec and Inca, Oh My!

WEEK 24 maya , Aztec Vol. 15 Issue 4. Fourth Quarter and Inca . maya and Aztec and Inca, Oh My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

maya and aztec and inca, oh my!:khq vrphrqh phqwlrqv s\udplgv \rx suredeo\ wklqn ri (j\sw :khq \rx wklqn ri dgydqfhv lq pdwkhpdwlfv dqg dvwurqrp\ \rx pljkw uhphpehu wkh frqwulexwlrqv ri dqflhqw

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Transcription of s-w.co/WH6-24 Maya and Aztec and Inca, Oh My!

1 WEEK 24 maya , Aztec Vol. 15 Issue 4. Fourth Quarter and Inca . maya and Aztec and Inca, Oh My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iQ +LVWRULDQV EHOLHYH WKH EDOO JDPH ZDV.

3 PRUH WKDQ D VSRUW LW ZDV DOVR D UHOLJLRXV . FHUHPRQ\ 7 HDPV RI WZR WR WKUHH SOD\HUV . ZRXOG DWWHPSW WR JHW D YHU\ KDUG UXEEHU . EDOO WKURXJK D VWRQH ULQJ DQG WKH\ . FRXOGQ W XVH WKHLU KDQGV RU IHHW :LWK WKH . ULQJV IHHW DERYH WKH JURXQG VFRULQJ . ZDV GLI FXOW 7KH ORVLQJ WHDP ZDV . XVXDOO\ VDFUL FHG WR WKH JRGV . 0 DFKX 3 LFFKX 7 HQRFKWLWODQ . &RSiQ DQG 7 LNDO ZHUH LPSRUWDQW . FLWLHV IRU WKHVH FXOWXUHV . 0 RQWH]XPD DQG 3 DFKDFXWL ZHUH . LPSRUWDQW OHDGHUV :KDW GR . \RX DOUHDG\ NQRZ DERXW WKHVH . FLYLOL]DWLRQV" /HW V EHJLQ RXU . MRXUQH\ WR OHDUQ PRUH DERXW WKH . 0D\D $]WHF DQG ,QFD ,W V HDV\ . MXVW WXUQ WKH SDJH . Ancient Temple Discovered in Guatemala ,PDJLQH \RXUVHOI LQ DQFLHQW *XDWHPDOD RQ 'LDEOR 3\UDPLG $UFKDHRORJLVWV ZHUH WKH WRPEV RI WKHLU UR\DOW\ WR VKRZ WKH KLJK . \HDUV DJR ZDONLQJ WKURXJK WKH ZRUNLQJ RQ WKH WRPE ZKHQ WKH\ GLVFRYHUHG SRZHU WKDW WKHLU NLQJV KDG 7KH VWUXFWXUH ZDV . MXQJOH $V \RX FOLPE D KLOO \RX VHH LW D VRPH FDUYLQJV EHKLQG WKDW DUHD :KHQ WKH\ SDLQWHG EULJKW UHG DQG FRXOG EH VHHQ IURP.

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

5 DH istory Worl Cultures of the Americas maya Aztec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iQ LQ +RQGXUDV WKH FXOWXUDO FDSLWDO RI WKH FLW\ /LNH WKH 0D\D DQG WKH ,QFD WKH $]WHF SUDFWLFHG KXPDQ . RI WKH 0D\D (PSLUH $OWKRXJK PDQ\ 0D\D FLWLHV ZHUH RYHUJURZQ E\ VDFUL FH RIWHQ DW WKH WRS RI WKH 7 HQRFKWLWODQ S\UDPLG 7KH\ EHOLHYHG WKDW.))

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ocoa 'R \RX OLNH FKRFRODWH" 5 HFHQW HYLGHQFH VXJJHVWV 50 cups a day. Hernando Cort s took that Mesoamericans were consuming chocolate as far the beans and the xocoatl recipe back back as 1400 Cocoa beans were a very valuable to Spain in 1519.

8 Wealthy people in gift, and people even used the beans as money. The Spain began to sip the new concoction, maya people called the beans but only in secret. Cocoa beans were xocoatl. The Aztec loved cocoa scarce, and they didn't want to share beans but were unable to grow the drink with others. the beans themselves. So, xocoatl The Spanish began serving became an important trading item for the beverage hot and without the maya . the chili pepper. Later, someone Eventually, the Aztec used added sugar. It took about 100. the paste from the roasted years for cocoa beans to reach cocoa beans and added vanilla, other countries in Europe. It cinnamon and chili pepper to continued to be something for make a cold drink (called xocoatl the very wealthy. By 1657, the or chocolatl) that only the wealthy drink was served in London could afford. They also added FKRFRODWH KRXVHV 3 HRSOH . FUXVKHG RZHU SHWDOV DQG said the chocolate had medicinal achiote seeds to make the purposes, especially for stomach drink red like blood.

9 Aztec distress. It was not until 1847 that Emperor Montezuma (1480-1520) really liked someone discovered another great use his xocoatl. Many people think he guzzled more than for chocolate chocolate bars. World History Studies Weekly Ancient History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achacuti (1438-1471). ZDV D SRSXODU WUHDW DPRQJ WKH $]WHF HVSHFLDOO\ ZKLOH ZDWFKLQJ JDPHV . 7KH $]WHF DOVR XVHG SRSFRUQ WR GHFRUDWH WKHLU KHDGGUHVVHV DQG LQ WKHLU.

10 MHZHOU\ $]WHF OLNHG ZHDULQJ MHZHOU\ ZLWK JROG DQG WXUTXRLVH VWRQHV . DQG ORYHG GHFRUDWLQJ ZLWK FRORUIXO IHDWKHUV DV ZHOO The founder of the Inca Empire was brave, ,Q WKH V 6 SDQLVK WURRSV EURXJKW KRUVHV JXQV DQG GRJV WR JKW even as a young man. He proved his bravery WKH $]WHF 7KH\ DOVR EURXJKW D VLOHQW NLOOHU GLVHDVH 0DQ\ $]WHF when the warriors of his father, King SHRSOH GLHG RI WKH PHDVOHV D GLVHDVH QRW QDWLYH WR WKHP DQG DJDLQVW Viracocha, were losing a long battle. To save ZKLFK WKH\ KDG QR LPPXQLW\ 2 WKHU WULEHV ZKR GLGQ W OLNH WKH $]WHF the royal family, King Viracocha VLGHG ZLWK WKH 6 SDQLVK (YHQWXDOO\ LQYDGHUV NLOOHG WKH $]WHF HPSHURU decided to surrender. Viracocha's 0 RQWH]XPD ,, LQ 7KH $]WHF HPSLUH RI DERXW PLOOLRQ SHRSOH son, Pachacuti (whose name means HQGHG DIWHU WKH 6 SDQLVK WRRN FRQWURO GHVWUR\LQJ PXFK RI 7 HQRFKWLWODQ Earth Shaker), knew that most of DQG OHDYLQJ LW LQ UXLQV his father's people would be killed and refused to Inca surrender.)


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