1 2016. THE State . OF World . Fisheries AND. Aquaculture . Contributing to food security and nutrition for all T. his edition of The State of The share of commercially In 2014, 84 percent of the global World Fisheries and assessed fish stocks within population engaged in the Fisheries Aquaculture comes out in the biologically sustainable levels and Aquaculture sector was in Asia. wake of major international was percent in 2013. Thus, An estimated million people were agreements: the 2030 Agenda for percent of fish stocks were engaged in the primary sector of capture Sustainable Development, the overfished. Of the total number of Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2014, Sustainable Development Goals stocks assessed in 2013, fully fished while of the 18 million engaged in fish (SDGs), and the Paris Agreement.
2 Stocks accounted for percent and farming, 94 percent were in Asia. Women Hence, the publication examines underfished stocks percent. accounted for 19 percent of all people both the likely impacts of these The share of World fish directly engaged in the primary sector agreements on the Fisheries and production utilized for direct in 2014, but about half of the workforce Aquaculture sector, and the vital human consumption has increased when the secondary sector ( contribution that the sector can significantly in recent decades, up from processing, trading) is included. and must make in order to achieve 67 percent in the 1960s to 87 percent, In 2014, fishery exports from their stated societal, economic and or more than 146 million tonnes, developing countries were valued environmental aims.
3 In 2014. at US$80 billion, and their fishery Global total Fisheries production Growth in the global supply of net-export revenues (exports minus (excluding aquatic plants) reached fish for human consumption has imports) reached US$42 billion. million tonnes in 2014, with outpaced population growth in the FAO's Blue Growth Initiative million tonnes from capture and past five decades, with World per assists countries in developing million tonnes from Aquaculture . capita apparent fish consumption and implementing the new global Excluding fish destined for non-food doubling from about 10 kg in the 1960s agenda in relation to sustainable uses, a milestone was reached in 2014 to 20 kg today.
4 Capture Fisheries and Aquaculture , when, for the first time ever, the In 2013, fish accounted for about livelihoods and food systems, and World 's population consumed more 17 percent of the global population's economic growth from aquatic farmed fish than wild-caught fish. intake of animal protein and ecosystem services. Reflecting When aquatic plants are included, percent of all protein consumed. the objectives of several SDGs, it World Aquaculture production Moreover, fish provided more than especially targets the many vulnerable reached million tonnes in 2014, billion people with almost coastal and Fisheries -dependent representing 52 percent of total Fisheries 20 percent of their average per capita communities where ecosystems are production ( million tonnes).
5 Intake of animal protein. already under stress from pollution, World FISH UTILIZATION AND SUPPLY. KEY. FISH UTILIZATION POPULATION (BILLIONS). (MILLION TONNES) AND FOOD SUPPLY (KG/CAPITA). 160 24. 140 21. MESSAGES. 120 18. 100 15. 80 12. 60 9. 40 6. 20 3 World Aquaculture PRODUCTION. 0 0 continues to grow and now 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2014. provides half of all fish for human Non-food uses Food Population Food supply consumption. RELATIVE CONTRIBUTION OF Aquaculture AND CAPTURE Fisheries THE 2030 AGENDA for Sustainable TO FISH FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Development, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and FISH FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION.
6 (KG/CAPITA) the Paris Agreement will have a 12 strong influence on the Fisheries 10 and Aquaculture sector, and the 8 sector must play its part in order 6 to achieve their stated societal, 4 economic and environmental aims. 2. 0 THE FAO AGREEMENT on Port State 1954 1964 1974 1984 1994 2004 2014. Measures to Prevent, Deter and Capture Fisheries Aquaculture Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing is expected to be a major advance in combating habitat degradation, overfishing and The Common Oceans / ABNJ. IUU fishing. harmful practices. Program aims to promote efficient and For the past 20 years, the Code of sustainable management of Fisheries Conduct for Responsible Fisheries resources and biodiversity conservation TWENTY YEARS ON from its has served as the global reference in areas beyond national jurisdiction to adoption, the Code of Conduct for instrument for the sustainable achieve internationally agreed global Responsible Fisheries remains an development of the Fisheries and targets.
7 It is funded by the Global internationally accepted benchmark Aquaculture sectors. Endorsed in Environment Facility and coordinated and framework for the sustainable 2014, the Voluntary Guidelines for by FAO in close collaboration with use of aquatic resources. Securing Sustainable Small-Scale other GEF implementing agencies and Fisheries in the Context of Food a variety of partners. THERE IS GROWING RECOGNITION. Security and Poverty Eradication Other themes highlighted of the great potential of the oceans represent a global consensus on in The State of World Fisheries and inland waters to contribute principles and guidance for small- and Aquaculture 2016 include: significantly to food security and scale Fisheries governance and promoting decent work; cutting adequate nutrition for a global development towards enhanced food bycatch and discards; aquatic population expected to reach security and nutrition.
8 Invasive alien species; responsible billion by 2050. The coming into force and inland Fisheries ; and nutrition. The implementation of the FAO 2016 Outlook section describes THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL. Agreement on Port State the most plausible trends for the Conference on Nutrition confirmed Measures to Prevent, Deter and fishery and Aquaculture sector in the importance of fish and seafood I5692E/1 Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and the next decade. It also outlines the as a source of nutrition and health Unregulated Fishing is expected potentially beneficial roles of the for many coastal communities, and to be a major advance in combating SDGs and FAO's Blue Growth Initiative especially during the 1 000 day IUU fishing.
9 In shaping future developments. window . July 2016 Subject categories: The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture , the flagship ISBN 978-92-5-109185-2 Fisheries , Aquaculture , food publication of the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, ISSN 1020-5489 security, food wastage presents a World review of Fisheries and Aquaculture including 200 pp. trends and statistics. It highlights issues debated worldwide and 210 297 mm Further information: profiles future scenarios to provide readers with the most current global view and perspectives on Fisheries and Aquaculture . Also available in: Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish