1 2016 EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDEBOOK. A guidebook intended for use by first responders A guidebook intended for use by first responders during the initial phase of a transportation incident during the initial phase of a transportation incident involving DANGEROUS goods/hazardous materials involving DANGEROUS goods/hazardous materials THIS DOCUMENT SHOULD NOT BE USED TO. DETERMINE COMPLIANCE WITH THE. DANGEROUS GOODS/HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. REGULATIONS. OR. TO CREATE WORKER SAFETY DOCUMENTS. FOR SPECIFIC CHEMICALS. 2016 EMERGENCY. RESPONSE. NOT FOR SALE GUIDEBOOK. This DOCUMENT is intended for distribution free of charge to Public Safety Organizations by the US Department of Transportation or Transport Canada. This copy may not be resold by commercial distributors. SHIPPING DOCUMENTS (PAPERS) EMERGENCY RESPONSE TELEPHONE NUMBERS. Shipping Documents (Papers) are synonymous and can be found as follows: CANADA.
2 Road kept in the cab of a motor vehicle 1. CANUTEC, provides a 24 hour national bilingual (French and English) emergency response Rail kept in possession of a crew member advisory service: Aviation kept in possession of the aircraft pilot 1-888-CANUTEC (226-8832) or 613-996-6666*. Marine kept in a holder on the bridge of a vessel *666 (STAR 666) cellular (in Canada only). Shipping Documents (Papers) provide vital information regarding the hazardous materials/ DANGEROUS goods to initiate protective actions* UNITED STATES. 1. CHEMTREC , a 24 hour emergency response communication service: Information provided: 1-800-424-9300 *. 4-digit identification number, UN or NA (go to yellow pages) (Toll-free in the , Canada and the Virgin Islands). Proper shipping name (go to blue pages) 703-527-3887 For calls originating elsewhere Hazard class or division number of material 2. CHEMTEL, INC.
3 , a 24 hour emergency response communication service: Packing group 1-888-255-3924 *. Emergency response telephone number (Toll-free in the , Canada, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands). Information describing the hazards of the material (entered on or attached to 813-248-0585 For calls originating elsewhere shipping DOCUMENT ) **. 3. INFOTRAC, a 24 hour emergency response communication service: 1-800-535-5053 *. EMERGENCY CONTACT EXAMPLE OF EMERGENCY. (Toll-free in the , Canada and the Virgin Islands). 1-000-000-0000 CONTACT TELEPHONE NUMBER. 352-323-3500 For calls originating elsewhere CONTRACT #: XX-XXXX-X ** HAZARD CLASS. 4. 3E COMPANY, a 24 hour emergency response communication service: OR DIVISION NO. NO. & TYPE 1-800-451-8346 *. QUANTITY (Toll-free in the , Canada and the Virgin Islands). OF PACKAGES. 760-602-8703 For calls originating elsewhere UN1219 ISOPROPANOL 3 II 12 000 LITERS 1 TANKTRUCK.
4 The emergency response information services shown above have requested to be listed as providers of emergency response information and have agreed to provide emergency response information to all callers. They maintain periodically updated lists of state and Federal radiation authorities who provide information ID NUMBER SHIPPING NAME PACKING GROUP and technical assistance on handling incidents involving radioactive materials. 5. MILITARY SHIPMENTS, for assistance at incidents involving materials being shipped by, EXAMPLE OF PLACARD AND PANEL WITH ID NUMBER. for, or to the Department of Defense (DOD), call one of the following numbers (24 hours): The 4-digit ID Number may be shown on the diamond-shaped placard or on an adjacent 703-697-0218 * - Explosives/ammunition incidents orange panel displayed on the ends and sides of a cargo tank, vehicle or rail car. ( Army Operations Center).
5 1-800-851-8061 (Toll-free in the ) - All other DANGEROUS goods incidents A Numbered A Placard (Defense Logistics Agency). Placard OR and an Orange Panel 6. NATIONWIDE POISON CONTROL CENTER (United States only). * For the purposes of this guidebook, the terms hazardous materials/ DANGEROUS goods are synonymous. 1-800-222-1222 (Toll-free in the ). ** In the United States, this requirement may be satisfied by attaching a guide from the ERG2016 to the shipping DOCUMENT , or by having the entire guidebook available for reference. * Collect calls are accepted ** In the United States, a registration or contract number is required on a shipping DOCUMENT . HOW TO USE THIS GUIDEBOOK. RESIST RUSHING IN! APPROACH INCIDENT FROM UPWIND, AND UPHILL OR UPSTREAM. STAY CLEAR OF ALL SPILLS, VAPORS, FUMES, SMOKE, AND POTENTIAL HAZARDS. WARNING: DO NOT USE THIS FLOWCHART if more than one hazardous material/ DANGEROUS good is involved.
