1 2015 Michigan Commercial Driver License Manual 2005 CDL Testing System Section 9 Everything you need to know to pass the written test is in this Section . However, this is only a beginning. Most Hazardous Materials drivers need to know much more on the job. You can learn more by reading and understanding the federal and state rules applicable to hazardous materials, as This Section Covers: well as, attending hazardous materials training courses. Your employer, colleges and universities, and various 9 The Intent of the Regulations associations usually offer these courses. You can get 9 Bulk Tank Loading, Unloading, and copies of the Federal Regulations (49 CFR) through your Marking local Government Printing Office bookstore and various 9 Driver Responsibilities industry publishers. Union or company offices often have 9 Driving and Parking Rules copies of the rules for driver use.
2 Find out where you can 9 Communications Rules get your own copy to use on the job. 9 Emergencies 9 Loading and Unloading The regulations require training and testing for all drivers involved in transporting hazardous materials. Your Hazardous materials are products that pose a risk to employer or a designated representative is required to health, safety, and property during transportation. The provide this training and testing. Hazardous materials term often is shortened to HAZMAT, which you may employers are required to keep a record of training for see on road signs, or to HM in government regulations. each employee as long as that employee is working with Hazardous materials include explosives, various types hazardous materials, and for 90 days thereafter. The of gas, solids, flammable and combustible liquid, and regulations require that hazardous materials employees other materials.
3 Because of the risks involved and the be trained and tested at least once every three years. potential consequences these risks impose, all levels of government regulate the handling of hazardous All drivers must be trained in the security risks of materials. hazardous materials transportation. This training must include how to recognize and respond to possible The Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) is found security threats. in parts 100 - 185 of title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The common reference for these regulations The regulations also require that drivers have special is 49 CFR 100 - 185 training before driving a vehicle transporting certain flammable gas materials or highway route controlled The Hazardous Materials Table in the regulations quantities of radioactive materials.
4 In addition, drivers contains a list of these items. However, this list is not transporting cargo tanks and portable tanks must receive all-inclusive. Whether or not a material is considered specialized training. Each driver's employer or his or her hazardous is based on its characteristics and the designated representative must provide such training. shipper's decision on whether or not the material meets a definition of a hazardous material in the regulations. The Some locations require permits to transport certain regulations require vehicles transporting certain types explosives or bulk hazardous wastes. States and or quantities of hazardous materials to display diamond- counties also may require drivers to follow special shaped, square on point, warning signs called placards. hazardous materials routes.
5 The federal government may require permits or exemptions for special hazardous This Section is designed to assist you in understanding materials cargo such as rocket fuel. Find out about your role and responsibilities in hauling hazardous permits, exemptions, and special routes for the places materials. Due to the constantly changing nature of you drive. government regulations, it is impossible to guarantee absolute accuracy of the materials in this Section . An The Intent of the Regulations up-to-date copy of the complete regulations is essential for you to have. Included in these regulations is a Contain the Material complete glossary of terms. Transporting hazardous materials can be risky. The You must have a commercial driver license (CDL) with a regulations are intended to protect you, those around hazardous materials endorsement before you drive any you, and the environment.
6 They tell shippers how to size vehicle that is used to transport hazardous material package the materials safely and drivers how to load, as defined in 49 CFR You must pass a written transport, and unload the material. These are called test about the regulations and requirements to get this containment rules.. endorsement. Section 9 Hazardous Materials 103. 2015 Michigan Commercial Driver License Manual 2005 CDL Testing System Communicate the Risk 9 Certify on the shipping paper that the shipment has been prepared according to the rules (unless you are To communicate the risk, shippers must warn drivers pulling cargo tanks supplied by you or your employer). and others about the material's hazards. The regulations require shippers to put hazard warning labels on The Carrier packages, provide proper shipping papers, emergency response information, and placards.
7 These steps 9 Takes the shipment from the shipper to its destination. communicate the hazard to the shipper, the carrier, and the driver. 9 Prior to transportation, checks that the shipper correctly described, marked, labeled, and otherwise Assure Safe Drivers and Equipment prepared the shipment for transportation. In order to get a hazardous materials endorsement on 9 Refuses improper shipments. a CDL, you must pass a written test about transporting hazardous materials. To pass the test, you must know 9 Reports accidents and incidents involving hazardous how to: materials to the proper government agency. 9 Identify what are hazardous materials. The Driver 9 Safely load shipments. 9 Makes sure the shipper has identified, marked, and 9 Properly placard your vehicle in accordance with the labeled the hazardous materials properly.
8 Rules. 9 Refuses leaking packages and shipments. 9 Safely transport shipments. 9 Placards vehicle when loading, if required. Learn the rules and follow them. Following the rules reduces the risk of injury from hazardous materials. Taking 9 Safely transports the shipment without delay. shortcuts by breaking rules is unsafe. Non-compliance with regulations can result in fines and jail. 9 Follows all special rules about transporting hazardous materials. Inspect your vehicle before and during each trip. Law enforcement officers may stop and inspect your 9 Keeps hazardous materials shipping papers and vehicle. When stopped, they may check your shipping emergency response information in the proper place. papers, vehicle placards, and the hazardous materials endorsement on your driver license, and your knowledge Communication Rules of hazardous materials.
9 Definitions Hazardous Materials Transportation: Who Does What? Some words and phrases have special meanings when talking about hazardous materials. Some of these The Shipper may differ from meanings you are used to. The words and phrases in this Section may be on your test. The 9 Sends products from one place to another by truck, meanings of other important words are in the glossary at rail, vessel, or airplane. the end of Section 9. 9 Uses the hazardous materials regulations to A material's hazard class reflects the risks associated with determine the product's: it. There are nine different hazard classes. The types of y Identification number. materials included in these nine classes are in Figure y Proper shipping name. y Hazard class. A shipping paper describes the hazardous materials y Packing group.
10 Being transported. Shipping orders, bills of lading, and y Correct packaging. manifests are all shipping papers. Figure shows an y Correct label and markings. example shipping paper. y Correct placards. After an accident or hazardous materials spill or leak, you 9 Must package, mark, and label the materials; prepare may be injured and unable to communicate the hazards shipping papers; provide emergency response of the materials you are transporting. Firefighters and information; and supply placards. police can prevent or reduce the amount of damage or 104 Section 9 Hazardous Materials 2015 Michigan Commercial Driver License Manual 2005 CDL Testing System injury at the scene if they know what hazardous materials Package Labels are being carried. Your life, and the lives of others, may depend on quickly locating the hazardous materials Shippers put diamond-shaped hazard warning labels on shipping papers.