Transcription of STATUS PAPER ON PULSES - farmer.gov.in
1 STATUS PAPER ON PULSES Compiled and Edited by Singh Director-in-charge GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE (DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERATION) DIRECTORATE OF PULSES DEVELOPMENT 6th FLOOR, VINDHYANCHAL BHAVAN BHOPAL-462004 ( ) C O N T E N T S Subject Page. No. 01 Pulse Crops description: Origin ( ), Importance ( ), Scientific name ( ), Morphology ( ), Species ( ), Nutritional value ( ), Important major growing Zones /states ( ), Crop distribution ( ), and Demand and supply scenario of pulse produce ( ). 1-3 02 Comparative analysis: Area, production & yield of major pulse crops growing states in India ( ), Area, production & yield of major pulse crops growing countries in the World ( ), Gap of yield with other countries ( ), and Export import STATUS ( ).
2 3-8 03 Varietal development: Important varieties notified ( ), Varieties / Hybrids preferred by farmers ( ) and Yield of Frontline Demonstrations (FLDs) vis- -vis National / State yield, and yield gap analysis ( ). 8-12 04 Climatic requirement: Temperature for different critical stages ( ), Important growing ecologies ( ), Impact on yield of rise in temperature ( ), and Suggestion for cultivation of crop in view of climatic changes ( ). 12-13 05 Genetic potentiality advancement: Genetic break through for yield improvement ( ), and STATUS of transgenic ( ). 14 06 Seed scenario: State wise share of state seed agencies and private sector in seed supply in different states ( ), State wise seed replacement rate of crop ( ), and Critical gap in availability of PULSES seed ( ). 15-16 07 Crop production practices: Major crop sequences / rotations followed by states ( ), State and season wise time of sowing and harvesting ( ), Sowing of crop ( ), Seeding technologies ( ), Fertilizer management ( ), Water management ( ), Weed management ( ), Plant protection ( ), Harvesting, threshing and storage ( ), and Use and recommendation of farm implements and machines used for different operations ( ).
3 17-23 08 Cropping system. 24 09 Crop products and their uses: processing units ( ). 24 C O N T E N T S Subject Page. No. 10 Crop Development programmes: National Food Security Mission PULSES ( ), Accelerated PULSES Production Programme (A3P) ( ), Special initiatives for PULSES and oilseed in dryland areas of 60000 villages programme under RKVY 2010-11 ( ), Integrated Development of 60000 PULSES villages in Rainfed Areas 2011-12 ( ), Special Plan to achieve 19+ million tonnes of PULSES production during Kharif 2012-13 ( ), Additional area coverage of PULSES Rabi/Summer under NFSM- PULSES for additional Rabi / Summer production during 2012-13 ( ), Macro Management of Agriculture (MMA) ( ), and Constraints and suggestions ( ).
4 25-34 11 Special initiatives taken for encouraging the cultivation of PULSES : Minimum Support Price (MSP). ( ), Quantity of crop produce procured ( ), Prevalent Marketing channels ( ), Important markets in India and abroad ( ), Major problems associated with storage of grains ( ), Provisions for credit ( ), and Crop insurance ( ). 34-41 12 Workshops, conference and seminars: Outcomes / recommendations of annual workshop conducted by ICAR / SAUs ( ), and Recommendation of important conference / seminar / brainstorming sessions ( ). 41-43 13 Important websites: Important National and International Organization involved in pulse improvement ( ), National and international important websites for farmers , development officials, policy planners and scientific community ( ), webside for farmers and other stock holders ( ), and Website of advisory services to farmers ( ).
5 43-47 14 Awards and scholarships: Awards (along with organization) given to farmers at national and international level ( ), Awards given to development officials, policy planners and scientists for their contribution ( ), and Important website for scholarships ( ). 47-48 15 Researchable issues. 48-50 LIST OF TABLES Table No. Subject Page No. 01 Quantity of PULSES imported by India during 2010-11. 7 02 Quantity of PULSES exported from India during 2010-11. 7-8 03 Quantity imported and exported from India during the year 2006-2007 to 2009-2010. 8 04 FLD productivity vis-a-vis productivity of farmers field during 2004-05 to 2008-09. 9-10 05 Details of FLDs yield vis- -vis National and State yield during 2001-02 to 2005-06. 11-12 06 Institutions working in PULSES .
