Search results with tag "Sage publications inc"
A curriculum theory is a set of related educational concepts that affords a systematic and illuminating perspective of curricular phenomena. ... and data from these observations are to be used to fine-tune the curricula (Burks, 1998). ... will need to be familiar with a broad spectrum of curriculum theory ranging from behavioral to critical ...
culture. Representation connects meaning and language to culture. But what exactly do people mean by it? What does representation have to do with culture and meaning? One common-sense usage of the term is as follows: ‘Representation means using language to say something meaning-ful about, or to represent, the world meaningfully, to other ...
Elements of subjective culture can also fall in this category. The classic example is meanings: Some may be so culture spe-cific as to be incomparable quantitatively across many societies. Symbols, another group of particular elements of culture, are closely associated with them (Cohen, 1974; Griswold, 1994). So can be rituals
culture (Davenport and Prusak, 1998). Knowledge management then partly becomes a mat-ter of cultural management (Alvesson and Kärreman, 2001; Jonsson and Foss, 2011; McDermott, 1999). Culture is thus highly significant for how companies and other organi-zations function: from strategic change to everyday leadership and how managers and
advancement, an opportunity for glamour and excitement, a chance of world renown, a way of demonstrating one’s courage, and even a way of accumulating wealth”(Reich, 1990, p. 271). Terrorism is much like organized crime, in that it provides illegitimate ways to get what most of us would like to have—fame and fortune.
15.1. The Structure of Generalized Linear Models 383 Here, ny is the observed number of successes in the ntrials, and n(1 −y)is the number of failures; and n ny = n! (ny)![n(1 −y)]! is the binomial coefﬁcient. • The Poisson distributions are a discrete family with probability function indexed by the rate parameter μ>0: p(y)= μy × e−μ y
the grading patterns vary widely from teacher to teacher. In-service sessions on this topic, and the expectations for student achievement, will contribute to a more manageable procedure in this area. Parents, in particular, will appreciate a fair system of assessment. In all schools, staff development programs can help connect curricu -
depth, the Cartesian dualism between body and soul. In the third chapter of Gender Trouble she draws from Foucault’s book Discipline and Punish, in which he challenges “the doctrine of internalization,” the theory that subjects are formed by internalizing disci-plinary structures. Foucault replaces this with
Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham, respectively. This approach to explaining and controlling crime was based on the belief that humans exercise free will and that human behavior results from rationally calculating rewards and costs in terms of pleasure and pain. In …
(1998) suggested that community policing practices and problem-oriented policing can posi-tively influence youths’ perceptions of police, but Hurst and Frank (2000) have noted that attempting to involve youths in community-oriented policing is a challenge because of their negative views and disapproval of many police functions.
Effective Mentoring Introduction One of the key mechanisms for facilitating learning for healthcare profession students while on practice placements is mentoring. This mechanism is pretty much well established now, and is indeed a very important component of pre-registration education programmes, albeit using a handful of different titles by
views of the world. This is because our perception is ‘embodied’. We don’t observe passively, but actively interact with the world through our bodies. Experiential realists see the use of metaphor as crucial to the way we make INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
of reversing prior outcomes, controlling what was uncontrollable in the past, and dealing with the trauma in different and more hopeful ways. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) combines two very effective kinds of psychotherapy: cognitive therapy and behavior therapy. Behavior
Few visitors to the United States, or residents for that matter, explored or commented on the ... throughout its history in the United States. The creation of the prison, with a philosophy of penitence (hence the penitentiary), ... 1530 act authorized poisoners to be boiled alive. Burning was the penalty for high
Chapter Objectives 1. To understand the fundamental importance of the global venture in today’s changing world 2. To introduce the concept of entrepreneurship from a global perspective, crossing national boundaries 3. To learn the key differences in operating a business in a global versus domestic environ-
A general overview of this book. This book begins with an introduction to descriptive statistics (Chapters 2–5) and then uses descriptive statistics to transition (Chapters 6–7) to a discussion of inferential statistics (Chapters 8–18). DEFINITION
sources of conflict, conflict does not necessarily involve winners and loser; we can have conflict over issues, but cooperate so that no one loses or wins. Views of Conflci t. There are two general views of conflict. First, conflict can be considered a negative force . and dysfunctional—that it makes people feel uncomfortable and ...
cultural values and ways of doing things are right and natural (Gudykunst & Kim, 1997). ... homophobia, and other independent prejudices. Although prejudice can be positive (e.g., thinking highly of another culture without sufficient evidence), it is usually negative.
