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The Relationship between Lifestyle, General Health ...

Public Health Research 2013, 3(3): 54-70. DOI: The Relationship between lifestyle , General Health &. Academic Scores of Nursing Students Marwa Omar Abd El-Kader1 , Fathia Attia Mohammad2,*. 1. Physician ,M inistry of Health (Egypt), Applied M edical Science Collage , KKU. (KSA.). 2. Lecturer of M edical- Surgical Nursing faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University Egypt Abstract Background : Unhealthy behaviors and educational challenges may influence each other, or have common root causes. Health is an excellent indicator for the academic success of students that is an excellent indicator for the overall wellbeing of youth. Design: cross-sectional study. Aims: were to assess healthy & unhealthy habits among the nursing students, assess the impact of unhealthy habits on student General Health & assess the impact of student General Health on their academic scores. Tools: A designed questionnaire as well as anthropometric measurement was used to collect data. The results of the study revealed to The majo rity of participants were taking drugs without prescribed , didn't practice exercise &medical checkup, & eat mo re spicy diet.

Public Health Research 2013, 3(3): 54-70 DOI: 10.5923/j.phr.20130303.05 The Relationship between Lifestyle, General Health & Academic Scores of …

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1 Public Health Research 2013, 3(3): 54-70. DOI: The Relationship between lifestyle , General Health &. Academic Scores of Nursing Students Marwa Omar Abd El-Kader1 , Fathia Attia Mohammad2,*. 1. Physician ,M inistry of Health (Egypt), Applied M edical Science Collage , KKU. (KSA.). 2. Lecturer of M edical- Surgical Nursing faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University Egypt Abstract Background : Unhealthy behaviors and educational challenges may influence each other, or have common root causes. Health is an excellent indicator for the academic success of students that is an excellent indicator for the overall wellbeing of youth. Design: cross-sectional study. Aims: were to assess healthy & unhealthy habits among the nursing students, assess the impact of unhealthy habits on student General Health & assess the impact of student General Health on their academic scores. Tools: A designed questionnaire as well as anthropometric measurement was used to collect data. The results of the study revealed to The majo rity of participants were taking drugs without prescribed , didn't practice exercise &medical checkup, & eat mo re spicy diet.

2 The majo r Health problems were abdo minal, pain, menstrual pain fell of tiredness&. headache. In conclusion, the findings from this study revealed to: there were a positive Relationship between Health status, Health habits, and academic score &unhealthy lifestyle behaviors' have impacts in students Health & academic score. Reco mmendation : Universit ies need to pay attention to students Health and wellbeing& a national program must be conduct to all students for improve healthy lifestyle awareness regarding healthy diet, importance o f exercise, and periodic medical checkup, as well as personnel hygiene and avoiding drugs abuse & its impacts in General Health and success . Keywords lifestyle , Healthy and Unhealthy lifestyle General Health , Un iversity Students, Student Achievement includes a nutritious diet, physical activity, emot ional 1. Introduction well-being, safety and a sense of security, absence of chronic conditions such as asthma or diabetes, and access to lifestyle defined as it is a way of life or style of liv ing that physical/ mental Health services.

3 In the long run, unhealthy reflects the attitudes and values of a person or group.[1&2] . behavior interferes with a student's education and an A healthy lifestyle leaves you fit, energetic and at reduced individual's quality of life[8]. Health &wellbeing wellbeing risk for disease, based on the choices you make about your have direct impact on success rates, attendance & academic daily habits. Good nutrition, daily exercise and adequate performance.[9]. Previous studies clearly indicate that sleep are the foundations for continuing good Health .[3& 4]. premature mo rbidity and mortality are primarily the result of A healthy lifestyle includes healthy habits. This means unhealthy lifestyle behaviors[10, 11&12]. These studies protecting your skin fro m the sun, practicing safe sex, getting focus to a large extent on lifestyle behaviors such as tobacco regular Health check-ups and avoiding substance abuse. use[12], physical inactivity[13; 14; 15; 12], unhealthy Otherwise, healthy lifestyle habits include getting enough diet[12,13, 14& 15] and use of alcohol[15; 16].

4 Sleep, avoiding wo rk place accidents, and good oral hygiene . Despite the fact that benefits of modify ing lifestyle are Moreovero, a healthy lifestyle is made up of a healthy increasingly demonstrated in clin ical and General balanced diet, regular exercise, good work-life balance and populations, assessment of lifestyle and therapeutic lifestyle sleep with the absence of harmful drugs, alcohol, tobacco, changes is neglected in practice behaviors relevant to Health illness and stress.[5&6] . The wo rd 'healthy' has several include physical activities, d iet, sleeping, s moking, drin king distinct senses or meanings: 1: having or indicating good and drug consumption[17]. Health in body or mind; free fro m infirmity or disease; 2: The high prevalence of sedentary behaviors, physical exercising or showing good judgment, eating a variety of inactivity and unhealthy dietary habits among Saudi foods[7]. adolescents is a major public Health concern, there is an Research shows that students have the best chance to urgent need for national policy pro moting active liv ing and succeed when they are healthy.

