Search results with tag "Theories"
The scholars have developed several theories of anthropology. With the passage of time, the older theories have undergone through criticisms and thus, many new theories were developed.For every discipline, theories can work as the building blocks. Myrdal (1957; 164) expressed the importance of the theories by saying: “Facts come to
t has been observed that various theories and practices in administration sciences have a long established history of at least 50 years and many have lost validity because of the recently emerged ideas and theories. For instance, it is a fact that despite the information age, many of the management theories and practices can not
With the development of market economy, business management theories have been continuously developed and updated. Therefore, strategic management theories have emerged. Because of the continuous changes in the corporate living environment, strategic management theories have emerged. .
Current Theories of Entrepreneurship Contemporary writers in management and business have presented a wide range of theories of entrepreneurship. Many of the leading thinkers remain true to the Say-Schumpeter tradition while offering variations on the theme. For instance, in his attempt to get at what is special about
Models of educational leadership and management The author has presented and classified theories of educati onal management for over 20 years (Bush, 1986; 1995; 2003). This work categorises the main theories into six major models: formal, collegial, political, subjective, ambi-guity, and cultural (see Table 1).
closely to accepted theories and information about facilities management. These slots will detail some of the theories behind my work. Theory and practice may not always be identical, but you have the option to compare the two side by side. These slots will also contain key pieces of …
Psychological Theories: An Overview First, they have focused on failures in psychological development--an overbearing or weak conscience, inner conflict, insufficient moral development, and maternal deprivation with its concomitant failure of attachment. Second, they have investigated the ways in which aggression and violence are learned
haviorist theories are more likely to be used in combination with other learning theories, especially cognitive theory (Bush, 2006; Dai & Sternberg, 2004). Behaviorist theory con-tinues to be considered useful in nursing practice for the delivery of health care. To encourage people to learn new information or to change their attitudes and
modern approaches to nursing and nurse education. Theories of competence acquisition, clinical decision making, mentorship, expert practice (Benner), tacit knowledge (Polanyi) and reflection (Schon, Johns, Gibbs) are well established. Theories or models that have been applied to nursing include Bloom’s cognitive taxonomy of
theories to 'build' what they believe is the best performing team for a particular project. ... There are nine main roles, two of which are possible leaders, and a ninth specialist role. All the roles are significant, though some have a higher profile than others;
• Analysis papers to examine related theories. • For example a comparison between the theories of evolution or who shot JFK. • Research papers to incorporate multiple sources. • For example looking at economic and social effects of proposed legislation. • Argument papers to compare differing views and support a coherent claim.
What is missing from the theories of domestic violence we discussed earlier is the recognition that batterers use violence to gain power and control over their partners’ actions, thoughts and feelings. An explanation of violence as simply a loss of control caused by alcohol, for example,
Qualitative Research: The Toolkit of Theories in the Social Sciences 97 2. Definitions of basic concepts Before we begin our discussion, the clarification of a few basic research concepts is helpful. There has been an increase in the use of varied—and often confusing—terminology in research textbooks.
The other form of colonialism that is attended to by postcolonial theories and theories of coloniality is internal colonialism, the biopolitical and geopolitical management of people, land, flora and fauna within the “domestic” borders of the imperial nation. This involves the use of !!!!!
International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL) Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2018, PP 11-18 ISSN 2347-3126 (Print) & ISSN 2347-3134 (Online) ... Theories and Approaches to Critical Discourse Analysis International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL) Page | 12 2. FEATURES OF CDA This section ...
