1 Specialised Anti-Corruption Institutions Specialised review OF MODELS. Anti-Corruption Institutions Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia International Anti-Corruption treaties, including the UN Convention against corruption , require member states to establish two types of Anti-Corruption Institutions one to prevent corruption and the other to combat corruption through law enforcement. The treaties also establish standards review OF MODELS NATIO. N. T IO N INTER. for such Anti-Corruption Institutions they should be independent, Specialised and have suf cient ISLA. N LEG. resources to meet their challenging tasks. This book analyses the main functions of prevention and Anti-Corruption S C O RNetwork R UPTIO for O RU. R PTIOE astern N INTE. RNATIO. CONVE. Europe NTI. N T IO N IO N C. N A L. combating corruption and discusses practical ways to ensure the independence, specialisation andNAL CCentral ONV E Asia CONVE.
2 NTION. S LE G IS L AT. ION IN. TERNA. TIO. IO. and resources of Anti-Corruption bodies. E R NATIO IONAL L A T NS LE. GISLAT. P. N IN T T E R N A T. N L E G IS V E N T IO. C ORRU. ISLATIO. N. IONS. IN. L E G ORRU. PTIO N. R R U PTIO ATION. AL C O. V E N T. N N C C O T E R N. ON. The book further studies the different forms of specialisation which exist in different countries and CORR. UPTIO LEGIS. LATIO. TIONS UPTIO. N IN. NAL C UPTI. ONVEN. TIONS. L C ONVEN LATION. CORR. T E R NATIO ATION. CORR. TIO. A IN TERNA. L. describes 14 Anti-Corruption agencies from around the world, including preventive, law-enforcement A L C. TION L E G IS. N E G IS. ISLATIO. N S L. TERNA. S. INTER. NATIO. N IN CONVE. NTION. L E G CONVE. NTION. IS L A T ION IN PTION. N ORRU. L. and combined or multipurpose agencies. Analysis of key factors which can lead Anti-Corruption LATIO TERNA. TIO N A.
3 U PTIO TERNA. TIO N A L. N LEG ERNAT. ION A L. C. LEGIS PT IO N IN. NS C O R R PTIO N IN. RRU P T IO IO N IN T. ENTIO. N S AL CO. NVENT. bodies to success or failure, together with a rich body of country speci c information, practical facts C ORRU N T IO C ORRU. N S C O O RRUPT C O N V ATION. TE. ONVE. N C N. IO N. TIO L E R. TIONA. IO N T. LEGIS. LAT. NAL C S LEG. ISLAT. ONVEN LEGIS. LATIO UPTIO. N IN. ION IN. and contact details will make this book a useful tool for those policy-makers who seek to strengthen E R NATIO CONVE. NTION. T IO NAL C ONVEN. TIONS. N IN TERNA LATION. CORR. N L E GISLAT LA. IN T N A L. RN A A L C. LAT IO S L E G IS. PTIO LE G IS. N INTE. N. ORRU. TIO. Anti-Corruption Institutions in their countries. ION IN. TERNA. A T IO N INTE. RNATIO. T IO N LEGIS CONVE. NTION. N S C ONVEN. TIONS. O R. COR R U P T. GIS L ORR U P T IO. RU P TIO N A L.
4 NTIO N A L C. NS C. ION LE S COR CONVE. TERNA TIO. R U P T E GISLAT. ION C. N T IO N U P TION IN N A L P T ION IN. TERNA. C O N V ENTIO. COR VE TIO. S L R R R U L. TION. L CON TERNA. COR. TIONA. CO. ONVEN LATION LATION. NATIO. NAL C. E R N A TIONA TIONS. LEGIS. L A T ION IN TIONS. LEGIS. N IN TERNA. INTER INT V E N. G IS V E N. AT IO. ION LE. N N. L CO. EGISL. Specialised Anti-Corruption Institutions O. LATION TERNA. TIONA. RRUPT RNATIO. NAL C. TION L. LEGIS T ION IN S C O IO N INTE. R R U P. COR R U P. ION R U P T. IONS C. O. NVENT. COR. LATION ATION. LEGIS. T IO N AL CO IONS L. EGISL. L C O NVENT IONS. TIONA. T. NA V E N E N T. INTER ONV. ON. A T IO NAL C. T E R N A T IO NAL C. ION IN. R N RN A. N INTE N INTE. CORR. UPTIO. N L E GISLAT N COR. RUPTIO. UPTIO L AT IO. GIS. CORR V ENTIO. NS LE. NA L CON. NATIO. INTER. UP. CORR. LATION. LEGIS. IONS LEGI. NAL C. O NVENT.
