CHAPTER ONE - NCERT
scattering of alpha particles by gold foil, in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford (1871–1937) established the nuclear model of the atom, which then became the basis of the quantum theory of hydrogen atom given in 1913 by Niels Bohr (1885–1962). On the other hand, the concept of antiparticle was first introduced theoretically by
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76 EXEMPLAR PROBLEMS 3. Three bulbs A, B, C are connected in a circuit as shown in Figure 14.2. When the switch is ‘ON’ (a) bulb C will glow first. (b) bulb B and C will glow simulaneously and bulb A will
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Rutherford scattering experiments (1911): Matter is made of compact localized nuclei Development of Quantum Mechanics (1920's): The microscopic constituents of matter follow novel and surprising laws of physics! Quanta (electrons) enclosed in a continuous positive distribution PHYS 1493/1494/2699: Exp. 4 – e/m of the electron
The model proposed by Rutherford explained the observation in the -ray scattering experiments as shown below in Fig 3.4. Fig 3.4 : Explanation of the results of α- ray Fig. 3.5 : Failure of Rutherford’s scattering experiment. model However, there was a problem with the Rutherford’s model. According to the Maxwell’s
Apr 16, 2002 · led by Rutherford and Thompson obtained very similar results for the scattering of alpha particles by materials, yet they bitterly disputed the two different models ... 2002 45 the atom, to the extent that Rutherford accused a colleague of Thomson with having ‘fudged’ data to support Thompson’s model. 7. Different scientists can sense the ...
Scattering of light–blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation, and accommodation, correction of eye defects ... Alpha - particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of ...
2. It could not explain large angle scattering of α – particles. Rutherford’s Atomic Model On the basis of this experiment, Rutherford made following observations (i) The entire positive charge and almost entire mass of the atom is concentrated at its centre in a very tiny region of the order of 10-15 m, called nucleus.
Rutherford model was based on the alpha particle scattering experiment 3. He proposed 1) all the positive charge of an atom is concentrated in the nucleus . 2) an atom consists of a positively -charged nucleus with a cloud of electrons surrounding the nucleus . Neils Bohr (1885-1962)
2. On the basis of Rutherford’s model of an atom, which sub-atomic particle is present in the nucleus of an atom? 3. Draw a sketch of Bohr’s model of an atom with three shells. 4. What do you think would be the observation if the α-particle scattering experiment is carried out using a foil of a metal other than gold? 4.2.4 NEUTRONS
Contents 0.1 Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii 0 Reference Materials 1 0.1 Lagrangian Mechanics (mostly ...