Theories of IR can never stray very far from issues about power—what it is and how it is exercised. But in the American context, theory also cannot stray too far from liberal issues about democracy, markets and international institutions. 3. Theories and debates in the American discipline of IR have also been shaped
Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, Natural Rights Theories, and Religious Ethics A “utilitarian” argument, in the strict sense, is one what alleges that we ought to do something because it will produce more total happiness than doing anything else would. Act utilitarianism (AU) is the moral theory that holds that the morally right action, the act
All descriptive theories attempt to explain, predict, and/or control natural phenomena. This kind of theorizing involves the verb “is” and the ... psychological inquiry, economics, sociological inquiry, and/or political inquiry. But in the final analysis, it turns out that there is something left over that resembles universal morality.
sociological study of racism. It has witnessed the (re-)emergence of once-ignored critical and structural analyses of racism (à la DuBois) as well as manifold new theories to account for the subtlety of present-day racism. These theories often focus on group-level processes and social structures as opposed to, or in interaction with, the ...
The Practical Value of Motivation Theories 264 Chapter Summary 265 Suggested Additional Readings 267 ... Modern Theories of Leadership 311 Power and Inﬂuence in Organizations 326 Chapter Summary 335 ... Models of Organizational Culture 446
ent learning theories will often prescribe the same instructional methods for the same situations (only with diﬀ erent terminology and possibly with diﬀ erent intentions). Th is article outlines the major diﬀ erences between the three positions in an …
This chapter is intended to illustrate how time, global and/or private interests, events and human relationships have influenced the ongoing evolution of leadership theories and leadership models. These typically focus either on the leader, the task, the environment, the follower(s) or the team members in a rather complex
Chapter 1 Leading and Managing Today’s Police: Challenges and Opportunities 3 Chapter 2 The Dynamics of Police Organizations: Structure and Theories 19 Chapter 3 Leadership and Motivation: What Works 39 Chapter 4 Communication, Negotiation, and Conflict Resolution 65 Chapter 5 Human Resource Management: The Foundation
n Use ethical theories and principles in the decision-making process. n Apply ethical principles to analysis of HR case problems. n Identify various solutions to ethical case questions.
discussing the alternative theories of state‟s security, the related terms and concepts must be defined. Threat: Threat is not an objective phenomenon. It is a perceptual concept. Capabilities and intentions of a state play an important role in determining threat. Security: According to realists, concept of security is a vicious cycle.
understanding of the trainee teachers on how different philosophical theories affect education. The course will help in developing the ability in trainee teachers to ... 7 highlighted the western philosophers and Muslim philosopher’s perspective on ... with the nature of human mind and personality, and with the ways in which man and his
Recognition : Nature, Forms, Theories and Effects Subjects of International Law Introduction Subjects of International Law can be described as those persons or entities who possess international personality. Throughout the 19th century, only States qualified as subjects of international law.
ories help improve retention rates. These theories proposed, and found am-ple evidence for, the importance of getting students engaged in their colle-giate surroundings—from participating in student organizations to engaging in conversations with faculty or becoming vitally interested in …
narrative, which has differentiating characteristics with respect to the synchronic cosmogonies of Enuma Elish, Eridu Genesis and Atrahasis. In conclusion, the current theories of the origin of life carry significant limitations in their approach, which dissuades the possibility of considering the
range of linguistic and cultural theories contribute meaningful insights on the development of competence in intercultural communication. The ... of language instructed programmes focus on the development of skills, i.e. (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) but the teaching of …
Despite its generally non-prescriptive nature this approach has a strong resonance with the ‘meta-narratives’ (meaning overriding theories of societal change – refer to Chapter 4 for a more detailed treatment) that dominated DS during the Cold War. These were grand visions of societal transformation – either desirable transformation
Various elements constitute the cognitive and behavioral aspects of culture. In other ... trait goes well together with the concrete experience (CE) abilities in which persons ... One of the famous learning theories especially relative to cross-cultural examination is …
1. One of the simplest model and its general applied in various communication theories. 2. The model which attracts both academics of Human communication and Information theorist to leads their further research in communication. 3. It‘s more effective in person-to-person communication than group or mass audience.
