1 GUIDANCE TO STATES : Recommendations for Developing Family drug court guidelines 2015. Edition Guidance to STATES : Recommendations for Developing Family drug court guidelines Original Print: 2013. Updated: 2015. This project is supported by Award No. 2013-DC-BX-K002 awarded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Office of Justice Programs. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. The original document was prepared by Children and Family Futures for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), under Contract No. 2009-DC-BX- K069. Numerous people contributed to the initial development of this publication.
2 Nancy K. Young, , served as Project Director, and Phil Breitenbucher, , and Jane E. Pfeifer, , co-authored and edited the nal draft. Gwendolyn Williams served as the Government Project Officer from OJJDP. Sharon Amatetti, , and Holly Rogers, , from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) provided helpful guidance. Children and Family Futures partnered with The National drug court Institute (NDCI) to create this publication; special thanks to Carson Fox, , Douglas Marlowe, , , and Meghan Wheeler, , for their continuing collaboration and expertise. Guidance to STATES : Recommendations for Developing Family drug court guidelines is the culmination of a 2-year project of Children and Family Futures . Initial conceptualization and significant contribution was provided by a devoted workgroup of experts from the fields of substance abuse, child welfare and courts that included: Sidney Gardner, , Dan Griffin, , Mary Kay Hudson, , Hilary Kushins, , Hon.
3 Nicolette Pach, (ret.), Richard Schwermer, , and Meghan Wheeler, Reviewers and contributors included: Shannon M. Carey, , Hon. Jeri B. Cohen, , Sharon DiPirro-Beard, MFT, Hon. Leonard Edwards, , Iris A. Key, , Hon. Molly Merrigan, , Pamela Miller, Hon. Michael Nye, , Anna Powers, Hon. Patricia S. Stone, Staff from Children and Family Futures also provided significant support: Alexis Balkey, , , Russ Bermejo, , Linda Carpenter, , Erin E. Hall, MSOT, and Theresa Lemus, , , Finally, we wish to acknowledge and thank the State drug court Coordinators who provided invaluable feedback throughout the process. REVISED VERSION 2015. This updated publication was prepared by Children and Family Futures for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), under Contract No. 2013-DC-BX- K002.
4 Many people contributed to this revision. Nancy K. Young, , served as Project Director, and Phil Breitenbucher, , and Jane E. Pfeifer, , co-authored the monograph. Angela Parker served as the Government Project Officer from OJJDP. Jerry Gardner and Lauren van Schilfgaarde of Tribal Law and Policy Institute provided additional guidance. Staff reviewers and contributors included: Claudia Alvarez, , Alexis Balkey, , , Russ Bermejo, , Linda Carpenter, , Marianna Corona, , , Hanh L. Dao, , Ken DeCerchio, , , Kim Dennis, , Sid Gardner, , Nancy Hansen, , Theresa Lemus, , , , Chad Rodi, , Bonnie Washeck, Roxanne Tran and Srivani Tangella, RECOMMENDED CITATION. Children and Families Futures . (2013 rev 2015). Guidance to STATES : Recommendations for Developing Family drug court guidelines . Prepared for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Office of Justice Programs.
5 Retrieved from: TABLE OF CONTENTS. 1. What's New in ..1. Background ..2. Creation of the Recommendations ..2. Evidenced-informed Practices ..3. Systems Impact ..3. Collaboration ..4. The Challenge ..5. How to Use this Document ..5. The 10 Recommendations ..6. Recommendation 1: Create Shared Mission and Vision .. 8. Description ..8. Research Findings ..9. Effective Strategies for Creating Shared Mission and Vision ..10. Recommendation 2: Develop Interagency Partnerships .. 12. Description ..12. Research Findings ..12. Effective Strategies for Developing Interagency Partnerships ..14. Recommendation 3: Create Effective Communication Protocols for Sharing Information .. 16. Description ..16. Research Findings ..16. Effective Strategies for Effective Communication Protocols for Sharing Information.
6 17. Recommendation 4: Ensure Interdisciplinary Knowledge .. 19. Description ..19. Research Findings ..19. Effective Strategies for Ensuring Interdisciplinary Knowledge ..20. Recommendation 5: Develop a Process for Early Identification and Assessment .. 22. Description ..22. Research Findings ..22. Effective Strategies for Developing a Process for Early Identification and Assessment ..23. Recommendation 6: Address the Needs of Parents .. 25. Description ..25. Research Findings ..25. Effective Strategies for Addressing the Needs of Parents ..28. Recommendation 7: Address the Needs of Children .. 31. Description ..31. Research Findings ..32. Effective Strategies for Addressing the Needs of Children ..34. Recommendation 8: Garner Community 36. Description ..36. Research Findings ..36. Effective Strategies for Garnering Community Support.
7 37. Recommendation 9: Implement Funding and Sustaining Strategies .. 39. Description ..39. Research Findings ..39. Effective Strategies for Implementing Funding and Sustaining Strategies ..40. Recommendation 10: Evaluate for Shared Outcomes and Accountability .. 42. Description ..42. Research Findings ..43. Effective Strategies for Evaluating for Shared Outcomes and Accountability ..43. Conclusion .. 45. Appendices Appendix A: Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA)..A 1. Appendix B: Collaboration and Governance Structure ..B 1. Appendix C: Facilitator's Guide .. C 1. Appendix D: Checklist .. D 1. Appendix E: References .. E 1. INTRODUCTION. Family drug courts (FDCs) offer an important and effective way to address substance use disorders and parenting within the child welfare and court systems.
8 In existence since 1994, with more than 300 programs in operation today, FDCs grew out of the adult criminal drug court movement that began in Miami in 1989. In the mid-1990s, the adult criminal drug court model was described by the National Association of drug court Professionals (NADCP) in Defining drug Courts: The Ten Key Components,1 which offered a framework to develop and refine adult drug courts. Several STATES have developed FDC standards by which they monitor local jurisdictions and that provide direction on specific needs and issues related to child welfare such as child development, trauma experiences and child safety concerns, however most STATES have not. This poses challenges as STATES and individual FDCs seek guidance in planning, implementing, and monitoring their programs and in turn makes program evaluation and quality assurance more difficult.
9 There have been considerable efforts to identify the characteristics of FDCs in the past decade that incorporate practice changes to address the needs of Children and their families. Building on those efforts, this document has been developed to provide assistance to the field in further defining FDCs' best and promising practices so that STATES can issue their own guidelines for FDCs or enact standards by which FDCs are held accountable. As a component of the Technical Assistance program of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Children and Family Futures partnered with the National drug court Institute, Federal, State, and other stakeholders to create these recommendations. It is hoped that the document will be used by STATES to develop their own recommendations but also by local FDCs as a tool for courts and administrative agencies who are beginning an FDC or seek to improve their operations.
10 This document provides the description of each recommendation, the supporting evidence, and examples of effective strategies on how that recommendation can be implemented. The guidance also provides a common vocabulary to begin the collaborative effort to implement an FDC, including specific direction to maximize collaboration efforts for STATES . WHAT'S NEW IN Guidance to STATES : Recommendations for Developing Family drug court guidelines was first published in May 2013 and since that time, more than 20,000 copies have been downloaded from the internet and another 500 were distributed in hardcopy. In the past few years, there have been a number of new and important contributions to the FDC. literature, such as the SAMHSA publication on the lessons from the Children Affected by Methamphetamine grant program,2 the development of Adult drug court Best Practice Standards3,4 and new evaluation literature on There have also been significant advances from research on topics such as trauma, case management and recovery support, and mental health.