1 WorkplaceTransport Saf etySafe WorkplaceInf ormation SheetThis informationsheet provid es ba sic guida nce on th elayout of the workplaceandtr affic routes to enabl ethe safe movementof veh icles and pedestri ans. Theinform ati on is aimed pri mari ly at pe rman ent fixed plac es of work, howeve rsome ofthe information may also be applica ble totran sient, te mpor ary and mobil ewor kplacessuch asconstructi on si tes. The informa tion is aime dat designers,empl oye rs ,self-employedpeopl eand persons who have cont rol of aplace of work. It wil lals obeof inte rest to employeeswho may be af fected by cause of transportacci dents is poor work place design and layout.
2 Carefu lexaminationand planni ng of the work place an dtraffic route swil lres ult in alowe rriskof such accidents. Und er the Safety , Hea lthand Welfa re at Work Act2005 (No. 10 of2005) th ere is alegal requirementon the employer and an yperson who has controlto an yextent of the Workplace ,to carry out awritte nrisk asse part of th eri sk assessment,tra nsport hazards must be iden tifie conduc ting the ass es sment, the workplaceitse lf mu st be evaluat ed with re spe ct tothe movemen tof vehi cles and pedestriansand adequ ate control measur es mu st beput in place to el iminate or reduce any risks may beacom bination of physical mea sures su chas road sig nage ormarkingsand formal traf fic management proce dures such as documentedtr affic plansand sit erules.
3 Awel ldesigned workpla ce will not only imp rove Safety but will alsoimprove work flow and producti vity .Assessingand Managing the WorkplaceWhen assess ing the workpl ace and pl anning tr affic rout es consider the work activities,the tra ffic typ e, the volume and cir culation of vehicula rand pedes tr ian tr af fic. Takeacc oun tof commerc ial vehicl es such asdelive ry vans, large good sveh icl es ,couriervehicles an dtankers that visit the workplac vehic les that may infrequentlyif ever vis it the workplac efor ex am pleemergencyvehicl es. Incl ude internal vehicle ssuch as forklift truck s, tug s, visitor andsta ff vehi cles whic hmay include cars, motorb ike sand bicycles.
4 Rem em ber to inc ludepedest rian tr affic such as site employees,other people s employee s, visitors andcontra cto rs .Al ltra ffi centering the workpl ace must be dire cted and controlledas far as pr ac the plac eofwork is ashared site or you do not own th esite, you may have to workwit hot her employersor the landlord toensure that workplac etransportisadequate lyma naged on ne dbelow are some of the features of the workplac ewhich nee dto beevalu atedduring the risk assess ment Ve hicularTrafficRou tes Revie wac ces sand entry int othe site. Does traffic hav eto cross amajor road toenter/exityour sit e?
5 Is an al ternative arrangement po ssible? Cont rol pedestriansand veh icles entering the sitefor exa mple, by use of barriers oraccess gates. Ensure that equip ment tha thas to be opera ted by drivers such asentrance ba rriers can be operat ed from asafe loca ti on. En sure that ifgates orbar riers are to stay open th at they are adequat ely secured. Ensu re tha tdrivers have adequatevi sibility toenable them to see ckthat lands cap ing does not affect visibility especia lly at jun ct ions. In ce rtainsituat ions, boundarywire mesh fenc ing may bemore appropriatein certain siteareas where awall may restrict vision.
6 Take accou ntof lef thand drive vehi cleswhi ch may visit your vehicle sma yhave different lines of visibil ity. Elimi nate the need for reversing,where possib le. Consid er one waysys tems anddriv ethrough loading and unloadingarea s, turning points or if space is limi tedco nside rengineeri ng cont rols such asturntables. Ensu re tha ttr affic routes are const ructed of suita ble material for thelocation ,typeof tra ffi cand the si ze of the route .The route sh ould be firm, hav ead eq uatedrai nage, asuitable dri ving surface, cle arly de fined edges and be wide enou gh forthe movementof the largest vehicle and itsloa d.
7 Av oid traffic routes passing close tohaza rdous area ssuch aschemic al stor ag eta nks. Keep routes away fro mentrancesor doorway sused by pedestri an s. Avoidsharp or blind bends and steep slopes on traffic rou tes. If blind spots or sharp bendscannot be avoided, prov ide mi rrors to impro ve vision. Look at areas where height clea ra nce or height restrictionmay be an issue such asov erhead electrical cabl es or pipelin ve hicles to your si te mayha ve va rying hei ght cl earance. Keep ro utes free of obstructi ons, but where unavoi da ble ensu re th at they are clearlyma rked.
8 Pro vide impact protectionfor vulne rable pa rts of the workpl ac esu ch aslamp posts, pipe work and colu Pedestrians Segreg ate pedestriansfrom vehicles. Provide obvious separa te foot path sorwa lkw ays forpedest ri an s. The wid thof the walkw ay should be wide enough for th enu mb er of people expect ed to use it. Wider walkway swill be re qui re dwhere largergro up sof peo ple are ex pected to use the wa lkways at the same ti me. Wh ere th is isno tfeasible ensure that the traffic route is wide enough for bo thvehi cl es andped estr ian sto use it safely. Pro vide ped estrian crossi ng points wh ich have good visib ility for both the driver andthe pedes trian.
9 If th eroad iswide, prov ide acentral refuge for the cross ingped estr ian .If there is heavy pedestri antra ffic on site ,con sider traff ic light s,subways or pedestrianbri dges. Conside rth eprovision of barrie rs ,rail sor pedestriandeter rent paving to di rect pedestriansto design ated crossing poi nts and preventped estr ian scrossing at blin dspots. Pro vide barrie rs at entranc es and exit sto buildin gs to preven tpedestrianswalkingdire ctly into traffic .Provi de sep arate vehic le an dpedest ria nentrancesinto buildin gs ,wit hvision panels on al ldoors. At busy periods for example lunch time and the start and finish of the work ing day,co nside rproh ibit ing orlimiti ng vehi cular traffic in the areas that wil lencoun terped estr ian s.
10 Ensu re tha tpedestrianswear Hi gh Visib ility jack ets or vests in areas wherewor kpl ace vehicles are op er ati ng. Pro vide safe areas for drivers whilst vehic les are being Signageand Road Markings Mar kand signpost all vehi cular and pedest ria ntra ffic routes both inte rnall yan dexter na lly. Mark or sig npost informationsuch as any restrict ed/ no parkin gareas ,ped estr ian crossings,traffi clanes, directions,junctions,stop lines, changes ingradien t, kerbs, bollards, route edges, limited hea dspace area s, sp eed lim its andsharp bends . Al lroad signage shoul dcomp ly with the Departmentof Tra nspor tTr affi cSi gnsManual.