6 Immediately call the appropriate emergency response agency telephone number listed on the inside back cover of this guidebook. Do you see an explosive YES For Divisions , , , or Use GUIDE 112. placard or For Divisions or Use GUIDE 114. label? NO. Do you know NO Do you know NO Do you see NO Do you see NO Use the UN/NA the name of a placard or a railcar or GUIDE. ID number? the material? label? road trailer? 111. YES YES YES YES. Search for the Search for the ID number Refer to Refer to material in the in the Pages 8-9 Pages 10-13. Blue Pages Yellow Pages Determine the Guide Number Redo the flowchart once the name of the material or the accurate UN/NA ID number is identified If the Guide Number has a P Is the material NO Use the appropriate next to it, the material may suffer highlighted in Orange Guide a violent polymerization green? YES. Is the material on fire? YES NO. USE the appropriate USE TABLE 1 for Orange Guide for isolation and protective EVACUATION distances, THEN action distances, AND.
7 PROTECT in downwind CONSULT the appropriate direction according to TABLE 1 Orange Guide for residual material release If product includes the reference (when spilled in water) , consult TABLE 2 for a list of the generated gases (for information purposes only), AND do not use water as extinguishing agent. BEFORE AN EMERGENCY - BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THIS GUIDEBOOK! First responders must be trained in the use of this guidebook. Page 1. LocaL EmErgEncy TELE phonE numbErs please populate this page with emergency telephone numbers for local assistance: hazmaT conTracTors raiL companiEs FEdEraL/sTaTE/provinciaL agEnciEs oThErs Page 2. TabLE oF conTEnTs Shipping Documents (Papers) .. Inside front cover How to Use this Guidebook ..1. Local Emergency Telephone Numbers ..2. Safety Precautions ..4. Notification and Request for Technical Information ..5. Hazard Classification System ..6.
8 Introduction to the Table of Markings, Labels and Placards .. 7. Table of Markings, Labels and Placards and Initial Response Guide to Use On-scene .. 8. Rail Car Identification Chart ..10. Road Trailer Identification Chart ..12. Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) .. 14. Hazard Identification Numbers Displayed on Some Intermodal Containers .. 16. Pipeline Transportation ..20. ID Number Index ..26. Name of Material Index ..92. Guides ..159. Introduction to Green Tables ..289. Protective Action Decision Factors to Consider ..291. Protective Actions ..292. Background on Table 1 Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances .. 293. Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances .. 294. Table 2 - Water-Reactive Materials which Produce Toxic Gases .. 346. Table 3 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances for Large Spills for Different Quantities of Six Common TIH (PIH in the US) Gases.
9 354. ERG 2016 User's Guide ..358. Guidebook Contents ..359. Toxic Inhalation Hazard (TIH) materials ..360. Isolation and Evacuation Distances ..361. Protective Clothing ..363. Fire and Spill Control ..365. BLEVE - Safety Precautions ..368. Criminal/Terrorist use of Chemical/Biological/Radiological Agents .. 370. Improvised Explosive Device Safe Stand Off Distance .. 374. Glossary ..376. Canada and United States National Response Centers .. 390. Emergency Response Assistance Plans (ERAP) ..391. Emergency Response Telephone Numbers ..396. Page 3. saFETy prEcauTions rEsisT rushing in! approach cauTiousLy From UPWIND, UPHILL or UPSTREAM: Stay clear of Vapor, Fumes, Smoke and Spills Keep vehicle at a safe distance from the scene sEcurE ThE scEnE: Isolate the area and protect yourself and others idEnTiFy ThE hazards using any oF ThE FoLLoWing: Placards Container labels Shipping documents Rail Car and Road Trailer Identification Chart Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
10 Knowledge of persons on scene Consult applicable guide page assEss ThE siTuaTion: Is there a fire, a spill or a leak? What are the weather conditions? What is the terrain like? Who/what is at risk: people, property or the environment? What actions SHOULD be taken evacuation, shelter in-place or dike? What resources (human and equipment) are required? What can be done immediately? obTain hELp: Advise your headquarters to notify responsible agencies and call for assistance from qualified personnel rEspond: Enter only when wearing appropriate protective gear Rescue attempts and protecting property must be weighed against you becoming part of the problem Establish a command post and lines of communication Continually reassess the situation and modify response accordingly Consider safety of people in the immediate area first, including your own safety abovE aLL: Do not assume that gases or vapors are harmless because of lack of a smell odorless gases or vapors may be harmful.