An Overview of Public Relations Theory ... reviewing theories of business social responsibility, ethics, and conflict resolution. They ... human resources, law, or finance. When the public relations function is sublimated to other functions, it cannot move communication resources from one strategic public
Apr 17, 2015 · 2) “Behavioural” theories emerged in the 1950s, based upon more complete considerations of human nature and motivation (McGregor, 1957; Herzberg, 1976). Situational leadership (Hersey & Blanchard 1969) called
One of the most significant types of theories or theoretical components is an explanation of causal relationships. In this case, an effort is made to explore how one (or many variables) may interact with another (or several distinct variables) to produce a certain outcome. In terms of emergency management, we may state that a disaster (D)
McGregor's X Y Theories; and (4) McClelland's Need for Assessment Theory. Maslow states that people are motivated by unmet needs whici ... (The conditions of modern industrial life afford only limited opportunity for the self-actualizing need to find expression.) (Hamner and Organ 1978, 138). Two major postulates can be derived from Maslow's need
Education science is the study of the learning process and the theories, methods and techniques of imparting knowledge to others. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Curriculum studies Didactics Educational assessment, testing and measurement Educational evaluation and research
issues relevant to language use.’ These ‘concepts and issues’ can include ‘language theories’ in the commonly understood sense of referring to the particular insights and approaches of named academics, but they are far broader than this, and the phrase ‘relevant to language use’ is particularly crucial here.
within teacher education courses plays a role in shaping teachers' personal theories of language leaming and teaching (Borg, 1998). For example, MacDonald, Badger and White (2001) showed ... (1 985), in order to acquire a second language al1 that was needed was comprehensible input and motivation. He made a fundamental distinction between learning
It emphasized diagnosis and reasoning by using theories or nursing knowledge. At this time, the nursing process was not seen as a linear, step-wise, problem-solving process but rather as a dynamic, reflective process. The nursing process at the current stage (1990-present) is related to outcome specification and testing.
Taken together, these theories suggest that learning occurs through interactions with others, and when these interactions are intentional, specific learning occurs. Our own implementation of the gradual release of responsibility has four components (Fisher …
from the subsistence sector is gradually transferred-focuses on both the process of labortransfer and the growth of output and employment in the modern sector b. Chenery’spatterns of development Patterns 1. Shift from agriculture to industrial 2. Steady accumulation of human and physical capital 3. Desire for more manufactured goods instead ...
The sociological perspective is an approach to understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader ... theories—symbolic interactionism, functional analysis, and conflict theory—to observe and interpret social contexts, relationships, and realities in distinct ways. Symbolic interactionism analyzes how people use
ories of globalization. These theories describe the evolution and emergence of global systems, networks and culture. The contribution of Wallerstein (1974) is thought to be a landmark to devise a theory of world-system. In this system, intellectual par-ticipation requires the understanding of whole system. Hence, knowledge creation
Apr 18, 2017 · This framework speaks of various provisions of school education focusing “globalization, modernization, decentralization, and localization of curriculum in the Nepalese context” (CDC 2007, p. 1). ... theories are based on contemporary debate on whether learning mathematics is an individual
resistance as evidenced by the fact that over 400 theories of counseling and psychotherapy acknowledge resistance as a common therapeutic ... psychoanalysis was the first approach to include the term resistance. In ... making case conceptualization cumbersome.
Accounting is the financial information system that provides relevant information to those who manage or ... students for post-secondary and professional studies in accounting. ... principles and theories to solve accounting problems in various situations.
1.8. Informal and Post-Modern Theories In theories that make use of cognitive restructuring, an informal curriculum promotes the use of prior knowledge to help students gain a broad understanding of concepts. New knowledge cannot be told to students, it believes, but rather the students' current knowledge must be challenged.
Theories of Addiction and Implications for Counselling ALAN C. OGBORNE Many theorists have tried to account for why people use alcohol and other drugs, and especially why they continue or relapse despite negative consequences. Some theories suggest genetic and other biological factors, while others emphasize personality factors
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