5 U PTION. NATIO CORR. TIONS. T. ION IN. TER. N ONVEN. RRUPT N V E NAL C. CO L C O E RN IO. A T. T E. LATION NA IN T IN. LEGIS. INTER. NATIO ORRU. PTION. LATION. A T IO N E GISLAT. ION C. T IO N LEGIS GISLA. GISL RUP. S L L E. review OF MODELS. ION R NS. The full text of this book is available on line via these links: IO N L E O NVENT S C O N VENTIO. R. N O. RRUPT. C. NS CO. L C. VENTIO. NA NAL. RNATIO RNATIO. N T IO NS CO UPTIO. N INTE. N A L CON UPTIO. N INTE. C O N VENTIO. ONV E C O R R. NAT IO N C O R R. NA L CO R R U P. INTER. ION. N A T IO NAL C NS LE. GISLAT. A T IO N N S LEG. ISLATIO. IN T E RNATIO S LEGIS. LATION. E G I. TER ONVE N T IO. ISL NVEN T IO. ION NT IO N. NL. IS L A T ION IN R NATIO. NAL C. U P T IO N LEG N ATION. AL CO. N L E GISLAT AT IONAL. CONVE. C O R R UPTIO. LEG E. RR R IO N S T. RRUPT. E. NTION. N IN T T INTE R E N. NS CO ONV. Those with access to all OECD books on line should use this link: UPTIO N IN.
6 UPTIO PTION NAL C. LATION. CORR. O N VENTIO LATION. CORR. N T IO NS CO TION C. ORRU. N A L CONVE INTER. NATIO. N LE. LEGIS. NAL C S L E G IS. C ONV E LE G IS L A. R NAT IO CORR. U P T IO N. R UPT IO. A T IO NTION N A L TIONS IN T E N C O R. N V E E N IO. NS. INTER TIO N. O N N V A T RUP. GISL. TERNA ISLATIO. L C L CO. SourceOECD is the OECD's online library of books, periodicals and statistical databases. IN TERNA. TIONA. IO N IN TERNA. TIONA. N L E G VENTIO. NS LE. C O N VENTIO ISLATIO. N COR. N. LAT IN IO N L E G L. TIONA. O L. RRUPT. IO N C. For more information about this award-winning service and free trials ask your librarian, or write to us CORR. UPT. LEGIS CORR. UPTIO NATIO. NAL. TERNA NVENT. IONS. PTION. R U PTION EGISL. ATION. N T IO NS CO PTION. INTER. IO N IN ATION. AL CO. N S C ORRU. at CO R N S L. NVE N C O R R U. ISLA T T E R N. NTIO C O N V. CONVE.
7 TIO N IN NAL. NAL C. ONVEN. T IO N AL CO S LEG. ISLATIO. P T IO N LEG CORR. UPTIO. N A L INTER. NATIO. IO. AT IO N A IO N. RU IO N. TIO IO N. NT. INTER. T. CONVE. N T T. TERNA. ISLA. S COR. INTER VEN RUP. L CON S LEG N COR. LATION TERNA. TIONA. E NTION CONVE. NTION. T ION IN ISLATIO IONAL. LEGIS UPT IO N IN. AL C O N V. TERNA. T IO N A L. LEG IS L A. CONVE. N T IO N S LEG. INTE R N A T IO N IN TERN. CORR T IO N T IO N T IO N RRUPT. N N A N IN. U P N A L. LA N C O. INTER. IO. CORR. T IO IO. LEGIS. LA. CORR. UPT. INTER. NAT. LEGIS LEGIS. LATIO. ISBN 978-92-64-03979-7.. 28 2008 03 01 P -:HSTCQE=UX^\^\: Page 1 Tuesday, March 11, 2008 10:04 AM. Specialised Anti-Corruption Institutions review OF MODELS. Page 2 Tuesday, March 11, 2008 10:05 AM. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION. AND DEVELOPMENT. The OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation.
8 The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies. The OECD member countries are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Commission of the European Communities takes part in the work of the OECD. OECD Publishing disseminates widely the results of the Organisation's statistics gathering and research on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as the conventions, guidelines and standards agreed by its members.
9 This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries. Corrigenda to OECD publications may be found on line at: OECD 2008. No reproduction, copy, transmission or translation of this publication may be made without written permission. Applications should be sent to OECD Publishing or by fax 33 1 45 24 99 30. Permission to photocopy a portion of this work should be addressed to the Centre fran ais d'exploitation du droit de copie (CFC), 20, rue des Grands-Augustins, 75006 Paris, France, fax 33 1 46 34 67 19, or (for US only) to Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA, fax 1 978 646 8600, 3. Foreword Although its effects on democratic Institutions and economic and social development have long been apparent, the fight against corruption has only recently been placed high on the international policy agenda.
10 Today, many international organisations are addressing the global and multi-faceted challenge of fighting corruption . The OECD. provided a major contribution to this important effort in 1997 with the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions. Soon after, in 2002, the Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on corruption came into force. It develops common standards concerning corruption -related offences, and requires its parties to create Specialised authorities for fighting corruption . The UN Convention Against corruption , which came into force in 2005, is the most universal in its approach; it covers a very broad range of issues including prevention of corruption , criminalisation of corruption , international co-operation, and recovery of assets generated by corruption . It also requires its parties to implement Specialised bodies responsible for preventing corruption and for combating corruption through law enforcement.