Example: air traffic controller

w;HjYH bf.kqï ixl,am .K;sh - nie.lk

W; hjyh ixl,am .Ks;h w; hjyh ixl,am j I 2016 yd bka b hg meje;a ug ksh ;. w' fmd' i'^idudkH fm<& .Ks;. m%Yak m;%h 1 i|yd wdjrKh h hq;= Ih ikaOdrh ^10 iy 11 fY%aKs Ih ks foaY wkqj fomd ;f ka;=j oHd yd ;dlaIK mSGh cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh Y%S ,xldj .Ks; fomd ;f ka;=j 1 cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh w; hjyh . w; ixl,a ixl,amm (Essential Learning Concepts). w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm<& isiqka f;dard.; hq;= yr Ihka w;r m%Odk ;ekla ys jkafka .Ks;h Ihg h' g m%Odk fya;=j jkafka w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm<& iu;a u r|d mj;skqfha .Ks;h Ihfha iu;a u u; h' w' fmd' i' ^Wiia fm<& l=ula fyda Ih Odrdjla Tiafia yeoE f isyskh h:d ;hla njg m;a lr.

w;HjYH bf.kqï ixl,am.Ks; fomd¾;fïka;=j cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh2

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  W hjyh bf, Hjyh, 239 ixl

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Transcription of w;HjYH bf.kqï ixl,am .K;sh - nie.lk

1 W; hjyh ixl,am .Ks;h w; hjyh ixl,am j I 2016 yd bka b hg meje;a ug ksh ;. w' fmd' i'^idudkH fm<& .Ks;. m%Yak m;%h 1 i|yd wdjrKh h hq;= Ih ikaOdrh ^10 iy 11 fY%aKs Ih ks foaY wkqj fomd ;f ka;=j oHd yd ;dlaIK mSGh cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh Y%S ,xldj .Ks; fomd ;f ka;=j 1 cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh w; hjyh . w; ixl,a ixl,amm (Essential Learning Concepts). w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm<& isiqka f;dard.; hq;= yr Ihka w;r m%Odk ;ekla ys jkafka .Ks;h Ihg h' g m%Odk fya;=j jkafka w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm<& iu;a u r|d mj;skqfha .Ks;h Ihfha iu;a u u; h' w' fmd' i' ^Wiia fm<& l=ula fyda Ih Odrdjla Tiafia yeoE f isyskh h:d ;hla njg m;a lr.

2 ; yelafla fuu wksjd h jQ .Ks; Ih iu;a u u; h'. w' fmd' i' ^Wiia fm<& l,d fyda jdKsc Ih Odrdjka Tiafia yeoE ug Wkka j fuka u yelshdj we;s orejdg w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm< Ihh wiu;a fuka mdi,a moaO;sh yer hdug is f '. f ms<sn| j je rg;a fidhd ne wOHdmk wud;HdxYh" w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm<& .Ks; ld h idOkh by<. kex u msKsi iq iq ks foaY b m;a ls u i|yd jQ fYaI WmfoaYl l gqjla m;a lr ta ms<sn| j fidhd ne w;r tu WmfoaYl l gq jd ;dj ;=, i|yka j ;snQ ks foaY w;= ka lsysmhla my; iq fYaIS j olajuq'. 1' oa ;Shl wOHdmkh i|yd b m;a lrkq ,nk .Ks; Ih wka.

3 ;h". ^w& mdi,a .Ks;h Ydia;%Sh fyda m fhaIKd;aul .Ks;g iudk fkd h hq;= nj'. ^wd Sh mdi,a u gf .Ks;h fmkS is kafka" isiqka kqj;a mqrjeishka njg m;a ug bv i,id we;e j l=i,;d ixj Okh msKsi Wmldr ls ug nj'. ^we h Ihh wfkl=;a Ihkays wjYH jk Wmld Ihla u'. ^wE a M,odhS i|yd .Ks; ixl,am y|kajd f m%uqL;d wkqms<sfj,la iys; u'. hk lreKq flfrys ie,ls,su;a h hq;= u 2' j ;udkfha ieufokd iska u tlu .Ks;hla .ekSug is j ;s f ;;ajhg iq iq m%;sld h i ula f,i 10 iy 11. fY%K. a j s , w; hjyh ixl,am " (Essential Learning Concepts) y we;' fuh .Ks; idlaIr;djfhka hq;a mqrjeisfhl=.

4 F,i ie,lSu i|yd wjYHfhka u .; hq;= fldgila f,i ks jpkh l< yels w;r Tjqkag .Ks;fha iud h ;d pdrd;aul j ;lafiare ls ug o yelsjkq we;'..Ks; fomd ;f ka;=j 2 cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh 3' w; hjyh ixl,amj,g wh;a .eg i f w; hjyh l% ixl,a yd ixl,a mSh kqmu wdo Ykh ls ug yels u f,i ks jpkh l<yels wfmalaIs; uQ,sl ^wju& idOk u gu [Basic (Lowest) Achievement Level (BAL) ] ms<sn| tl`.;djlg t< ug o ks foaY lrkq ,ef '. 4' w;HdjYH ixl,am (ELC) ms<sn| by;ska i|yka lrk ,o ks foaYhkag wkql, + j w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm<& .Ks;h m%Yak m;%fhys ixhq;sh my; i|yka m m%;sjHqy.

5 ; l< yels h'. m<uqjeks m;%fhys ^meh foll ld,h .; jkq we;af;a Ih ks foaYfhys w : lajQ w; hjyh ixl,am wh;a jHqy.;. m%Yak iy fl ms<s;=re iys; m%Yak muKs' th ish Nd. yelshd mrdih ;=<g jefgk w;r wjidk m%;sM,fhka 50]lg odhl f '. fojeks m%Yak m;%fhys ^meh fol yudrl ld,h .; jkq we;af;a i mQ K Ih ks foaYfhka tk jHqy.; rpkduh m%Yak f '. fuh ilia lrkq ,nkafka jvd Ydia;%hS yelshdjkA we;s isiqka i|yd h' by< idud :hka n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkakka iy Wiia wOHdmk Odrdjkag fhduq ug wfmalaId lrk wh b,lal fuh ilia lrkq ,ef ' wjidk idud :hg fojk m;%fhka ,efnk odhl;ajh 50]ls'.

6 F wkaoug iudkH fm< .Ks; m%Yak m;%fha iu;a f ,l=K 35]la f,i ie<fla k m<uq m;%hg 70]la ^fuh w; hjyh . ixl,amj, uQ,sl idOk u gu f,i ie<lsh yels h& ,nd .kakd kEu YsIHfhl=g fojeks m;%hg lsis ,l=Kla ,nd jqj;a .Ks;h iu;a ug yels f '. by; i|yka lreKq o wdpd h Wmd,s ud ms h m%uqL oaj;a ms ila iska j I 2005 ilia lrk ,o w; hjyh ixl,am keu;s f,aLKh o ie<ls,a,g .ks ka 11 fY%aKsfhka miq Wiia fm< wOHmkhg ms fik orejl= ;=, ;s h hq;= .Ks; ixl,am ms<sn| cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kfha .Ks; fomd ;f ka;=j iska y ,o fuu "w; hjyh ixl,am "" oHd mSG l ldpd hjreka"..=re WmfoaYljreka yd.

7 =reNj;= ie ,;a lKavdhula iu`. idl Pd lr ka h h ;srKj,g t,e fuka miq ilia lrk ,o w; hjyh ixl,amj, 10 yd 11 fY%aKs Ih ks foaYj,g wod< Ih wka; .;h yd m, my; i|yka lr we;'. fuu Ih fldgi" isiqka ,`.d o hkak m laId ls u j I 2016 y kajdfokq ,nk w' fmd' i' ^idudkH fm< h m;%h - I. u`.ska is ls ug ksh ; h'..Ks; fomd ;f ka;=j 3 cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh w; hjyh ixl,am Ih wka; .;h m, igyka j .uQ,h wkqhd; mQ K j . ixLHd folla w;r msys mQ K j .hla fkdjk 100g wvq mQ K j .hla fkdjk ikaksl IKh ^m<uq ixLHdjl j .uQ,h i|yd o< fidhhs' ixLHd muKs'. ikaksl IKh muKs& mQ K j.

8 Hla fkdjk mQ K ixLHdjl j .uQ,h m<uq ikaksl IKhg fidhhs'. mQ K j .hla fkdjk mQ K ixLHdjl j .uQ,h oYu ixLHdjla jk nj ms< '. iudka;r fY%a wkqhd; mo folla w;r wka;rh ksh;hla jk ixLHd wkql%uhla a yd d ks , muKs'. ye ka u iudka;r fY%a hla f,i y kd .kshs'. n jk moh iudka;r fY%a wdY%s; md NdIsl mo y kd .kshs'. Tn a (n 1)d iQ;%h Nd ;fhka iudka;r fY%a hl n jk moh fidhhs'. iudka;r fY%a hl n jk moh ^ Tn s g n ys iQ;% Nd ;fhka fidhhs'. Nd. wdY%s; ir, .eg t fkod ;fha Nd. Nd ; jk wjia:d .%y lrhs' jryk iu`..Ks ; l u 3la BODMAS kS;sh o we;=<;a j" Nd. weiq ka t fkod ;hg i nkaO we;=<;a m%ldYk muKs'.

9 I u ir, .eg i|hs'. m%;sf,dau iudkqmd; rdYs folla w;r i nkaOh .%y lr ka m%;sf,dau iudkqmd;sl y kd ye ka u .kshs'. m%;sf,dau iudkqmd; wdY%s; m%;sf,dau iudkqmd; ms<sn| kqu Nd ;fhka jev yd ld,h wdY%s; ir, .eg .eg i|hs'. jev yd ld,h .Ks; fomd ;f ka;=j 4 cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh w; hjyh ixl,am Ih wka; .;h m, igyka n j . ^;Sre n " wdodh j mk n , ;Sre n , wdodh n yd tl;= l< u; noao hk n m%;sY;h mQ K ixLHdjla jk n " j mk n yd tl;= n j . y kd .kshs' m jQ o ms<;. s =r ixLHd;aul l, u; noao& jk m jQ o .Kkh ls muKla j mk n wdYs%; .Kkh ls j, fhfohs'. ye ka u we;=,;a h'.

10 ;Sre n wdYs%; .Kkh ls j, fhfohs' ^ cSh mo fyda m%ldYk Nd ; jk .Kkh ls wdodh n wdYs%; .Kkh ls j, fhfohs' .eg wfmalaId fkdflf ' = l< u; n wdYs%; .Kkh ls j, fhfohs'. n wdYs%; .eg i|hs'. iq`M fmd,sh uq,a uqo,;a ld,h;a fmd,S wkqmd;slh;a ie,ls,a,g .ks ka .Kkh fmd,S m%;sY;h mQ K ixLHdjla jk fmd,S wkqmd;slh lrk fmd,ssh, iq fmd,ssh f,i y kd .kshs'. m jQ o ms<;. s =r ixLHd;aul jd Isl$udisl h uqo,la i|yd tlu fmd,S wkqmd;slh hgf;a iudk ld, mrdihka jk m jQ o .Kkh ls muKla ;=< ,efnk fmd,sh iudk nj y '. fmd,S .Kkh we;=,;a h'. uqo,la i|yd we;s ld,hg yd fmd,S wkqmd;slhg wkqj fmd,sh ^ cSh mo fyda m%ldYk Nd ;d jk.


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