1 TROPICAL . FRUIT TREES . Kauai Nursery & Landscaping, Inc. CONTENTS. SPICE TREES . BAY CURRY KAFFIR 7. FRUIT TREES . MACADAMIA ALABAR MAMMEY MAMMY BLACKBERRY JAM MIRACLE BLACK MOUNTAIN BLACK BLUE GRAPE PEANUT BUTTER ROLLINIA ..45. DRAGON EGG STAR SUGAR ICECREAM SURINAM TAMARIND (SWEET/SOUR)..49. WHITE SPICE TREES . ALLSPICE. Pimenta dioica tree SIZE A slow growing tree that may reach 30. feet in height and 10-15 feet spread. ECOLOGY Prefers full sun and is drought tolerant. PRODUCTION SEASON Allspice will bear in 5-6. years. The berries are harvested while still green, dried and then ground into spice. The berries ripen in the fall. DESCRIPTION Very beautiful tree that will do well in containers. The large glossy leaves are also aromatic. BAY LEAF/BAY LAUREL. Laurus nobilis tree SIZE A large shrub or small tree ECOLOGY Laurel prefers well drained soils and full sun PRODUCTION SEASON The mature leaves may be harvested at any time.
2 DESCRIPTION An evergreen ornamental plant with shiny, dark green leaves. The dried leaves are widely used in Mediterranean cuisines. Forest & Kim Starr 5 CINNAMON. Cinnamomum verum tree SIZE The bushy cinnamon tree reaches 20 -40 feet in height and has a spread of 10-20 feet. ECOLOGY Grows well in all areas if watered and protected from strong winds. Cinnamon will tolerate light shade. PRODUCTION SEASON The inner bark of young branches is peeled off and dried to produce cinnamon, the spice. DESCRIPTION Very beautiful ornamental with attractive foliage that flushes red to pink. The trunk is golden brown, the young branches are light green. CLOVE. Syzgium aromaticum tree SIZE Small to medium sized tree 15-30 feet tall and half as wide. ECOLOGY Requires a warm, humid, microclimate with adequate wind protection PRODUCTION SEASON Cloves will flower from the 5th year on. The flower buds are harvested in the Fall.
3 DESCRIPTION Exceptionally handsome small tree , which is generally multi-trunked. It has beautiful shiny leaves and prolific dark fruits. The unopened flower buds are harvested and dried to produce the spice. 6. CURRY LEAF. Murraya koenigii tree SIZE A small, bushy tree up to 20 feet in height. ECOLOGY TROPICAL to sub- TROPICAL will tolerate dry condition and poor soils. PRODUCTION SEASON The leaves may be harvested year around. DESCRIPTION The pungent leaves are used fresh or dried in Indian cuisine. KAFFIR LIME. Citrus hystrix tree SIZE A small, bushy tree (available on standard, semi-dwarf and true dwarf rootstock). ECOLOGY Will grow well in wet as well as dry areas (with irrigation). PRODUCTION SEASON Leaves may be harvested year around. DESCRIPTION Grown for it's strongly flavored leaves which are widely used in Asian cuisine. It has many fine branches and lumpy, inedible FRUIT . Robyn Jay 7 FRUIT TREES .
4 ABIU. Pouteria caimito tree SIZE Height 15-20 feet, spread 10-15 feet. May be contained by proper pruning practices. ECOLOGY Does best in humid, protected, microclimates. PRODUCTION SEASON Seedlings bear in 2-3 years. Ready for harvest August through December. DESCRIPTION Baseball sized fruits are eaten when fully ripe. They have a bland, sweet taste. VARIETIES Gray ACEROLA, BARBADOS CHERRY. Malpighia punicifolia tree SIZE Up to 20 feet tall and 20 feet spread. May be contained by proper pruning practices. ECOLOGY Adapted to all areas, drought and wind tolerant. PRODUCTION SEASON Begins to bear in 2-3 years. Several crops between May and December. DESCRIPTION Cherry sized red fruits are somewhat sour. They have the highest vitamin C content of any FRUIT . VARIETIES Manoa Sweet improved selection. 9 AKEE. Blighia sapida tree SIZE A very ornamental spreading tree that reaches 30-40 feet in height.
5 ECOLOGY A TROPICAL to subtropical that does well from sea level to 3,000 feet altitude. The tree was brought to the west Indies from TROPICAL Africa in the 18th century. PRODUCTION SEASON Will bear 2 or more crops a year. DESCRIPTION The unripe fruits and seeds are hightly toxic. The FRUIT capsule must be fully open (photo) before the FRUIT is harvested. The arils are par-boiled in salt water or milk, then lightly fried in butter. The national dish in Jamaica. ATEMOYA. Annona squamosa x cherimoya tree SIZE Height 25-30 feet, spread about the same. ECOLOGY Grows best in warm, wet areas with good drainage. PRODUCTION SEASON Grafted TREES will produce in 3-4 years. FRUIT ripens September to November. Hand pollination will increase yields and FRUIT size. DESCRIPTION Known to be one of the tastiest TROPICAL fruits. May be spooned from the half-shell or used in smoothies. Seeds are toxic. VARIETIES Geffner - most common in Hawaii.