Accounting Theory Learning Objectives After reading this chapter, you should be able to: • Understand the meaning of accounting theory and why it is an important topic. • Understand the relationship between accounting theory and policy making. • Understand what measurement is and its role in accounting.
theoretical framework and by the importance that the researcher places on dis ... are interested in evaluation can use the methodological guidance in subsequent chapters to plan an evaluation study. ... from a variety of philosophical and theoretical perspectives, the process of systematic inquiry that constitutes research and evaluation in ...
stage strategies. Some theorists advocated fundamental trans-formations. For example, recognition of the generative and corroborative potential of networked description led to the elevated import of decentering as vital to centering and “the other” as essential to network consolidation. Other represen-
Self-check questions 18 Study questions 18 Annotated further reading 19 Annotated listings of links to relevant websites 19 Rowe-3671-Ch-01.qxd 12/17/2007 8:17 PM Page 1. ... service and the broader processes of social regulation and reproduction that govern everyday lives. The wider account of policing as a social function
questions have led to the divergent ‘schools’, ‘interpretive frameworks’ and approaches to qualitative research described later in this chapter. Ontology Ontology is concerned with the nature of reality and what there is to know about the world. Key ontological questions concern whether or not there is a social reality that
Because of its simplicity, the mode is an adequate measure of central tendency to report if you need a summary statistic in a hurry. For most purposes, however, the mode is not the best measure of central tendency to report. It is simply too subject to the vagaries of the cases
01-Viswanathan.qxd 1/10/2005 2:51 PM Page 1 so as to (1) represent quantities of attributes numerically (scaling) or (2) define whether the objects fall in the same or different categories with
to treat group work like doing individual counseling or therapy, but with an audience present. There are still some group structures that operate that way, just as there are some group leaders who are essentially doing individual ther - apy in a group setting with witnesses. Obviously, this does not capitalize on
1 A Complete Dissertation The Big Picture OVERVIEW Following is a road map that briefly outlines the contents of an entire dissertation. This is a comprehensive overview, and as such is helpful in making sure that at a glance you understand up front the necessary elements that will constitute each section of your dissertation.
Great Leadership Is Good Leadership Look into the soul of any great leader and you will find a good leader. But if only that were the case! Some leaders, those who crave and bathe in the spotlight, are in fact not so great. Others, who are highly effective (and modest) and possess the five key characteristics this
the experimental group and 20 to a control group. This would be an example of random assignment of participants to conditions. In Chapter 7, we will discuss experimental designs where random assignment will be used to create the groups in a study. Figure 6.1 illustrates the difference between random selection and random assignment. Systematic ...
The ﬁrst group was founded by John Elliott, Stephen Kemmis, Clem Adelman and others (see Chapter 4). It contains people who believe that the proper way to do research is for an external researcher to watch and report on what other practi-tioners are doing. This is generally referred to as interpretive action research.
dentifying causes—figuring out why things happen—is the goal of most social science research. Unfortunately, valid explanations of the causes of social ... and erratic discipline as the means by which poverty and delinquency are connected (Sampson & Laub, 1994). In this way, figuring out some aspects of the process by
involved in fund raising or planning may provide opportunities for which some people are searching. In many instances, residents have experiences and skills that are underused, and they are seeking opportunities to make better use of these skills. Although time is cited frequently as the primary reason for lack of par-
plar of (technical) philosophy – not so much because I do not consider it philoso-phy (its concern with language and concepts, with critique of assumptions, and so on, seem to me to clearly place it within the domain of philosophy), but because it is a tradition I am not at home in, and because the way in which these
Chapter Highlights: ... In 1986, age of eligibility was lowered to age 3 and early intervention services (birth–3) were made available. In 1990, it was changed to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or IDEA (P.L. 101-476). Services were made available to students with autism or traumatic brain injury as well as those
secondary research also is the cheapest and quickest form of market research. You ignore or skimp on it at your peril. Its range of applica- ... paper on whether the firm should expand into a particular market or pursue product development in a specific direction. In such instances,
Dealing with the causation issue: how to tell the difference ... Methodology What is the overall design of the evaluation (e.g., quasi-experimental, participatory, goal free) and (briefly) ... Process Evaluation How good, valuable, or efficient is the evaluand’s content (design) and implementation (delivery)? 7. Outcome Evaluation How good or ...
