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WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2017

WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2017. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD. Foreword .. 3 This year we are celebrating our 50 th anniversary but of course this Celebrating 50 years of the WORLD STEEL Association .. 4 publication will largely report on last year 2016. Much has changed in 50 years back in 1967, the WORLD produced just less than 500 million CRUDE STEEL PRODUCTION tonnes of STEEL . In 2016, the WORLD produced just over 1,600 million WORLD crude STEEL production, 1950 to 2016 .. 7 tonnes. Most of the growth came from new industrialising nations . Top steelmakers, 8 Brazil, China, India, Iran and Mexico. Major STEEL -producing countries, 2015 and 2016 .. 9 STEEL as a product is so versatile and fundamental to our lives that it is Crude STEEL production by process, 2016 .. 10 considered essential to economic growth. Consequently, for most of the Continuously-cast STEEL output, 2014 to 2016 11 past 50 years, the WORLD has been producing increasingly more STEEL Monthly crude STEEL production, 2013 to 2016 12 and sometimes more than was actually required while at the same time, making the product universally affordable and promoting intense STEEL USE competition between its producers.

WORLD CRUDE STEEL PRODUCTION 1950 TO 2016 Years World 1950 189 1955 270 1960 347 1965 456 1970 595 1975 644 1980 717 1985 719 1990 770 1995 753 1996 751

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Transcription of WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2017

1 WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2017. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD. Foreword .. 3 This year we are celebrating our 50 th anniversary but of course this Celebrating 50 years of the WORLD STEEL Association .. 4 publication will largely report on last year 2016. Much has changed in 50 years back in 1967, the WORLD produced just less than 500 million CRUDE STEEL PRODUCTION tonnes of STEEL . In 2016, the WORLD produced just over 1,600 million WORLD crude STEEL production, 1950 to 2016 .. 7 tonnes. Most of the growth came from new industrialising nations . Top steelmakers, 8 Brazil, China, India, Iran and Mexico. Major STEEL -producing countries, 2015 and 2016 .. 9 STEEL as a product is so versatile and fundamental to our lives that it is Crude STEEL production by process, 2016 .. 10 considered essential to economic growth. Consequently, for most of the Continuously-cast STEEL output, 2014 to 2016 11 past 50 years, the WORLD has been producing increasingly more STEEL Monthly crude STEEL production, 2013 to 2016 12 and sometimes more than was actually required while at the same time, making the product universally affordable and promoting intense STEEL USE competition between its producers.

2 STEEL production and use: geographical distribution, 2006 14. In the global markets we operate in, fierce competition for trade will STEEL production and use: geographical distribution, 2016 15. remain, with the present push to protect domestic markets probably Apparent STEEL use, 2010 to 2016 16. continuing for the next few years. But we believe that it is crucial for Apparent STEEL use per capita, 2010 to 2016 17. policies to continue to promote a level playing field between countries and regions. Trade based on free and fair access to markets have RAW MATERIALS. served society best in providing STEEL to build our economies at most Pig iron, 2015 and 2016 18. affordable terms. Direct reduced iron production, 2009 to 2016 19. Iron ore, 2015 20 On page 4 and 5 you will find a spread outlining the many programmes WORLD iron ore trade by area, 2016 21 we have managed since our start.

3 It is interesting to note that innovation, sustainability and environmental standards have figured prominently as Trade in ferrous scrap, 2015 and 2016 22. far back as 1967. The STEEL industry has always been at the forefront of WORLD trade in ferrous scrap by area, 2016 23. driving efficiency and improvement through its manufacturing process and this will continue over the next 50 years. STEEL TRADE. WORLD STEEL trade in products, 1975 to 2016 24 This booklet provides a comprehensive overview of STEEL industry WORLD volume of trade, 2000 to 2016 24 activities, stretching from production to STEEL use to some indications of WORLD STEEL exports, analysis by product, 2011 to 2016 25 global trade flows. If you have any comments, please do not hesitate to WORLD STEEL trade by area, 2016 26 contact me. Major importers and exporters of STEEL , 2016 27. INDIRECT TRADE. Indirect trade in STEEL , 2000 to 2015 28.