6 14 07 Requirement of nucleus, breeder and foundation seed of PULSES for maintaining seed multiplication chain. 16 08 Requirement and availability of certified / quality seeds of PULSES . 16 09 Farm implements used for primary tillage. 18 10 State wise, crop wise water management in pulse crops followed by states. 19 11 Major weeds affecting pulse crops in Kharif, Rabi and summer. 20 12 Crop wise estimated loss by insect pests. 21 13 Crop wise extent of damage. 22 14 Processing units with their processing capacity including types of products manufactured. 24 15 Progress of implementation of NFSM- PULSES . 26 16 Progress of implementation of A3P. 27 17 Minimum Support Price (MSP) of identified crops of PULSES declared by the Govt. of India. 37 18 Quantity of PULSES purchased by NAFED on MSP during 2010-2011. 38 19 Details of quantity with value purchased under outright account.
7 38 DIAGRAMS AND LIST OF FIGURES Details Page. No. 01 Pie Diagram 1: Pulse crop wise contribution to total area. 3 02 Pie Diagram 2: Pulse crop wise growing states. 3 03 Pie Diagram 3: State wise contribution to total area. 4 04 Pie Diagram 4: State wise contribuition to total production. 4 05 Bar Diagram 5: Crop wise contribution to total world area, production and no of growing countries. 5 06 Bar Diagram 6: Country wise area and production. 5 07 Bar Diagram 7: Productivity of major pulse producing countries in the world. 6 08 Bar Diagram 8: Highest productivity states of PULSES in India. 6 09 Bar Diagram 9: Highest productivity countries of PULSES in world. 6 10 Bar Diagram 10: Yield of FLD field vis- -vis farmer field.
8 10 11 Fig. 1: Photographs of PULSES produced in India during Kharif season. 203 12 Fig. 2: Photographs of PULSES produced in India during Rabi season. 203-204 13 Fig. 3: Photographs of PULSES produced in India during Kharif & Rabi seasons. 204 14 Fig. 4: Photographs of PULSES produced in India during Kharif, Rabi & Zaid (summer) seasons. 205 15 Fig. 5: Photographs of pulse crops grown as Inter crop. 205-206 16 Fig. 6: Photographs of primary and secondary tillage operation for PULSES . 207 17 Fig. 7: Photographs of primary and secondary tillage operation and seed treatment of PULSES . 208 18 Fig. 8: Photographs of seeding & planting of PULSES (Equipment powered by human and animal). 208-209 19 Fig. 9: Photographs of irrigation methods and equipment applicable in pulse production. 210 20 : Photographs of post harvest operations and equipment used in pulse processing.
9 211 21 Fig. 11: Photographs of major pests affecting pulse Crops during production. 212-14 22 Fig. 12: Photographs of pests affecting PULSES during storage. 215 ANNEXURES Annexure No. Subject Page No. 01 Pulse crops description. 51-63 02 State and Season wise area, production and yield of PULSES in India. 64-70 03 Major pulse producing districts in India. 71-75 04 Country / crop wise area, production and yield 76-78 of PULSES in the world. 05 Producer price in different pulse producing countries of the world. 79 06 Notified varieties of PULSES . 80-92 07 State wise ICAR recommended new alternative varieties to be promoted in place of old varieties of pulse. 93-99 08 State / crop wise requirement and availability of certified / quality seed of PULSES . 100-136 09 State / season wise varieties under cultivation preferred by farmers .
10 137 10 Recommended climatic conditions for PULSES . 138-140 11 State / crop wise temperature for different stages of pulse crops. 141 12 Performance of PULSES in different ecologies in India. 142-143 13 Performance of PULSES in different countries in the world. 144 14 State / pulse wise SRR in pulse producing states. 145-148 15 Major recommended crop sequences / rotations, inter cropping. 149-150 16 Specific crop sequences / rotations followed by Tamil Nadu. 151 17 State / season / crop wise sowing time followed by states. 152-154 18 State / season / crop wise harvesting time followed by states. 155-157 19 Crop wise recommended seed rate, method of sowing spacing, depth of seed. 158 20 State / crop wise methods of sowing followed by state governments. 159 ANNEXURES Annxure No. Subject Page No. 21 State / crop wise Seedling technology followed by state governments.