1 State Operations Manual appendix M - Guidance to Surveyors: Hospice - (Rev. 149, 10-09-15) Transmittals for appendix M Part I Investigative Procedures I - Introduction C - Post Survey Revisit Part II Interpretive Guidelines Subpart C - Conditions of Participation: Patient Care Definitions Condition of Participation: Patient's Rights (a) Standard: Notice of Rights and Responsibilities (b) Standard: Exercise of Rights and Respect for Property and Person (c) Standard: Rights of the Patient Condition of Participation: Initial and Comprehensive Assessment of the Patient (a) Standard: Initial Assessment (b) Standard: Time Frame for Completion of the Comprehensive Assessment (c) Standard: Content of the Comprehensive Assessment (d) Standard: Update of the Comprehensive Assessment (e) Standard.
2 Patient Outcome Measures Condition of Participation: Interdisciplinary Group, Care Planning, and Coordination of Services (a) Standard: Approach to Service Delivery (b) Standard: Plan of Care (c) Standard: Content of the Plan of Care (d) Standard: Review of the Plan of Care (e) Standard: Coordination of Services Condition of Participation: Quality Assessment and Performance Improvement (a) Standard: Program Scope (b) Standard: Program Data (c) Standard: Program Activities (d) Standard: Performance Improvement Projects (e) Standard: Executive Responsibilities Condition of Participation: Infection Control (a) Standard: Prevention (b)Standard: Control (c) Standard: Education Condition of Participation: Licensed Professional Services Condition of Participation: Core Services (a) Standard: Physician Services (b) Standard: Nursing Services (c) Standard: Medical Social Services (d) Standard: Counseling Services Condition of Participation: Nursing Services Waiver Of Requirement That Substantially All Nursing Services Be Routinely Provided Directly by a Hospice Condition of Participation: Furnishing of Non-core Services Condition of Participation: Physical Therapy (PT), Occupational Therapy (OT), and Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) Waiver of Requirement-Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech-language Pathology and Dietary Counseling Condition of Participation: Hospice Aide and Homemaker Services (a) Standard.
3 Hospice Aide Qualifications (b) Standard: Content and Duration of Hospice Aide Classroom and Supervised Practical Training (c) Standard: Competency Evaluation (d) Standard: In-service Training (e) Standard: Qualifications for Instructors Conducting Classroom And Supervised Practical Training (f) Standard: Eligible Competency Evaluation Organizations (g) Standard: Hospice Aide Assignments and Duties (h) Standard: Supervision of Hospice Aides (i) Standard: Individuals Furnishing Medicaid Personal Care Aide-Only Services under a Medicaid Personal Care Benefit (j) Standard: Homemaker Qualifications (k) Standard: Homemaker Supervision and Duties Condition of participation: Volunteers (a) Standard: Training (b) Standard: Role (c) Standard: Recruiting and Retaining (d) Standard: Cost Saving (e) Standard: Level of Activity Subpart D --Conditions of Participation: Organizational Environment Condition of Participation: Organization and Administration of Services (a) Standard: Serving the Hospice Patient and Family (b) Standard: Governing Body and Administrator (c) Standard: Services (d) Standard: Continuation of Care (e) Standard: Professional Management Responsibility (f) Standard: Hospice Multiple Locations (g) Standard: Training Condition of Participation: Medical Director.
4 (a) Standard: Medical Director Contract (b)Standard: Initial Certification of Terminal Illness (c) Standard: Recertification of the Terminal Illness (d) Standard: Medical Director Responsibility Condition of participation: Clinical Records (a) Standard: Content (b) Standard: Authentication (c) Standard: Protection of Information (d) Standard: Retention of Records (e) Standard: Discharge or Transfer of Care (f) Standard: Retrieval of Clinical Records Condition of Participation: Drugs and Biologicals, Medical Supplies, and Durable Medical Equipment (a) Standard: Managing Drugs and Biologicals (b) Standard: Ordering of Drugs (c) Standard: Dispensing of Drugs and Biologicals (d) Standard: Administration of Drugs and Biologicals (e) Standard: Labeling, Disposing, and Storing of Drugs and Biologicals (f) Standard: Use and Maintenance of Equipment and Supplies Condition of Participation: Short-term Inpatient Care (a) Standard: Inpatient Care for Symptom Management and Pain Control (b) Standard: Inpatient Care for Respite Purposes (c)Standard: Inpatient Care Provided under Arrangements (d) Standard: Inpatient Care Limitation (e) Standard: Exemption from Limitation.
