1 Page 1 of 87 WARNING!!! KEEP YOURSELF AND YOUR xbox SAFE! First of all if you have not opened your xbox and you are having problems, think about using your warranty if it s still covered. If you open the box it will invalidate your warranty. CONTENTS WARNING!!! Keep Yourself and Your xbox SAFE! page 2 DVD REPAIR page 3 Determine the manufacturer of your xbox DVD drive page 4 Determine Version of xbox page 6 xbox Power Supply Compatibility page 7 Power Supply Failure page 8 Convert a PSU to a page 9 xbox Version Detection page 11 xbox Version Detection (Step1 Image1) page 13 Cleaning your xbox DVD drive page 20 Crack open that xbox page 24 Removing the xbox Front Panel (AKA bezel/face plate)
2 Page 29 Thomson xbox Laser Installation page 30 Thompson DVD Tray Removal and Realignment page 33 Phillips xbox DVD Drive Complete Disassembly page 36 Phillips Laser Installation page 42 Samsung DVD Complete Disassembly page 49 Thompson Potentiometer (Pot) Adjustment page 54 Ejecting DVD drive Manually (Emergency Eject) page 57 Explanation of Error Codes page 59 Repairing Traces and Lifted Pads page 76 Original xbox Controller REPAIR page 78 xbox Locks Up / Flashing Red/Orange page 82 xbox will not power on page 84 Fan Replacement -- Alternate Power Source for Fan page 85 The Short xbox Diagnosis Answer List page 86 DVD Drive failure page 87 Page 2 of 87 Warnings Read the warning labels on the case and internal components Microsoft puts those there to indemnify from
3 Responsibility because it is in fact dangerous in there. The power supply is exposed, when it is not plugged in it can still hold a significant amount of power, it can shock you, if it is plugged in and you touch it, it WILL shock you. Taking proper precautions it can be perfectly safe. A few things to consider. Damage to you High voltage electrical shock hazard, touching almost any part of the power supply while it is connected will result in a shock. Even a brief shock at just the right moment/voltage etc can result in messed up heart rhythm and death.
4 Consider wrapping the power cord into a bundle, when the case is open the cord stays under the lid in a bundle. When the lid is on you can un-bundle the cord and plug it in. This may sound like an exaggeration but you need to be very responsible with your actions. Damage to your xbox Electro Static Discharge ESD Low humidity increases static charge build up (more accurately it decreases the ability for the air to dissipate charge); movement of one object across another creates a difference in static charge. You know what clothes you have that create static electricity, don't wear those when working on electronics.
5 It s not the static charge that causes damage to electronics; it is the difference in charge, and specifically the rapid change in charge that damages equipment. Each ring represents any object, lets think of one of them as you and one of them as your xbox , regardless of whether you are positive or negatively charged or both objects are either positive or both negative, the charge wants to equalize itself when the two objects meet causing a static spark. You don't need to create a spark to do damage to your precious electronics.
6 Imagine an aquarium with a divider in the middle, one side is filled half way full and the other is filled completely full, if the divider were suddenly removed the water would slosh in both directions until it equalized and again became still. The trick is to see your xbox is not the aquarium! The most common method is to ground oneself this guarantees that you are at a lower potential than the equipment you are working on, any static charge leaves the equipment and enters you. This can still cause problems so ideally both the equipment you are working on and yourself are grounded.
7 For safety reasons use an approved static wrist strap, these are designed to "break" if too many amps go through them. Page 3 of 87 DVD REPAIR If your xbox is freezing during games or returning the dreaded Dirty Disc Error you have a DVD drive problem. If this all sounds like too much work you can always buy a replacement drive. First off, DO NOT BLOW CANNED AIR INTO THE DRIVE WITHOUT OPENING IT! This will almost certainly make things worse, you just assure that the dust will be redistributed evenly inside the drive and this includes a coating on the optics you are trying to clean.
8 Steps to take in order to resolve Dirty Disk Errors 1. Use a standard CD/DVD Cleaner; they look like a normal CD but with two miniature brushes on them. This will only clean the lens. Sometimes this is all you need to be up and running. 2. Use this information to figure out what drive you are working with and what must be done to clean the lens in the next step. Determine the manufacturer of your xbox DVD drive see page 4 3. Clean the lens and mirror manually. 4. Adjust the Potentiometer (pot) on the laser - see page 54 5. Replace the Laser in the DVD drive.
9 6. If none of the above options revive your drive you can rest assured you have tried it all get a new drive, they do go dead You may notice that some of your games play fine while others do not. This is usually because some games are on DVD media and some are on CD media. CD's are single layer media while DVD's are multi layer media. This means it is easier to read a CD than it is to read a DVD. The concept of a DVD is to have several semi transparent layers of data. It is sort of like taking a few CD's stacking them together into a single disc.
10 To read the 2-4 layers of data you must ignore the previous layers and pay attention to ones deeper in the disc. Obviously this is a more complex task and more subject to read errors. For instance the double disk of Jet Set Radio Future is a CD while Halo is on a DVD. Most often you will notice the bottom of the media is one of two colors, gold DVD's and Silver CD's. It is not 100% that gold=DVD and silver=CD so if you find this rule of thumb to not be true in every case. If you know you have a DVD problem because the drive will not open or close, stay opened or closed or makes grinding and popping noises The number one quick fix for the DVD drive is to re-align the tray.