4 Major indirect importers and exporters of STEEL , 2015 28. True STEEL use, 2009 to 2015 29 Dr Edwin Basson Apparent and true STEEL use per capita, 2015 29 Director General For details on the notation used in this publication, please refer to page 30. 3. CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF. THE WORLD STEEL ASSOCIATION. Our focus: A sustainable industry committed to eco-efficient production and recovery, reuse and recycling of STEEL A future-minded industry committed to the reduction of global CO2 emissions through advanced applications, technology Sustainable 1993. development transfer and technology breakthrough policy agreed First A global industry which wants to operate with a level playing 1967 1993. steelManagement course held field free of market distortions which prevent fair competition A caring and committed industry which believes that nothing International Iron is more important than the safety and health of its people and STEEL Institute A cornerstone of the WORLD 's industrial sectors with attractive (IISI)* established Participation in UN 1995 long-term investment and employment opportunities on 10 July Earth Summit in Rio First global STEEL 1992 industry life cycle inventory (LCI).

5 Five roles identified: economic studies; 1990s 1996. statistics; liaison Beginning of with other WorldAutoSteel organisations;. STEEL Statistical with the signing of exchange of Yearbook available UltraLight STEEL Auto ideas; promotion on diskette Body (ULSAB) project of STEEL use 2010s Global Six online technology 1996. 1970s benchmarking innovation Technical reports Safety and Board issues systems: forum started published: EAF, Health Excellence policy statement Recognition CO2; energy;. Nine committees: maintenance, 2016. on climate change Programme maintenance statistics; scrap, energy, and launched and reliability;. promotion cokemaking and process yields;. and market iron ore supplies 2008 safety and STEEL - the development; 1999 health incidents; permanent technology;. economics; 1980s Accident-free sustainability material in the circular economy taxes, tariffs and steelmaking programme IISI changed its campaign trade; PR and PA.

6 Launched name to WORLD initiated raw materials; 2010. TECHCO launches STEEL Association environment; 2016. landmark study on (worldsteel). industrial First STEEL continous casting awards, or relations 2008. 1977 2000s Steelies held Construction market 1971 initiative Safety and health 2013. Working group on launched WORLD STEEL in 2002 principles agreed STEEL scrap organised FIGURES appears and launched FutureSteel- 2015. in pocket format 1972 steeluniversity Vehicle project goes online 2006 completed Updated 1971 Board adopts Position Paper policy statement 2004 Beijing office 2014 on Climate Study on global on the environment opened Change indirect trade First Sustainability First STEEL Safety launched 1972 Report published 2006 Day on 28 April 2015. *IISI changed its name to WORLD STEEL Association in 2008. 4 5. CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF WORLD CRUDE STEEL PRODUCTION.

7 THE WORLD STEEL ASSOCIATION 1950 TO 2016. million tonnes crude STEEL production, 1967, 2000, 2016 million tonnes Other Asia & Oceania Years WORLD Years WORLD Years WORLD 1967 South Korea 1950 189 1997 800 2008 1 343. India 1955 270 1998 779 2009 1 239. Japan 1960 347 1999 790 2010 1 433. China Europe 1965 456 2000 850 2011 1 538. Africa & 1970 595 2001 852 2012 1 560. WORLD total Middle East 493 1975 644 2002 905 2013 1 650. 1980 717 2003 971 2014 1 670. South America 1985 719 2004 1 063 2015 1 620. North America 1990 770 2005 1 148 2016 1 630. Former 1995 753 2006 1 250. 1996 751 2007 1 348. 1 800. 2000 South Korea Other Asia & Oceania Average growth rates % per annum 1 600 Years WORLD Europe Japan 1950-55 1955-60 India 1 400 1960-65 1965-70 WORLD total 1970-75 850 China 1975-80 1980-85 1 200. 1985-90 Africa & North America 1990-95 Middle East 1995-00 South America 1 000 2000-05 2005-10 2010-15 2015-16 800.