6 10. AVOCADO. Persea Americana tree SIZE Height 20-60 feet, spread 25-35 feet. May be contained by proper pruning practices, but yield may decrease. ECOLOGY Suitable for all areas, but irrigation will be required in dry areas and good drainage in wet areas. Planting on slopes in wet areas is desired. Low salt tolerance. PRODUCTION SEASON Grafted TREES begin to bear 2-3 years. Different varieties will produce at different times throughout the year. DESCRIPTION Dark skinned varieties will turn from green to purply black when ripe and green varieties will take on a matt yellow tinge when ready to harvest. CULTIVARS We have the following cultivars that are well adapted to Hawaiian conditions. Holiday Little Cado AKA Wurtz Case FRUIT : Large, pear shaped FRUIT : Small, Hass-like, green, FRUIT : PRODUCTION SEASON: Fall pebble skin PRODUCTION SEASON: Summer tree SIZE: Small PRODUCTION SEASON: Winter to to fall Dwarf cultivar bearing FRUIT of spring tree SIZE: Small to medium- excellent quality.
7 Like the Littleca- tree SIZE: Small spreading do , it makes a good container This tree is adapted to containers. It's very attractive tree but an tree . Suitable for small yards. alternate bearer. 11 Green Gold Kahaluu Murashige FRUIT : FRUIT : Large oval FRUIT with tiny FRUIT : Medium to large, green PRODUCTION SEASON: Winter to seed, green skin skin spring PRODUCTION SEASON: August to PRODUCTION SEASON: Spring to tree SIZE: Small October summer Selection of Sharwil with heavier tree SIZE: Small, Spreading tree SIZE: Medium and more regular production. Alternate bearer. The best-flavored Bears heavily in alternate years. Hawaiian variety. Excellent flavor. Nishikawa Hass Sharwill FRUIT : Large, green skin FRUIT : Small, purple to black skin FRUIT : Small to medium, green PRODUCTION SEASON: Winter to PRODUCTION SEASON: February to skin spring October PRODUCTION SEASON: Winter to tree SIZE: Medium tree SIZE: Medium spring Excellent flavor, good producer on It does not produce as well as lo- tree SIZE: Medium med size tree .
8 Cal varieties in Hawaii. Rich flavor Excellent flavor. Bears heavily in with high oil content. alternate years. Yamagata Malama FRUIT : Medium to large, green FRUIT : Large, black to purple skin skin PRODUCTION SEASON: Summer to PRODUCTION SEASON: Spring to fall summer tree SIZE: Medium to large tree SIZE: Medium to large Excellent quality. Regular bearer. Excellent quality. Consistent pro- ducer. 12. BANANA. Musa sp. PLANT SIZE Our cultivars range from 6 to15 feet in height. ECOLOGY Bananas need full sun and fertile soil with good drainage. Wind protection, irrigation and regular fertilization will assure high yields. PRODUCTION SEASON Established plants ( mats ) will produce bunches every 6-8 months under favorable conditions. DESCRIPTION Bananas are large, attractive herbaceous plants that will quickly and regularly produce tasty and nutritious FRUIT . VARIETIES. Dwarf Apple 6-8 feet high This is the most popular cultivar in Hawaii.
9 It's very hardy and believed to be more resistant to bunchy top virus than other cultivars. It produces medium sized bunches of short, plump, very sweet FRUIT . Dwarf Red (a mutation of the large Cuban Red). 7-8 feet high The Dwarf Red produces high quality red FRUIT either for eating raw or cooking. It's also a strik- ingly beautiful ornamental that is suitable for small yards. Ice Cream 10-15 feet high The Ice Cream banana's immature FRUIT are a beautiful silvery blue, turning pale yellow when mature. Best eaten raw the ripe flesh is fluffy and sweet. Pisang Awak (Indonesia) aka Dwarf Namwah (Thailand). 9-10 feet high This is a Lady Finger type cultivar that produces large bunches of smallish, delicious FRUIT that are highly prized throughout Asia. It's drought, wind and disease resistant. 13 Raja Puri 6-8 feet high Of Indian origin, it's FRUIT is similar to the Dwarf Apple. It is considered to be easy to grow and the wide leaves make it an attractive ornamental landscaping plant.
10 Common Plantain aka Platano 12-18 feet high Of African origin these large cooking bananas are widely cultivated in TROPICAL America. The curved 8-14 inch fruits grow in 5-9 hand bunches. BILIMBI, KAMAIS, PIYAS. Averrhoa bilimbi tree SIZE Up to 20 feet high, spread 15 feet ECOLOGY All areas with irrigation and good drainage PRODUCTION SEASON Begins to produce in 2-3 years, bears May and December DESCRIPTION Attractive foliage, red flowers on trunk, and larger branches. The fruits are tart and used in cooking and to make refreshing drinks. 14. BLACKBERRY JAM FRUIT . Randia Formosa tree SIZE A small bushy shrub 4-5 feet high that also makes an excellent container plant. ECOLOGY It does best in acidic, well drained soil and is shade tolerant. PRODUCTION SEASON Winter/spring DESCRIPTION The shrub has dense, attractive foliage and is covered with fragrant gardenia- like flowers. It's small yellow FRUIT capsules contain a very sweet black pulp.