104 APPLYING COMMUNICATION THEORY FOR PROFESSIONAL LIFE ... This prediction is based on logic; if you feel strongly about something, you are likely to reject anything that doesn’t match your precise point of view. If you don’t care as much about the ... is due to a lack of role models for many minority members.
synthesis, and interpretation of qualitative data, in contrast, is a far more nebulous endeavor—hence the clear paucity of pub-lished literature on how to actually do it (and hence the limited annotated bibliography that we offer for this section). Rather than
groups were the Women’s International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell (WITCH), the Redstockings, the Feminists, and the New York Radical Feminists.11 It was in this social context, within these emerging political perspectives, that feminist criminology began to question assumptions and stereotypes concerning women in criminal justice. This
how leadership theory evolved into the major paradigms presented in this book. We then discuss leadership in special domains and emerging issues relating leadership to culture, gender, ethics, and identity, among others. Finally, we discuss how leadership findings are being integrated into cohesive frameworks (i.e., hybrid approaches).
Case Study: Japan as a Homogeneous Culture From Hofstede’s (1983) research, Japan is placed about in the middle between individualism and collectivism. Yet Japan is popularly stereotyped as a group-oriented culture. In a 1995 study of …
the data and outcomes of the study (Bambino, 2002; Cushman, 1998). To facilitate critical collegiality, it is helpful to consider the norms developed by the Bay Area Coalition of Essential Schools, which are paraphrased here: • In collaborating with a …
authentically embracing a role rather than feeling a certain ambivalence or distance from it. This alienation is also critical to Goffman’s analysis. ... does not understand what one is selling.Second,although the training process itself has value to the industry, if there is a public perception that agents require special-
academic disciplines such as economics and other social sciences employ-ing research methods from philosophy, mathematics, and statistics. This newer and more formal approach to the development of accounting theory is a relatively recent innovation in our field and permeates much of the cur-rent accounting research.
Population-Based Public Health Practice 7 The focus of community or public health practice is the health of an entire community. To affect the health of an entire community, the public health nurse targets specific groups and designs interventions at multiple levels
Chapter 3, SAGE Publications Inc, Systematic, Observations, Behavioral, THE WORK OF REPRESENTATION, Culture, Subjective, Also, Management, Leadership, A Typology of Serial Killers, Glamour, Models, Binomial, Teacher, On Judith Butler and Performativity, Cartesian dualism, Beccaria, POLICE AND JUVENILE OFFENDERS, Policing, Effective Mentoring, Practice, Mentoring, INTRODUCTION, QUANTITATIVE, World, Controlling, Uncontrollable, History, The United States, Alive, Chapter, Entrepreneurship, Introduction to, General, Conflict, Dysfunctional, Culture and Leadership, Cultural, Homophobia, Theory, An Introduction to Research, Theoretical framework, Methodological, Theoretical, Stage, Self, Service, Frameworks, Simplicity, Measurement, Group, Leadership: What Is It, Good, Selecting Research Participants, Random, What Is Action Research, Stephen, Causation and Experimental Design, Causes, Delinquency, Fund raising, Philoso, Historical Background of Disabilities, 1986, Services, Secondary research, Research, Paper, Causation, Design, Experimental, Explaining Theories of Persuasion, APPLYING, Logic, Analyzing and Interpreting Findings, Synthesis, Of qualitative, Theories, Conspiracy, Future, Dimensions of Culture, Case Study, Study, Conducting Teacher Action Research, Data, Goffman’s Dramaturgical Sociology, Distance, Selling, Economics, Based, Health, Population-Based Public Health Practice