1 A Renewable Energy Roadmap ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. ABOUT IRENA This report is part of the REmap 2030 programme. Asami Miketa The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an and Deger Saygin coordinated the preparation of the report. intergovernmental organisation that supports countries in Rabia Ferroukhi led the preparation of the policy section. their transition to a sustainable Energy future, and serves Dolf Gielen, Diala Hawila, Ana Kojakovic, Divyam Nagpal, as the principal platform for international cooperation, a Nawfal Saadi, Michael Taylor and Nicholas Wagner contributed centre of excellence, and a repository of policy, technolo- to the report and various other IRENA staff provided valuable gy, resource and financial knowledge on Renewable Energy .
2 Comments. Kevin Bennett and Khennas Smail (consultants). IRENA promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable prepared background analysis. The report also benefitted from use of all forms of Renewable Energy , including bioenergy, discussions at the Africa Renewable Energy Roadmap work- geothermal, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind Energy , shop that took place in Abu Dhabi on 8 June 2015. The workshop in the pursuit of sustainable development, Energy access, was attended by 50 participants representing 17 countries and Energy security and low-carbon economic growth and 8 international organisations.
3 Prosperity. This report, a summary of findings and other supporting REPORT CITATION. material are available for download through IRENA (2015), Africa 2030: Roadmap for a Renewable Energy Future. IRENA, Abu Dhabi. For further information or to provide feedback, please contact the REmap team at or This report is available for download from COPYRIGHT IRENA 2015. Unless otherwise stated, this publication and material featured herein are the property of IRENA and may be freely DISCLAIMER. used, shared, copied, reproduced, This publication and material herein are provided as is.
4 Neither IRENA nor any of its officials, agents, data or other third-party content providers provides any or reprinted, so long as IRENA is warranty, including as to accuracy, completeness, or fitness for a particular purpose or use, or regarding the non-infringement of third-party rights, and they acknowledged as the source. Material accept no responsibility or liability with regard to the use of this publication and the material therein. The information herein does not necessarily represent the attributed to third parties may be subject views of the Members of IRENA, nor is it an endorsement of any project, product or service provider.
6 Africa therefore has a unique opportunity to pursue sustainable Energy development as a basis for long-term prosperity. Africa is richly endowed with fossil-based and Renewable Energy sources. However, a continued reliance on oil and gas along with traditional biomass combustion for Energy will bring considerable social, economic and environmental constraints. Tackling today's Energy challenge on the continent, therefore, requires a firm commitment to the accelerated use of modern Renewable Energy sources.
7 Countries like Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Morocco and South Africa are leading this effort, while some of Africa's smaller countries including Cabo Verde, Djibouti, Rwanda and Swaziland have also set ambitious Renewable Energy targets. Others are following suit, and Renewable Energy is on the rise across the continent. Africa 2030, IRENA's comprehensive Roadmap for the continent's Energy transition, illuminates a viable path to prosperity through Renewable Energy development. Part of an ongoing global REmap 2030 analysis, Africa 2030 is built on a country-by-country assessment of supply, demand, Renewable Energy potential and technology prospects.
8 It highlights possible roles for various Renewable Energy technologies across the five regions of Africa until 2030. Africa can deploy modern renewables to eliminate power shortages, bring electricity and development opportunities to rural villages that Adnan Z. Amin have never enjoyed those benefits, spur on industrial growth, create entrepreneurs, and support increased prosperity across the continent. Director-General Modern renewables can also facilitate a cost-effective transformation to a cleaner and more secure power sector.
9 International Renewable Some technology solutions are relatively easy to implement but require an enabling environment, with appropriate policies, regulation, Energy Agency governance and access to financial markets. As a promising sign of things to come, several African countries have already succeeded in making steps necessary to scale up renewables, such as adoption of support policies, investment promotion and regional collaboration. Africa 2030 builds on a large body of background studies developed in close co operation with African experts.
10 With momentum building in support of Renewable Energy , IRENA is committed to further collaboration with governments, multilateral organisations and existing national, regional and global initiatives. By making the right decisions today, African countries can usher in a sustainable Energy landscape for generations to come. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS. PART 1 TECHNOLOGIES TO HARNESS AFRICA'S ABUNDANT. Renewable RESOURCES .. 12. Solar.. 14. Foreword.. 3 Wind.. 18. Hydropower.. 20. Executive Summary.. 6 Geothermal Energy .