CASE STUDIES AND STORIES OF CHANGE - INTRAC
Case studies are usually written, but can also be presented as photographs, drawings or videos. In some circumstances case studies have been presented as songs or dramas. There is no fixed size for a written case study. A case study can vary in length between a few lines of text and an entire book. Stories of change are similar to case studies ...
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Further papers in the M&E Universe explain other simple data collection tools and methods. To access these papers directly, click on the relevant links below. Author(s): INTRAC . Contributor(s): ... Interviews Focus group discussions Observation Photography and video Surveys and questionnaires Case studies and stories of change
Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), developed by Charles Ragin in the 1970s, was originally developed as a research methodology. Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). QCA is a methodology that enables the analysis of multiple cases in complex situations, and can help explain why change
PLA was originally called Participatory Rural (or Rapid) Appraisal (PRA). It became very popular in the 1980s and 1990s, and has since kept its popularity with many CSOs. PRA was originally designed for use during appraisals and needs assessments in rural areas. However, it can be used at any stage of the project cycle – design, planning,
Observation: At its most simple, observation involves ‘seeing’ things – such as objects, processes, relationships, events – and formally recording the information. There are different types of observation. Structured or direct observation is a process in which observations are recorded against an agreed checklist.
Conference overview As development organisations, we are all finding ourselves placing a greater emphasis on measuring for results, on looking for evidence of impact, on justifying our effectiveness and on responding to a growing demand for accountability. Development organisations are continually experimenting with innovative
PROCESS TRACING . Process tracing is a qualitative analysis methodology. The main purpose of process tracing is to establish whether, and how, a potential cause or causes influenced a specified change or set of changes. This is done by applying formal tests to examine the strength of evidence linking potential causes to the changes.
quantitative methods are seen as weaker, qualitative methods are seen as (relatively) stronger. Some of the main strengths of qualitative methods are listed below, and are summarised in the diagram above. As with the section on quantitative methods, these are general rules only, and there are often exceptions. Quantitative methods ...
Theories of Change can be developed in many ways. Common elements include ... stakeholder analysis or gender analysis might also be used. And if others have conducted similar assessments in the past then their findings can be used to arrive at a consensus.
differentiate case studies from other empirical methods a solid grounding in the fundamentals of case studies as a research method understand and avoid common mistakes with case studies For reviewers: guidance to judge quality and validity of reported case studies. criteria to assess whether research papers based on case studies are
the case studies are fictional and have been created for educational purposes. No reference to any individual, living or dead, is intended or should be inferred. As you read the case studies keep in mind that there is no one correct way to handle each situation. The case studies should not be taken as
Chest and Abdominal Trauma Case Studies Case #1 Scenario: EMS is dispatched to a 2-car MVC with head on collision. The posted speed limit is marked at 40 MPH. Upon EMS arrival to the scene an unrestrained adult driver is found inside the vehicle with noted + steering wheel deformity. The patient is A & O X 3 but appears restless and agitated.
2 Supreme Court Case Studies Supreme Court Case Study 1 (continued) DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. 1. Why is the Marbury case important in the history of the Supreme Court? 2. In what way did the Marbury decision enhance the system of checks and balances provided for in the Constitution? 3.
case-control studies as they assess only one outcome variable (that is, whatever outcome the cases have entered the study with). Cohorts permit calculation of the effect of each variable on the probability of developing the outcome of interest (relative risk). …
Case Studies The following case studies were included to highlight different ways that social workers can assess and intervene with issues of social isolation. These cases are free to you to use, modify, and incorporate into your teaching. They include: The case of George, which demonstrates the need to examine our cases with
Case-Control Studies E R I C N O T E B O O K S E R I E S Case-control studies are used to determine if there is an association between an exposure and a specific health outcome. These studies proceed from effect (e.g. health outcome, condition, disease) to cause (exposure). Case-control studies assess whether exposure is