8 2016 Africa & Middle East South America 600. North America China 400. Europe 200. Other Asia & Oceania WORLD total Japan India 1 630 0. South Korea 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010. 6 7. TOP STEELMAKERS MAJOR STEEL -PRODUCING COUNTRIES. 2016 2015 AND 2016. million tonnes crude STEEL production million tonnes crude STEEL production Rank Company Tonnage Rank Company Tonnage 2016 2015. Country Rank Tonnage Rank Tonnage 1 ArcelorMittal 26 Rizhao STEEL China 1 1 2 China Baowu Group (1) 27 Fangda STEEL Japan 2 2 India 3 3 3 (2) 28 EVRAZ HBIS Group United States 4 4 4 NSSMC Group (3) 29 MMK Russia 5 5 South Korea 6 6 5 POSCO 30 Baotou STEEL Germany 7 7 6 Shagang Group 31 Severstal Turkey 8 9 Brazil 9 8 7 Ansteel Group 32 Liuzhou STEEL Ukraine 10 10 Italy 11 11 8 JFE STEEL 33 Jinxi STEEL Taiwan, China 12 12 9 Shougang Group 34 Jingye STEEL Mexico 13 13 Iran 14 14 10 Tata STEEL Group 35 Anyang STEEL France 15 15 11 Shandong STEEL Group 36 Sanming STEEL Spain 16 16 Canada 17 17 12 Nucor Corporation 37 Metinvest Holding Poland 18 19 13 Hyundai STEEL 38 Taiyuan STEEL Vietnam 19 24 Belgium 20 21 14 Maanshan STEEL 39 Zongheng STEEL United Kingdom 21 18 15 thyssenkrupp 40 Zenith STEEL Austria 22 20 Netherlands 23 22 16 NLMK 41 Erdemir Group South Africa 24 23 Saudi Arabia 25 27 17 Jianlong Group 42 Nanjing STEEL Czech Republic 26 26 18 Gerdau 43 Xinyu STEEL Australia 27 29 Egypt 28 25 19 China STEEL Corporation 44 CITIC Pacific Special STEEL Indonesia (e)

9 29 30 20 Valin Group 45 SSAB Slovak Repulic 30 31 Sweden 31 32 21 JSW STEEL 46 Techint Group Kazakhstan 32 34 22 Benxi STEEL 47 voestalpine Group Argentina 33 28 Finland 34 33 23 SAIL 48 Essar STEEL Group Malaysia (e) 35 35 24 U. S. STEEL Corporation 49 Shaanxi STEEL Thailand 36 36 Pakistan 37 39 25 IMIDRO 50 Kobe STEEL Romania 38 37 United Arab Emirates 39 38 (1) New company formed from the merger of Baosteel Group and Wuhan Group in December 2016 Qatar 40 40 (2). Previously named Hesteel Group. Tonnage includes STEEL mill acquired in Serbia in June 2016 Byelorussia 41 41 (3). Tonnage does not include Nisshin STEEL , which became part of the NSSMC Group in March 2017 Luxembourg 42 42 Portugal 43 43 Notes on company ownership and tonnage calculations: For worldsteel members, the data Oman (e) 44 44 was sourced from their official tonnage declaration. For Chinese companies, the official CISA Switzerland (e) 45 46 tonnage publication was used.

10 In cases of more than 50% ownership, 100% of the subsidiary's Hungary 46 45 tonnage is included. In cases of 30%-50% ownership, pro-rata tonnage is included. Unless Colombia 47 49 otherwise specified, less than 30% ownership is considered a minority interest and therefore North Korea (e) 48 48 not included. Serbia 49 53 For an extended company listing, go to Peru 50 51 Others WORLD 1 1 e = estimate 8 9. CRUDE STEEL PRODUCTION CONTINUOUSLY-CAST STEEL OUTPUT. BY PROCESS, 2016 2014 TO 2016. Million Oxygen % Electric Open hearth Other Total Million tonnes % Crude STEEL output tonnes % % % %. 2014 2015 2016 2014 2015 2016. Austria - - Belgium - - Austria Bulgaria - - - Belgium Croatia - - - Bulgaria Czech Republic - - Croatia - - Finland - - Czech Republic France - - Finland Germany - - France Greece - - - Germany Hungary - - Greece Italy - - Hungary Luxembourg - - - Italy Netherlands - - Luxembourg Poland - - Netherlands Portugal - - - Poland Romania (e) - - Portugal Slovak Republic - - Romania (e) Slovenia - - - Slovak Republic Spain - - Slovenia Sweden - - Spain United Kingdom - - Sweden European Union (28) - - United Kingdom Turkey - - European Union (28)


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