5 Health in this context healthy eating while reducing sedentary behaviors among Saudi children and adolescents[18]. * Corresponding author: (Fathia Attia Mohammad) Consumption of alcohol or other addictive substances is Published online at considered as "illegal" in Saudi Arab ia, as the law is based on Copyright 2013 Scientific & Academic Publishing. All Rights Reserved Islamic Sharia rules, which forb id consumption of any Public Health Research 2013, 3(3): 54-70 55. amount of alcohol and other forms of substances. Therefore, academic outcomes[33], and malnutrition additionally p lays for religious and legal reasons, any use of alcohol is an important role in academic performance[34]. considered as abuse by Saudi General public[16]. Health and education may interact in three not mutually Drug abuse negatively impacts education in several ways: exclusive ways: 1) education may determine Health ; 2) one 1-Impaired Short Term Memory, even students who use or more other factors may determine both Health and marijuana, which is considered a mild drug, is doing those education simultaneously; and 3) Health may determine selves a disservice.

6 Marijuana limits the brain's ab ility to education[35]. retain informat ion. 2-Inability to Focus, drug abusers find it Education and Health are linked; unhealthy behaviors and difficult to focus, particularly on tasks that require mental educational challenges may influence each other. Health is effort. A lack of focus generally leads to poor performance an excellent indicator for the academic success of students. on schoolwork. 3-Vicious Cycle, the United Nations Enhancing student wellbeing and its pathways can increase International Drug Control Program suggests that when academic achievement. The four main mechanis ms by which students' educational performance goes down, their the enhancement of student wellbeing and its pathways can self-esteem suffers. This can cause a cycle of even lower indirectly improve academic ach ievement are: By increasing academic performance and lower self-esteem that often student motivation to participate and achieve; By increasing drives students toward further drug use[19].

7 Student engagement with, and participation in, learn ing; By Studies have also shown that university students suffer increasing student attendance and hence increasing school fro m eating disorders and skipping meals is a co mmon habit . complet ion; and By decreasing problem behavior at school Eating habits affect the academic performance of students and hence decreasing levels of suspension and exclusion because study schedules or workload keep vary ing within fro m school[36]. and between semesters[20; &21]. Healthy diets help students The majority of un iversity students are aged between 18. focus longer, assist in brain development, and help instill an and 21 when entering university, a t ransition age to anxiety-free attitude to enhance learning[22]. adulthood which is a time characterized by dramat ic changes Research shows students learn better when they're well in life. During university time they consequently adopt new nourished. Healthy eating has been linked to higher grades, Health behaviors and there may be a risk that they continue better memory, more alertness, faster information processing with unhealthy lifestyle choices that were established during and improved Health leading to better school attendance, their university years, which makes them a risk group not Conversely, unhealthy eating habits can negatively affect only during these years but for the rest of their lives.

8 [37]. learning. Without proper nutrition and adequate calories, A college student's life contains many important factors students often don't have enough energy to power the brain, that may hinder or imp rove it. These factors includes resulting in fatigue and learning problems. Measurement of student's living situation, Health and of course academic lifestyle behaviors is necessary for the identification of performance. Academic achievement is extremely important causal associations between unhealthy lifestyle and Health for college students, as it is a main determinant of their outcomes However, despite considerable evidence for the future[38]. There is no study has yet been published on , importance of the assessment of lifestyle and therapeutic nursing students' Health promoting lifestyle p rofiles, lifestyle changes in both clinical and normal populations, it particularly examining their relat ionship with academic still is underutilized[23]. performance and nursing courses[39].

9 Optimal sleep is an essential co mponent of healthy lifestyle . In General , college students do not get the required 9 hours of sleep for optimal alertness[24] The students who 2. Subjects and Methods engaged in moderate physical activity were found to a have higher grade point average[25]. Ho wever students who exercised for an average of seven or more hours a week Research Objecti ves showed signs of addiction towards exercise and had 1- Assess the impact of unhealthy habits on student relatively lo wer g rades[26]. General Health It has been argued that Health is an important factor for 2-Assess healthy & unhealthy habits among the nursing academic achievement in higher education[27]. Pro moting students the Health and well-being of all members means promoting 3- Assess the impact of student General Health on their effective learning[28]. It is widely accepted that Health and academic scores well-being are essential elements for effect ive learn ing[29]. Education is a strong predictor of lifelong Health and quality Methods of life in d ifferent populations, settings, and time[30].

10 Many factors are associated with academic outcomes[31]. Design Adolescents who use alcohol, tobacco or other drugs A cross-sectional designs was conduct to fulfill the goals achieved lower grades, had more negative attitudes toward of study school, and exh ibited increased absenteeism[32]. Furthermore, exercise seems associated with imp roved Sitt ing and Subjects 56 M arwa Omar Abd El-Kader et al.: The Relationship between lifestyle , General Health &Academic Scores of Nursing Students One hundred & fifty undergraduate students from Applied about the nature, purpose, and benefits of the study, her Medical Science Collage, king Khalid University were participation is voluntary, also provided with basic participating in the study. The participants were eighteen instructions on how to complete the questionnaire. years of age and older Participants are asked to respond to each question according to their typical performance during the past 3 months ,after Tool of the Study completed questionnaire, give it fo r researchers and she A self admin istered questionnaire sheet was developed by becomes ready to take her anthropometric measures the researcher researchers after review related literature including height, weight, pulse, b lood pressure, o xygen [40-47] in Arabic and distributed between students.


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