5 Condition of Participation: Hospices that Provide Inpatient Care Directly (a) Standard: Staffing (b) Standard: Twenty-four Hour Nursing Services (c) Standard: Physical Environment (d) Standard: Fire Protection (e) Standard: Patient Areas (f) Standard: Patient Rooms (g) Standard: Toilet/Bathing Facilities (h) Standard: Plumbing Facilities (i) Standard: Infection Control (j) Standard: Sanitary Environment (k) Standard: Linen (l) Standard: Meal Service and Menu Planning (m) Standard: Restraint or Seclusion (n) Standard: Restraint or Seclusion Staff Training Requirements (o) Standard: Death Reporting Requirements Condition of Participation: Hospices that Provide Hospice Care to Residents of a SNF/NF or ICF/IID (a) Standard: Resident Eligibility, Election, and Duration of Benefits (b) Standard: Professional Management (c) Standard: Written Agreement (d) Standard: Hospice Plan of Care (e) Standard: Coordination of Services (f) Standard: Orientation and Training of Staff Condition of Participation: Personnel Qualifications (a) Standard: General Qualification Requirements (b) Standard: Personnel Qualifications for Certain Disciplines (c) Standard: Personnel Qualifications When No State Licensing, Certification or Registration Requirements Exist (d) Standard: Criminal Background Checks Condition of Participation.
6 Compliance with Federal, State , and Local Laws and Regulations Related to the Health and Safety of Patients (a) Standard: Multiple Locations (b) Standard: Laboratory Services _____ Part I Investigative Procedures I Introduction Survey protocols and Interpretive Guidelines are established to provide guidance to personnel conducting surveys of hospices. They serve to clarify and/or explain the intent of the regulations. All surveyors are required to use them in assessing compliance with Federal requirements. The purpose of the protocols and guidelines is to direct the surveyor s attention to avenues of investigation in preparation for the survey, conducting the survey, and evaluating the survey findings. These protocols represent the view of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) on relevant areas and items that must be inspected/reviewed under each regulation.
7 The use of these protocols promotes consistency in the survey process. The protocols assure that a facility s compliance with the regulations is reviewed in a thorough, efficient, and consistent manner so that at the completion of the survey, surveyors have sufficient information to make compliance decisions. Although surveyors use the information contained in the Interpretive Guidelines in the process of making a determination about a hospice s compliance with the regulations, these guidelines are not binding. Interpretive Guidelines do not establish requirements that must be met by hospices, do not replace or supersede the law or regulations, and may not be used alone as the sole basis for a citation. All mandatory requirements for hospices are set forth in relevant provisions of the Social Security Act and in regulations.
8 The Interpretive Guidelines do however, contain authoritative interpretations and clarification of statutory and regulatory requirements and are used to assist surveyors in making determinations about a hospice s compliance. Survey Team The State survey agency (SA), or the CMS Regional Office (RO) for Federal teams, decides the size of the team. Each hospice survey team should include at least one RN with hospice survey experience. Other surveyors who have the expertise to determine whether the hospice is in compliance may be used as needed. Training for Hospice Surveyors Hospice surveyors should have the necessary training and experience to conduct a hospice survey. All hospice surveyors must attend a CMS sponsored Basic Hospice Surveyor Training Course. New surveyors may accompany the team as part of their training prior to completing the CMS Basic Hospice Surveyor Training Course.
9 Types of Hospice Surveys A - Initial Certification Prior to the initial Medicare certification survey, a prospective hospice should notify the RO and/or the SA that it wants to apply for Medicare certification. The prospective hospice must complete a Medicare enrollment application (Form CMS 855A). This form can be found at: #TopOfPage. The assigned Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) will review the application, verify the information and notify the RO and SA of their enrollment recommendation. Additional information on this process is available in 2005A. Initial Medicare Certification Survey Before the SA or the National Accrediting Organization (AO) with deeming authority conducts the initial Medicare certification survey, the SA must have received written documentation submitted by the prospective hospice requesting an initial certification survey.
10 At the time of the survey, the prospective hospice must: Be operational; Have completed the Medicare Enrollment Application Form CMS-855A and had this form verified by the assigned MAC; Have provided care to a minimum of 5 hospice patients (not required to be Medicare patients.) At least 3 hospice patients should be receiving care at the time of the initial Medicare certification survey. If the hospice is located in a medically underserved area, as determined by the CMS RO, the CMS RO may reduce the minimum number of patients from 5 to 2. At least 1 of the 2 required patients should be receiving care from the hospice at the time of the initial Medicare survey; Be providing all services needed by the patients actually being served; and Be capable of demonstrating the operational capability of all facets of its Operations .