1 Iblical 7. erspectives WOMEN . in the CHURCH . A Biblical Study on the Role of WOMEN in the CHURCH by Samuele Bacchiocchi Forewords by Prof. Wayne Grudem and Prof. James B. Hurley Essay by William Fagal iblical erspectives 4990 Appian Way Berrien Springs Michigan 49103, USA. Main Menu BOOKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR. THE CHRISTIAN AND ROCK MUSIC is a timely symposium that defines the biblical principles to make good musical choices. THE SABBATH UNDER CROSSFIRE refutes the common arguments used to negate the continuity and validity of the Sabbath. IMMORTALITY OR RESURRECTION? unmasks with compelling Biblical reason- ing the oldest and the greatest deception of all time, that human beings possess immortal souls that live on forever. THE MARRIAGE COVENANT is designed to strengthen your Christian home through a recovery of those biblical principles established by God to ensure happy, lasting, marital relationships. THE ADVENT HOPE FOR HUMAN HOPELESSNESS offers a scholarly, and comprehensive analysis of the biblical teachings regarding the certainty and imminence of Christ's Return.
2 FROM SABBATH TO SUNDAY presents the results of a painstaking research done at a Vatican University in Rome on how the change came about from Saturday to Sunday in early Christianity. THE SABBATH IN THE NEW TESTAMENT summarizes Bacchiocchi's exten- sive research on the history and theology of the Lord's Day and answers the most frequently asked questions on this subject. WINE IN THE BIBLE shows convincingly that the Bible condemns the use of alcoholic beverages, irrespective of the quantity used. CHRISTIAN DRESS AND ADORNMENT examines the Biblical teachings regarding dress, cosmetics, and jewelry. An important book designed to help Christians dress modestly, decently, and reverently. DIVINE REST FOR HUMAN RESTLESSNESS offers a rich and stirring theo- logical interpretation of the relevance of Sabbathkeeping for our tension-filled and restless society. Translated in 15 languages. HAL LINDSEY'S PROPHETIC JIGSAW PUZZLE refutes with compelling logic the senselessness of the predictions made by writers like Hal Lindsey.
3 It received the 1987 Associated CHURCH Press Award. WOMEN IN THE CHURCH shows why Scripture supports the participation of WOMEN in various CHURCH ministries but precludes their ordination to the representative role of elder or pastor. THE TIME OF THE CRUCIFIXION AND THE RESURRECTION examines the time element of the Crucifixion/Resurrection as well as the meaning of Christ's death. GOD'S FESTIVALS IN SCRIPTURE AND HISTORY. Vol. 1: The Spring Festivals; Vol. 2: The Fall Festivals examine the historical development and theological meaning of the ancient Feasts of Israel. Each of the above books costs $ , mailing expenses included. To order them, call (616) 471-2915 or mail your prepaid order to: BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVES. 4990 Appian Way. Berrien Springs, MI 49103, USA. Web Page: E-mail: or Main Menu Cover photo by Donald May Cover design and layout by Daniel Bacchiocchi Copyright 1987. by Samuele Bacchiocchi Fifth printing December 2000. To purchase a copy of this book call (616) 471-2915 or mail your prepaid order ($ , postpaid).
4 To BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVES. 4990 Appian Way Berrien Springs Michigan 49103. Phone (616) 471-2915. Fax (616) 471-4013. E-mail: or Web site: Main Menu TABLE. OF. CONTENTS. Forewords .. 6. Preface .. 10. Introduction .. 19. 1. The Ministry of WOMEN in the Old 28. Man and Woman at Creation .. 28. WOMEN and Private Worship .. 30. WOMEN and Public Worship .. 32. Conclusion .. 37. Endnotes .. 38. 2. The Ministry of WOMEN in the New Testament .. 40. WOMEN in the Ministry of Jesus .. 42. WOMEN in the Ministry of the Apostolic CHURCH .. 48. Conclusion .. 55. Endnotes .. 57. 3. The Order of Creation .. 59. Genesis 1: Male and Female .. 60. Genesis 2: Equality and Submission .. 64. Genesis 3: Sin and Submission .. 71. Conclusion .. 75. Endnotes .. 76. 4. The Order of Redemption .. 78. Jesus and the Role of WOMEN .. 79. Paul and the Role of WOMEN .. 82. Conclusion .. 92. Endnotes .. 94. Main Menu Table of Contents 5. 5. Headship and Submission .. 97. The Meaning of Headship.
5 98. Headship and Submission in Marriage .. 104. Headship and Submission in the CHURCH .. 111. Conclusion .. 121. Endnotes .. 122. 6. WOMEN and CHURCH Office .. 127. 1 Timothy 2:9-15: WOMEN and Leadership in the CHURCH .. 128. 1 Corinthians 14:33-36: WOMEN & Speaking in the 146. Conclusion .. 154. Endnotes .. 155. 7. The Role of the Pastor .. 161. The Pastor as Representative of the Congregation .. 162. The Pastor as Representative of Christ .. 177. Conclusion .. 188. Endnotes .. 189. 8. Retrospect and Prospect .. 193. Retrospect .. 193. Prospect .. 200. Final Recommendations .. 227. Conclusion .. 211. Endnotes .. 212. 9. Headship, Submission, and Equality in Scripture .. 214. Genesis 1: Male and Female .. 219. Genesis 2: Equality and Submission .. 221. Genesis 3: Sin and Subordination .. 233. Headship, Submission, and Equality in the Old Testament .. 242. Headship, Submission, and Equality in the New Testament .. 250. Conclusion .. 263. Endnotes .. 264. 10. Ellen White and the Role of WOMEN in the CHURCH .
6 270. Ellen White's Ordination Statements .. 271. Historical Arguments .. 281. Ellen White's View of WOMEN 's Role in the CHURCH .. 289. Conclusion .. 294. Endnotes .. 295. Main Menu FOREWORD. by Prof. Wayne Grudem This is an extremely valuable book for anyone interested in the current debate over WOMEN 's roles in the CHURCH . I think it will clear up much of the confusion people feel over this issue today. The entire book is a model of clarity and fairness. In each section Dr. Bacchiocchi first sets out the various positions taken on some passage of Scripture (with footnotes to a wealth of recent literature from all perspec- tives). Then he takes the reader back to the Biblical text to show reasons from Scripture to support his position. Time and again I found myself saying, Yes, yes! as I read this book. Dr. Bacchiocchi has a balanced discussion of the relationship between equality and subordination in human relationships. He has a very positive discussion of the important roles WOMEN played in the Old Testament, in the Ministry of Jesus, and in the New Testament CHURCH .
7 His discussion of Genesis 1-3 is sober and persuasive, as is his discussion of Galatians 3:28. He rightly points out that the idea of mutual submission which so many people see in Ephesians 5:21 cannot be supported from the text. Dr. Bacchiocchi also has a very sensitive treatment of the nuances of headship and submission in marriage as taught in Paul's epistles. His discussion of the head covering passage in 1 Corinthians 11 should clarify the teaching of this passage for everyone who has puzzled over it before. His discussion of 1 Timothy 2:11-15 is very helpful and deals fairly with all opposing views. While some may think the passage prohibits more than Dr. Bacchiocchi says, few should see it as prohibiting anything less. Moreover, he consistently shows a sensitivity to God's overall design for men and WOMEN throughout the flow of Biblical history, and a maturity of judgment -6- Main Menu Forewords 7. in coming to correct conclusions on the meaning of Scripture.
8 Finally, he sounds a needed warning about the serious harm to the family and the CHURCH which inevitably follows when the Biblical teachings on male headship in the family and the CHURCH are abandoned. This is a critical issue for Christians today, and many people simply don't know what they should believe. Over the past fifteen years, dozens of feminist books and articles have challenged the plain meaning of Scripture. We have been told that submit does not mean submit, that have authority over men does not mean have authority over men, that not permit does not mean not permit, that head does not mean leader or authority, that teach . does not mean teach, and so forth. Yet all these arguments, as Dr. Bacchiocchi so plainly shows, have failed to be persuasive. But this book never gets lost in academic technicalities. While the views of other scholars are extensively cited for examples and illustrations, their opinions are not used as proof for Dr. Bacchiocchi's own position, nor does he appeal to obscure data accessible only to specialized scholars.
9 His approach rather does something far better and far more persuasive it takes the ordinary reader back to look more closely at the actual words of Scripture, so that readers might check for themselves whether the Scripture supports what Dr. Bacchiocchi is saying. The value of this approach is that it encourages readers to be like the Bereans, who examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true (Acts 17:11). In a day when scholarly experts can be found on all sides of this question, the only solution is for every Christian to return once again to Scripture itself, to read it carefully, to ask God's help in understanding it, and to believe that God has caused Scripture to be written in such a way that it can be understood by ordinary believers, so that they can come to a right decision. This is what God's people had to do long ago, when the Pharisees . the Biblical experts of the 1st century publicly disagreed with Jesus, and later with Paul.
10 The advantage of Dr. Bacchiocchi's book is that it provides a very careful discussion of the issues but ultimately encourages Christians to look again at the Scriptures and decide for themselves. I am confident that many Christians who read this book will decide that it is time to say to those holding a feminist viewpoint, We have heard your evidence, we have understood your arguments, and we have searched Scripture for ourselves to see if these things were true. While we see many areas where we want to encourage greater participation by WOMEN in the life of the CHURCH , nevertheless, we, like Dr. Bacchiocchi, must conclude that Main Menu Forewords 8. when you say WOMEN can be elders and pastors, what you are saying is simply not faithful to Scripture; it is not what Scripture teaches.. If this book brings many people to the point where they are willing to reach such a conclusion as I expect the book will do then it will have performed a very valuable function for the building up of the CHURCH in faithfulness to Scripture, all to the glory of God.