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STUDY ON SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING IN THE NEAR …

CIHEAM. IAM MONTPELLIER. STUDY ON. SMALL-SCALE FAMILY . FARMING IN THE NEAR EAST. AND NORTH AFRICA REGION. FOCUS COUNTRY. Egypt STUDY ON. SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING . IN THE NEAR EAST AND. NORTH AFRICA REGION. FOCUS COUNTRY. Egypt A. Aboulnaga, I. Siddik, W. Megahed, E. Salah, S. Ahmed, R. Nageeb, D. Yassin and M. Abdelzaher CIRAD CIHEAM-IAMM. The STUDY was coordinated at country level by Prof. A. Aboul Naga Emeritus Scientist, Agriculture Research Center Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Prof. I. Siddik Agriculture Economist, Monofia University Prof.

STUDY ON SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING IN THE NEAR EAST AND NORTH AFRICA REGION FOCUS COUNTRY Egypt A. Aboulnaga, I. Siddik, W. Megahed, E. Salah, S. Ahmed,

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Transcription of STUDY ON SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING IN THE NEAR …

1 CIHEAM. IAM MONTPELLIER. STUDY ON. SMALL-SCALE FAMILY . FARMING IN THE NEAR EAST. AND NORTH AFRICA REGION. FOCUS COUNTRY. Egypt STUDY ON. SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING . IN THE NEAR EAST AND. NORTH AFRICA REGION. FOCUS COUNTRY. Egypt A. Aboulnaga, I. Siddik, W. Megahed, E. Salah, S. Ahmed, R. Nageeb, D. Yassin and M. Abdelzaher CIRAD CIHEAM-IAMM. The STUDY was coordinated at country level by Prof. A. Aboul Naga Emeritus Scientist, Agriculture Research Center Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Prof. I. Siddik Agriculture Economist, Monofia University Prof.

2 W. Megahed Agriculture Economist, Ain Shams University Scientific coordinators: Jacques Marzin / Pascal Bonnet CIRAD. FAO Supervising officer: Alfredo Impiglia Delivery Manager Regional Initiative on SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING for the Near East and North Africa Region Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt E-mail: Published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Center de Coop ration Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le D veloppment International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies Cairo, 2017.

3 The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Montpellier (CIHEAM-IAMM) or the Centre de Coop ration Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le D veloppement (CIRAD) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

4 The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO, CIHEAM-IAMM or CIRAD in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of FAO, CIHEAM-IAMM or CIRAD. ISBN 978-92-5-109525-6 (FAO). FAO, CIHEAM-IAMM and CIRAD, 2017. FAO, CIHEAM-IAMM and CIRAD encourage the use, reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product.

5 Except where otherwise indicated, material may be copied, downloaded and printed for private STUDY , research and teaching purposes, or for use in non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO, CIHEAM-IAMM and CIRAD as the source and copyright holders is given and that FAO, CIHEAM-IAMM or CIRAD's endorsement of users' views, products or services is not implied in any way. All requests for translation and adaptation rights, and for resale and other commercial use rights should be made via or addressed to FAO information products are available on the FAO website ( ) and can be purchased through Cover photo: V ronique Alary TABLE OF CONTENTS.

6 Acronyms ..xi Executive xiv The importance of agriculture in the Egyptian 1. SECTION ONE. SMALL-SCALE FAMILY Existing typologies of SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING .. 7. Defining small -holder 7. Legal entity of holdings in national 8. Farm holding 10. Land tenure in 10. General conditions of SMALL-SCALE farms of less than three feddans (SSF).. 12. Characteristics of SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING (SSFF)).. 13. Cultural 14. FAMILY 14. FAMILY 15. Educational 17. Age structure of 18. Gender composition of the 20. Legal forms of land 21. Cropping patterns in 23. Animal 25.

7 Full-time agricultural 26. Irrigation and drainage 28. Economic and social contributions of 30. Contribution of small holders to agricultural 30. Contribution of smallholders to plant and animal production and to food 31. Contribution of smallholders to 32. Contribution of SMALL-SCALE farmers to rural 32. Market access and 33. Description of the variety of marketing 33. The marketing margins of 35. iii STUDY ON SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING IN THE NEAR EAST AND NORTH AFRICA REGION. FOCUS COUNTRY: EGYPT. Producers' organizations and their respective role in supporting small 35.

8 Governmental 35. Cooperative 36. Cooperative Water Wealth Union (CUWW).. 37. Civil society 38. SECTION TWO. Trajectory and dynamics of structural change in the agricultural 41. Demographic 41. Population distribution by 42. Urban/rural population distribution .. 42. Age distribution of the 42. General characteristics of the rural 44. Structural changes in the Egyptian 45. Changes in the contribution of the main sectors to 45. Changes in the structure of employment distribution between 47. Changes in the structure of agricultural domestic 48. Changes in cropping 48.

9 Social policy in rural 50. Pensions for small farmers and the landless .. 50. Quality of public services in rural contexts as compared to urban 51. Rural and small farmer populations in the context of political and legal 51. Agricultural projections .. 52. Sustainable agricultural and rural development (SARD).. 52. Long term strategic 54. SECTION THREE. Socio-economic policies and small 58. Historical modalities for gradually supporting 61. Policy Legal 61. Land tenure 61. Area limits of land tenure .. 61. Agricultural credit 63. Insurance 66. Pricing 67.

10 Direct support policies for 69. Indirect support policies for rural and agricultural 72. Agricultural extension 73. Quality control 75. iv Case studies of some development projects targeting small 79. small farmer project (SFP).. 79. Resettlement and development of the High Dam lake community 80. West Noubaria rural development project .. 81. Success 82. Perception of key stakeholders regarding small farmers in 83. SECTION FOUR. Synthesis of national 87. Outputs and recommendations of the national workshop (17 November 2015).. 87. Agenda for National Workshop on SMALL-SCALE FAMILY FARMING in Egypt, 17 November 88.


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